Ex Covelo Sheriff Sergeant's Connecti...

Ex Covelo Sheriff Sergeant's Connection to Twin Deputy Suicides

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Wake Up Mendo

Jackson St Forest, CA

#1 Mar 19, 2010
EX-COVELO SHERIFF SERGEANT'S
CONNECTION TO TWIN DEPUTY SUICIDES

SHERIFF ALLMAN (l) consulting with Ukiah police chief Chris Dewey (r) at Eric Gore's suicide scene.
He is standing on the gangplank of the Sonoma County Sheriff's robot deployment van. rj photo.

For over a decade, Shannon Barney, former Tribal Chairman of Round Valley Pomos, and today Mendocino Sheriff Department’s Coordinator of Emergency Services and Chief Deputy Sergeant Coroner operated a sex cult in the sheriff's deputy residency out of Covelo in order to protect himself from whistleblowing by officers under his command to prevent them from reporting his sex activities, selective law enforcement, and alcohol use on and off the job. As a result, several deputies resigned or requested transfer and two committed suicide.
The source of these allegations is a lawsuit by a former Covelo resident deputy still working for the department out of Willits, as well as former acting sheriff and former patrol captain Kevin Broin, due to retire from the force next month. Sheriff Allman was allowed to review the information contained herein and correct facts.

The picture that emerges of Sergeant Barney is that of a tribal chief or cult leader who uses his power to absolutely control his subordinates in all aspects of their life, apparently to keep them from opposing or revealing his abuses of power, including interfering with the administration of justice, failure to perform his sworn duty, unequal enforcement of the law, violation of department policy, and his own inebriation while on duty.

To gain this control, he apparently imposed sexual requirements on deputies under his command for his entire term of office in Round Valley. The “Covelo Way” was that Barney expected deputies under his command to have sex with his wife, Deanna, and he was to have sex with their wives. These alleged predatory sexual behaviors had a habitual pattern and practice to them, and apparently violate California penal code prohibitions on statutory rape, prostitution, pandering and extortion.
http://www.mendocinocountry.com/
Wake Up Mendo

Jackson St Forest, CA

#2 Mar 19, 2010
By Richard Johnson
http://www.mendocinocountry.com/independent/2...
On Saturday February 13, the Ukiah Daily Journal printed a terse announcement on page 2 that the county had settled a lawsuit by a deputy sheriff who alleged he had been passed over for promotion in retaliation for having complained about his superior officer while serving In Covelo for the period 2002-2006.
That superior officer was Shannon Barney, former Tribal Chairman of Round Valley Pomos, and today Mendocino County’s Director of Emergency Services and Chief Deputy Sergeant Coroner.
In passing, the article mentioned allegations of wife swapping and alcohol abuse among deputies serving there at the time.
The plaintiff Jason Cox, who moved to Round Valley with his then wife Jennifer to be a resident deputy in 2002, sued the county as well as Sergeant Barney and Barney’s then immediate supervisor, the current sheriff Tom Allman.
In the two-year course of the suit, Mendocino County judge John Behnke ruled that only the county could be sued for job discrimination and dismissed the complaints against Barney and Allman, saying their actions in disciplining and not promoting Cox were within their discretion and they were immune from liability for their official actions.
The case was headed for trial in the fall of 2009 when freelance reporter Christina Aanestadt filed a request to tape the proceedings for the purpose of news coverage.
A statement submitted by county counsel Jeanine Nadel quoted in the UDJ story said the county opted to pay part of Cox’s litigation costs in return for his withdrawing the action in order to avoid further disruption of the department and further litigation expense. She also said the County has “addressed personnel concerns to protect all parties to the action.” That is not completely true, as we shall explain.
The article also mentions in passing that two deputies that served under Sergeant Barney during that period in Covelo committed suicide less than a year apart, and that he is now coordinator of the sheriff’s Emergency Services branch.
Cox requested transfer out of Covelo three years ago and remains in the department. He may have settled his suit, but Cox v. Mendocino County et al,#08-51220 -- a foot thick, three folder court file -- still chillingly reveals to anyone who reads it the character of Shannon Barney in cold legal language and stoic police jargon. The plaintiff’s verified allegations as well as sworn depositions by various MCSO personnel are public information.
The picture that emerges of Sergeant Barney is that of a tribal chief or cult leader who uses his power to absolutely control his subordinates in all aspects of their life, apparently to keep them from opposing or revealing his abuses of power, including interfering with the administration of justice, failure to perform his sworn duty, unequal enforcement of the law, violation of department policy, and his own inebriation while on duty.
To gain this control, he apparently imposed sexual requirements on deputies under his command for his entire term of office in Round Valley. The “Covelo Way” was that Barney expected deputies under his command to have sex with his wife, Deanna, and he was to have sex with their wives. These alleged predatory sexual behaviors had a habitual pattern and practice to them, and apparently violate California penal code prohibitions on statutory rape, prostitution, pandering and extortion.
Retaliation for Whistleblowing:
Cox declaredwhen he came on board as a Covelo resident deputy, Sergeant Barmey expected him and other deputies to eat dinner at his house “most nights” where they heard him and Deanna explain their “open relationship” with then resident deputies, Eric Heiken and Tim Ellis.
Wake Up Mendo

