The Study of 1 Chronicles Chapters 4 and 5
Posted in the Yukon Forum
#1 Jul 26, 2013
Dear Ladies and Gentlemen:
I greet you in the name of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ. It is my sincere prayer that you are being Blessed even as you read this email.
Today, we will continue the study of the Book of 1 Chronicles Chapters 4 and 5.
4:1. Having traced the basic messianic line, the author returns to the sons of Jacob (Israel) in their wider extent, bringing the list of names to a conclusion with a special consideration of the family of Saul (4:1-9:44), probably as a prelude to a rehearsal of Saul's death (ch. 10). All of this forms a backdrop to the main theme of 1 Chronicles, the history of David (chs. 11-29).
4:9, 10. The retention of this historical information probably indicated that God had granted Jabez's request. His good accomplishments thus contradict his name, "Son of Sorrow."
4:13-15. For Othniel and Caleb, see the note on Joshua 15:17-19.
4:18. The marriage of a daughter of Pharaoh to an otherwise unknown Hebrew is extremely extraordinary. See the note on 1 Kings 3:1.
4:39-43. Here certain historical notices of the activities of the tribe of Simeon in the days of Hezekiah are detailed. Those of Ham are Egyptians (cf. Ps. 105:23, 27). The rest of the Amalekites are those who escaped after David defeated them (cf. 1 Sam. 30:18; 2 Sam. 8:12). For the hatred of the Amalekites toward Israel, see the note on Judges 3:12, 13.
5:1, 2. To take the concubine was to usurp the father's role as head of the family. Reuben had committed such a sin (Gen. 35:22), for which he was denounced in Jacob's prophetic blessings of his sons (Gen. 49:3, 4). Although the privilege of the first-born was transferred to Joseph, his firstborn son through Rachel (cf. Gen. 48), nevertheless the messianic reckoning passed to the line of Judah in accordance with Jacob's prophecy (Gen. 49:8-10).
5:10. This is a historical notice dealing with the Ishmaelite descendants of Hagar (cf. Gen. 25:12-18).
5:18-22. These verses contain a further notice of the Hagarites of Trans-Jordan and their battles against the two and one-half tribes that settled east of the Jordan. This section is important for its recognition of God's divine government in operation, directing political affairs among men in accordance with His intended purposes.
5:25. The folly of Trans-Jordan Manasseh is immediately apparent: they had stupidly turned from the God who had given them the victory (vv. 18-22). Therefore, God must, in turn, send judgement against them. That judgement would likewise take the form of warfare (v. 26).
5:26. Pul and Tilgath-pilneser (Tiglath-pileser III of Assyria) were the same individual.(See the note on 2 Kin. 15:19, 20.) Accordingly, the sentence should be translated, "The spirit of Pul king of Assyria, even the spirit of Tilgath-pilneser."
Yours in Jesus Christ,
Bishop William B. Caractor
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