The Study of Jeremiah Chapter 5
Posted in the Yukon Forum
#1 Sep 5, 2013
Dear Ladies and Gentlemen:
I greet you in the name of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ. It is my sincere prayer that you are being Blessed even as you read this email.
Today, we will continue the study of the Book of Jeremiah Chapter 5.
5:1. In this chapter, Jeremiah records the reasons for Jerusalem's judgment. Her conduct merited divine punishment (vv. 9, 29). The Lord agreed to spare Sodom and Gomorrah for 10 righteous men (Gen. 18:32). Here, in clear hyperbole, God asks for one man (besides Jeremiah). How great was Jerusalem's sin! Judgment and truth are often put forward as standards of Old Testament righteousness. These were found not only in perfection in God (Deut. 32:4; Hos. 2:19, 20) but were also supposed to characterize the believer's life (Mic. 6:8).
5:3, 4. The eyes of the Lord is a common figure of God's sovereign surveillance over all that happens (cf. Ps. 94:9). He sees the sinner (2 Chr. 21:6) and saint (Ps. 33:18), and deals with all in due righteousness (32:19). This should be an encouragement to believers to walk circumspectly in His presence (Deut. 13:18). However, foolish Judah and Jerusalem continued in impurity. A catalog of the people's sins follows in the chapter.
5:6. The figures of a preying lion (1 Pet. 5:8), wolf (Gen. 49: 27; Acts 20:29), or leopard (Hos. 13:7) to represent danger or judgment occur often in the Scriptures.
5:9. The verb translated visit often means divine chastisement in the Old Testament. It can also mean "avenging himself" against sin (cf. Hos. 1:4).
5:13. Judah's false prophets were not sent by the Spirit of God. Because the Hebrew word translated wind can also be rendered "Spirit," there may be a play on meanings here. Judah's prophets were not sent by the Spirit (cf. Is. 61:1) but were mere windbags!
5:14. For the term LORD God of hosts, see the note on 1 Samuel 1:3. Even the coming invading enemy is under God's control.
5:19. God's judgment of His apostate people is part of the terms of the Sinaitic covenant as updated in the Book of Deuteronomy (Deut. 29:24-26).
5:23-27. See the note on 3:3. Judah's iniquities (the word is from a root meaning "to twist", hence "pervert"), and sins (the word is part of an word-group meaning "miss the mark") stem from a revolting and rebellious heart. Theirs was a stubborn willfulness that could only be termed utter folly (v. 21). Accordingly, their lives are marked by deceit. Therefore, they have deprived themselves of God's natural blessings (cf. Deut. 28:15-68).
5:30. Judah's sin is so exceedingly evil that it is described as being appallingly horrible and staggeringly wonderful (wondered at in shocked disbelief).
Yours in Jesus Christ,
Bishop William B. Caractor
#2 Sep 9, 2013
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