Jackson St Forest, CA

#3 Mar 19, 2010
According to hearsay, deputy Brett White, who was Cox’s Field Training Officer, was intrigued by this situation, and eagerly joined the cult in 2005 by approaching Barney about having sex with Deanna. Barney reportedly set conditions including that Tammy White would have sex with him. White then had sex with Deanna, Cheryl Ellis, now Tiller, and Jennifer Cox.
Cox openly opposed Barney’s illicit regime and repeatedly complained both verbally and formally to his higher-ups about his commander’s behavior from 2005 onward. He related to various officers that Barney was intoxicated while on duty and was engaged in other illegal behavior.
In return, Barney allegedly retaliated against Cox by filing false negative performance evaluations and refusing to back him up on calls involving armed suspects, according to court documents. When Cox protested the false DEP’s they were overturned by the chain of command.
Cox also learned that Gore was intoxicated while on duty and reported that to superior officers.On July 9, 2006, Deputy Gore went missing in the middle of his shift. Cox found Gore at home passed out with a shotgun at his side, apparently a trial run at suicide.
Cox discussed Barney and other deputies’ activities with Deputy Dean Verdot. Verdot said he would contact the California Department of Justice. Verdot also discussed the information with Captain Broin.
Cox’s suit charges that in retaliation, North County Sector Commander Lieutenant Tom Allman, now sheriff, passed him over for promotion to sergeant six times after he left Covelo in 2007.
In his suit, Cox charges that Barney was so favored by former sheriff Craver, his political ally former DA Norm Vroman, and by Allman to the degree that he could stop investigations, get charges dropped and spring people from jail.
One example is that of in January of 2010, a Covelo grandmother of 67 years was found guilty in Mendocino County Superior Court of selling methamphetamine. In her home the previous August, deputies had found 7.5 ounces of powder, most of it undiluted, enough for a thousand or more $50 bags. At trial, Nancie Henthorne admitted to selling meth out of her closed restaurant “for 8 months or more.”
But in fact, Covelo resident deputies had been aware fully five years ago that Henthorne was Round Valley’s largest volume meth dealer. They had resolved to investigate her and seek a warrant.
But according to Cox’s declarations, Barney thwarted the effort by warning her granddaughter, Round Valley tribal employee Yvonne Galardo that Nancie would be busted if she did not stop. At the time, he was allegedly involved in a sexual relationship with Galardo that was so intense he would reportedly receive cellphone calls from her all through the night while he was on duty.
In this incident, Barney compromised the safety and health of Round Valley residents and violated state law and Sheriff Department policies by tipping off a suspect with whose close family member he was intimately involved.
Cox also cited as an example Barney’s social and alleged business association with a known marijuana grower named Tim Hurt who was arrested in Covelo in 2005 for possession of firearms in violation of probation and driving on an expired or suspended license. Within days, DA Vroman withdrew all charges and Hurt was released from jail, apparently through Barney’s pull. Barney had been friends with Hurt for a year, frequenting the grower’s house several times a week to play cards and consume alcohol.
http://www.mendocinocountry.com/independent/2...
Wake Up Mendo

Jackson St Forest, CA

#4 Mar 19, 2010
New Sheriff in Town:
The following August, acting sheriff Kevin Broin sent patrol deputies from other areas, as well as COMMET and CAMP to raid marijuana farms in Round Valley after two Mexican pot thieves were killed. The FBI was recruited and has reportedly identified the killers, who remain at large.
Sheriff Tony Craver had suddenly announced his retirement one year early in December, 2005 and Captain Broin had been appointed by county supervisors as interim sheriff after undersheriff Gary Hudson announced himself a candidate. Upon learning this, Hudson went on sick leave and then withdrew from the race. To save the department from collapse, Broin announced his own candidacy..
Broin was distressed to learn of Barney’s abuses not only from Cox, but other sources. With approval from county counsel, he ordered an independent investigation into the whole Covelo situation, and issued an MCSO check for $5,000 to pay for it. He then transferred Sergeant Barney to Fort Bragg, then placed him on administrative leave. In November, he removed White from patrol duty and prepared to fire him.
In October of 2006, Cox made an audiotaped statement to Sgt. Daryl Forrester and Lieutenant Tim Marsh from the sheriff’s personnel department in connection with that investigation. He discussed Barney’s sexual practices, failure to perform duty, unequal enforcemement of law, violation of departmental policy, and inebriation on the job. He also alleged White and Gore were drinking on duty or reported for work having been drinking. That statement exists in the records of the department, and a transcript is in Cox’s possession.
That same month Cox allegedly obtained conclusive evidence of a 300-plant marijuana farm on land owned by Brian Hurt, brother of Tim at Wylatti Flat in Round Valley. According to Brian and other sources, the grow was a project of Tim Hurt and Sergeant Barney. After Cox turned this evidence over to the Major Crimes Task Force, he was informed by officer Darrin Brewster that they were not going to bust it.
Meanwhile, Cox learned his wife Jennifer and Brett White had been carrying on a sexual affair while White was her Field Training Supervisor. They allegedly had sex in the patrol car while on duty. Cox informed Barney of this, but he already knew. Cox then had sex with White’s wife.
In the November, 2006 election runoff for sheriff, Allman won 54-46% with major support from marijuana growers in the third district where in some precincts he got 90% of the vote.
The following January, Allman took office and Broin resumed his Patrol Chief position. Allman also appointed him Chief Deputy Coroner.\
A month later, deputy White, whom Broin had relieved of duty, committed suicide at home in Covelo, He had been hospitalized for inability to care for himself, and prohibited from possessing firearms.
Wake Up Mendo

Jackson St Forest, CA

#5 Mar 19, 2010
Cox requested transfer out of Covelo in late 2006 and divorced Jennifer. He had been nominated for deputy of the year for that year and top ranked for promotion. But in 2007, Allman passed Cox over for promotion to sergeant six times. The following March, Cox filed his suit against Allman, Barney and the county for discrimination, sexual harassment and other violations.
In a 2009 deposition in the Cox matter, Allman acknowledged the severity of the situation, and admitted he moved Barney to Ukiah in order to diffuse, but not resolve it.
“We had to get Shannon out of Covelo right now because we have to figure out how to rebuild Covelo.
“We have a deputy who’s drunk on duty. We have a deputy who’s sleeping with a lot of women, including another deputy’s wife. We have that deputy with the other deputy’s wife. We have a sergeant’s wife who has slept with several people and we have an internal affairs investigation supposedly against a sergeant that was never opened. And we have a lieutenant, me, that is not being told of a major investigation, investigations that are occurring in my sector…”
Allman declares he was “out of the loop” on the complaints about and investigations of Sergeant Barney’s activities in Covelo, during which time he was not yet sheriff, but north sector commander.
Kevin Broin, now about to retire has said was denied access to the report on the independent investigation of Barney and other deputies. But he is certain it exists in county counsel Jeanine Nadel’s office. After he lost the election, Nadel, refused to let either Broin or DA Lintott see the report.
“Some law enforcement officer should review that report for possible criminal activity,” says Broin.
The facts alleged in Cox’s suit, of which Allman testified he was aware, question the sheriff’s judgment in naming Barney to the crucially important posts of Chief Deputy Coroner and Emergency Services Coordinator for the sheriff’s department.
Wake Up Mendo

Jackson St Forest, CA

#6 Mar 19, 2010
The Wages of Corruption:
In January, 2008, Allman promoted Barney to Chief Deputy Sergeant Coroner, and gave Broin’s county car to Barney.
About then, Eric Gore committed suicide at home in Ukiah. His life had been ruined by Barney’s schemes, and Broin had placed him on administrative leave preparatory to ending his 11-year sheriff’s department career. It was Allman who brought him back to work in corrections, but Gore had returned to the bottle
Gore had failed to appear at work for two days on January 3. Alerted by corrections, a deputy visited him at his Waugh Lane apartment in the morning and found him barricaded and armed, threatening to kill himself. About 1pm, sheriff Allman and several deputies as well as UPD officers responded. Gore would not open the door or answer the telephone. When they entered the apartment with a key from the landlord, a single shot rang out and they retreated.
Fire engines were summoned to evacuate residents through upper story windows. A helicopter flew overhead. A single gunshot was heard just before noon. A SWAT team was prepared and a robot with remote camera was finally sent in at 4:00pm and discovered Gore dead in the bathtub from a self-inflected gunshot wound.
Barney and Allman were both there, the sergeant directing traffic and the sheriff watching the Ukiah Police command the response.
Both Brett White and Eric Gore were ruined by alcohol and remorse after having been pressured by their superior officer to join his sex cult. Suicide is always a message of reproach, intended to shame someone. Why didn’t Allman get the message after the second, if not the first suicide.
The record shows that Barney never altered or suspended this behavior over a period of a decade in Covelo. The record shows Allman protected Barney and ignored repeated warnings about his sergeant for at least two years and only responded to these facts by moving Barney into his office building where he could watch him more closely.
These facts raise questions about Allman’s judgment in keeping Barney on the force and giving him two important assignements: Chief Deputy Coroner and Emergency Services Coordinator. In addition, Allman should have reviewed Barney’s behavior as alleged in the Cox lawsuit as well as demand to see the investigative report in the county council’s office for possible Penal Code violations.
Why should we not suspect Barney and his wife are continuing to recruit other deputies into their sex cult and that in the event of an emergency, the sheriff’s senior staffperson for emergency response will not be drunk?
http://www.mendocinocountry.com/independent/2...
MY THOUGHTS

Walnut Creek, CA

#7 Mar 19, 2010
CANT' THERE BE A OUTSIDE INVESTIGATION INTO THIS MATTER????MENDOCINO COUNTY IS A CESSPOOL OF EVERYTHING FROM DOPE, SATANIST, WITCHCRAFT, AND NOW SEX GROUP WITH THE SHERIFF DEPT. AS THE QUESTION GOES, WHAT GOOD CAN COME OUT OF COVELO? SOUNDS LIKE IT'S IN STEP WITH GOVERNMENT THAT IS IN OFFICE TODAY. IT WILL GET WORSE UNLESS PEOPLE ARE WILLING TO GET RID OF EVIL PEOPLE.
Friend

Covelo, CA

#8 Mar 19, 2010
Where is the Grand Jury? Isn't this something they can investigate?

The residents of Covelo want and deserve honest law enforcement. If half of the allegations presented in the article are true, Barney should be in jail, and Allman should be out of a job.
Hopland Flash

Sebastopol, CA

#9 Mar 20, 2010
Doesn't Jackson St Forest, CA, have a frigging HOBBY?
Grandmaster Allman

Jackson St Forest, CA

#10 Mar 20, 2010
MY THOUGHTS wrote:
CANT' THERE BE A OUTSIDE INVESTIGATION INTO THIS MATTER????MENDOCINO COUNTY IS A CESSPOOL OF EVERYTHING FROM DOPE, SATANIST, WITCHCRAFT, AND NOW SEX GROUP WITH THE SHERIFF DEPT. AS THE QUESTION GOES, WHAT GOOD CAN COME OUT OF COVELO? SOUNDS LIKE IT'S IN STEP WITH GOVERNMENT THAT IS IN OFFICE TODAY. IT WILL GET WORSE UNLESS PEOPLE ARE WILLING TO GET RID OF EVIL PEOPLE.
Don't forget that Tom Allman is the Former "Grandmaster" of the Willits Masonic Occult-
Grandmaster Allman

Jackson St Forest, CA

#11 Mar 20, 2010
Secret History of the Freemasons (Part 1 of 9)
Grandmaster Allman

Jackson St Forest, CA

#12 Mar 20, 2010
MENDOCINO FREEMASONS: WHO RUNS MENDOCINO?
ASK ANY OLD TIMER IN MENDOCINO “WHO RUNS THE COUNTY?”, MANY WHO WERE ALIVE IN THE TWENTIES WILL TELL YOU “IT’S THE FREEMASONS”, HERE IS A LITTLE INSIGHT ON THE FREEMASONS AND WHAT THEIR ORDER REPRESENTS, PLENTY OF JUDGES, POLICE AND SHERIFFS AS WELL AS MOST PAST COMMUNITY DECISION MAKERS AND MEN OF LOCAL POLITICAL POWER HAVE BEEN MEMBERS OF THE MASONIC ORDER IN MENDOCINO COUNTY, OUR CURRENT SHERIFF, TOM ALLMAN IS SELF DESCRIBED AS A “PAST GRANDMASTER” OF THE WILLITS MASONIC LODGE, WHAT DOES THIS MEAN FOR MENDOCINO?
HOW MANY LOCAL OFFICIALS ARE PART OF THESE ANCIENT “SECRET ORDERS”?
DECIDE FOR YOURSELVES! This statue sits atop of the Masonic Lodge (now the American Savings Bank) in the town of Mendocino Carved out of a single Redwood log on the beach below Mendocino, is a Masonic emblem, the broken pillar the maiden beside it, with the sprig in her hand, and old father Time toying with her tresses.”
&fe ature=related “The different styles of architecture are handsomely represented by pillars on the sides of the wall which seem to be sustaining the dome of the “starry heavens,” in which are represented two of the great lights of the Order. On the pinnacle of the dome there is a beautiful piece of sculpture carved from a block of the indigenous redwood. It represents the beautiful Masonic emblem, the broken pillar the maiden beside it, with the sprig in her hand, and old father Time toying with her tresses. The execution of the design is very perfect, and speaks volumes for the skill and ability of the workman who produced it. There it ever stands, visible to all who enter the town or pass through its streets, proclaiming in silent majesty, that grandest of all lessons which the teach­ings of this worthy fraternity seek to inculcate.”
From the book-
History of Mendocino County California – Alley, Bowen & Co., San Francisco, 1880
The Mendocino Masonic Temple
The secret order of the Freemasons has been around since the Knights Templar. Their main focus is on brotherhood and finding ways to help and better one another personally as well as in the community. Many communities in Mendocino County had their first court of law inside the local Masonic Temple. The Masonic Hall in Mendocino Town was built over a century ago in 1866, by Erik Albertson and John Gschwend. Eric Albertson is also responsible for sculpting the statue on top of the hall out of a giant Redwood trunk which he sculpted on Big River beach where he lived and died shortly after.On July 3, 1865, Eleven Mason’s assembled to formulate plans for organizing a lodge and on November 4,1865, they held their first meeting. Eric Albertson was named Worshipful master.On December 30, 1865, they voted to take steps in the building of the hall on a piece of land that was transferred to them by William Hesser and on January 27, 1866, they elected trustees to oversee the construction of the hall that had been proposed. On February 24, 1866, Eric Albertson was awarded a $1000 contract to build the lodge. So the lodge was built and on November 27, 1866, the lodge held its first chartered meeting.
JSF

Mill Valley, CA

#13 Mar 20, 2010
Wake Up Mendo wrote:
Sheriff Tony Craver had suddenly announced his retirement one year early in December, 2005 and Captain Broin had been appointed by county supervisors as interim sheriff after undersheriff Gary Hudson announced himself a candidate.
The version I heard was that Allman did not think he could beat Hudson in the election if Hudson was appointed interim Sheriff by the Supervisors. In the days leading up to the appointment of the interim Sheriff, Allman got Supervisors Wagenet, Watternberger, and Delbar to agree to appoint Broin instead of Hudson. It was a done deal before the meeting was even called to order, and many present already new what the outcome would be.
Grandmaster Allman

Jackson St Forest, CA

#14 Mar 20, 2010
The statue above the Masonic hall is the best known landmark in Mendocino and people come form all over to see it. To this day the true meaning of the statue is held secret by the Mason’s and give only this explanation:”The figures depicted are used by the Masons’ in their ritual work and thereby unknown to persons except Mason’s,” stated Wilber Wade (lodge master) in a LA Times article (3 Dec. 1989). Each part of the statue holds a certain meaning, for example, the broken column shown with father time and the weeping virgin standing over a book is symbolic of mourning. The statue consists of many elements which as one Mason put it, all he could say was that all parts of the statue together mean “time, patience, and perseverance will accomplish all things.”
“That statue really should not be there”, said Fran Lewis (an assistant grand secretary of the Grand Masonic Lodge of California) in the same LA Times article.“It should never have been done. Technically, according to our beliefs, it is something that should not be publicly displayed”
Grandmaster Allman

Jackson St Forest, CA

#15 Mar 20, 2010
Free and Accepted Masons.— Mendocino Lodge, No. 179, was organized under dispensation October, 1865, and the charter was granted in October, 1866. The officers under dispensation were : E. J. Albertson, W. M.; William Heeser, S. W. ; George R. Lowell, J. W.; R. G. Coombs, Treasurer ; G. Canning Smith, Secretary. The charter members were : E. J. Albertson, William Heeserer, George R. Lowell, F. B. Lowell, G. Canning Smith, J. Gschwind, S. Coombs, R. G. Coombs, I. Stevens, and William Booth. The first officers under the charter were: E. J. Albertson, W. M.; G. R. Lowell, S. W.; Alfred Nelson, Jr., J. W.; G. Hegenmeyer, Treasurer; and A. Chalfant, Secretary. The following named members have filled the position of W. M.: E. J. Albertson, George R. Lowell, A. Chalfant, Alfred Nelson Jr., B. A. Paddleford, Frank E. Warren, F. Hailing, and J. P. Lindberg. The present officers are : J. P. Lindberg, W. M.; C. O. Packard, S. W.; J. Grindle, J. W.; G. Hegenmeyer, Treasurer ; Frank E. Warren, Secretary.* The present membership is fifty-nine, and they have made one hundred and three members since the organization of the lodge. In 1866 an enterprise was put on foot by the members of this lodge by which they were enabled to build a fine hall for their use. A stock company was organized, and the shares of stock were sold for $100 each, which were readily disposed of to the required amount. These shares of stock were bought in from time to time by the lodge as money accumulated in the treasury, until at the present time it is all in the hands of the Order. The building cost $6,000 and is not fully completed yet. When all the projected plans for the building are fully carried to a successful issue, it will be one of the handsomest lodge”
The story of the broken column was first illustrated by Amos Doolittle in the “true Masonic Chart” by Jeremy Cross, published in 1819.
Other symbols in the Masonic system are more recent. Perhaps they are not the less important for that, even without the sanctity of age which surrounds many others.
Grandmaster Allman

Jackson St Forest, CA

#16 Mar 20, 2010
Among the newer symbols is that usually referred to as the broken column. A marble monument is respectably ancient – the broken column seems a more recent addition. There seems to be no doubt that the first pictured broken column appeared in Jeremy Cross’s True Masonic Chart, published in 1819, and that the illustration was the work of Amos Doolittle, an engraver, of Connecticut.
o invented printing from movable type? We give the credit to Gutenberg, but there are other claimants, among them the Chinese at an earlier date. Who invented the airplane? The Wrights first flew a “mechanical bird” but a thousand inventors have added to, altered, changed their original design, until the very principle which first enabled the Wrights to fly, the “warping wing”, is now discarded and never used.

Therefore, if authorities argue and contend about the marble monument and broken column it is not to make objection or take credit from Jeremy Cross; the thought is that almost any invention or discovery is improved, changed, added to and perfected by many men. Edison is credited with the first incandescent lamp, but there is small kinship between his carbon filament and a modern tungsten filament bulb. Roentgen was first to bring the “x-ray” to public notice-the discoverer would not know what a modern physician’s x-ray apparatus was if he saw it!

In the library of the Grand Lodge of Iowa in Cedar Rapids, is a book published in 1784; “A BRIEF HISTORY OF FREEMASONRY” by Thomas Johnson, at that time the Tiler of the Grand Lodge of England (the “Moderns”). In this book the author states that he was “taken the liberty to introduce a Design for a Monument in Honor of a Great Artist.” He then admits that there is no historical account of any such memorial but cites many precedents of “sumptuous Piles” which perpetuate the memories and preserve the merits of the historic dead, although such may have been buried in lands far from the monument or “perhaps in the depth of the Sea”.

In this somewhat fanciful and poetic description of this monument, the author mentions an urn, a laurel branch, a sun, a moon, a Bible, square and compasses, letter G. The book was first published in 1782, which seems proof that there was
at that time at least the idea of a monument erected to the Master Builder.
Grandmaster Allman

Jackson St Forest, CA

#17 Mar 20, 2010
There is little historical material upon which to draw to form any accurate conclusions. Men write of what has happened long after the happenings. Even when faithful to their memories, these may be, and often are, inaccurate. It is with this thought in mind that a curious statement in the Masonic newspaper, published in New York seventy-five years ago, must be considered. In the issue of May 10, 1879, a Robert B. Folger purports to give Cross’ account of his invention, or discovery, an inclusion, of the broken column into the marble monument emblem.
The account is long, rambling and at times not too clear. Abstracted, the salient parts are as follows. Cross found or sensed what he considered a deficiency in the Third Degree which had to be filled in order to effect his purposes. He consulted a former Mayor of New Haven, who at the time was one of his most intimate friends. Even after working together for a week, they did not hit upon any symbol which would be sufficiently simple and yet answer the purpose. Then a Copper-plate engraver, also a brother, was called in. The number of hieroglyphics which had be this time accumulated was immense. Some were too large, some too small, some too complicated, requiring too much explanation and many were not adapted to the subject.
Finally, the copper-plate engraver said,“Brother Cross, when great men die, they generally have a monument.”“That’s right!” cried Cross; “I never thought of that!” He visited the burying-ground in New Haven. At last he got an idea and told his friends that he had the foundation of what he wanted. He said that while in New York City he had seen a monument in the southwest corner of Trinity Church yard erected over Commodore Lawrence, a great man who fell in battle. It was a large marble pillar, broken off. The broken part had been taken away, but the capital was lying at the base. He wanted that pillar for the foundation of his new emblem, but intended to bring in the other part, leaving it resting against the base. This his friends assented to, but more was wanted. They felt that some inscription should be on the column. after a length discussion they decided upon an open book to be placed upon the broken pillar. There should of course be some reader of the book! Hence the emblem of innocence-a beautiful virgin-who should weep over the memory of the deceased while she read of his heroic deeds from the book before her.
Grandmaster Allman

Jackson St Forest, CA

#18 Mar 20, 2010
The monument erected to the memory of Commodore Lawrence was placed in the southwest corner of Trinity Churchyard in 1813, after the fight between the frigates
Chesapeake and Shannon, in which battle Lawrence fell. As described, it was a beautiful marble pillar, broken off, with a part of the capital laid at its base. lt remained until 1844-5 at which time Trinity Church was rebuilt. When finished, the corporation of the Church took away the old and dilapidated Lawrence monument and erected a new one in a different form, placing it in the front of the yard on Broadway, at the lower entrance of the Church. When Cross visited the new monument, he expressed great disappointment at the change, saying “it was not half as good as the one they took away!”
These claims of Cross-perhaps made for Cross-to having originated the emblem are disputed. Oliver speaks of a monument but fails to assign an American origin. In the Barney ritual of 1817, formerly in the possession of Samuel Wilson of Vermont, there is the marble column, the beautiful virgin weeping, the open book, the sprig of acacia, the urn, and Time standing behind. What is here lacking is the broken column. Thus it appears that the present emblem, except the broken column, was in use prior to the publication of Cross’ work (1819).
The emblem in somewhat different form is frequently found in ancient symbolism. Mackey states that with the Jews a column was often used to symbolize princes, rulers or nobles. A broken column denoted that a pillar of the state had fallen. In Egyptian mythology, Isis is sometimes pictured weeping over the broken column which conceals the body of her husband Osiris, while behind her stands Horus or Time pouring ambrosia on her hair. In Hasting’s ENCYCLOPEDIA OF RELIGION AND ETHICS, Isis is said sometimes to be represented standing; in her right hand is a sistrum, in her left hand a small ewer and on her forehead is a lotus, emblem of resurrection. In the Dionysaic Mysteries, Dionysius is represented as slain; Rhea goes in search of the body. She finds it and causes it to be buried. She is sometimes represented as standing by a column holding in her hand a sprig of wheat, emblem of immortality; since, though it be placed in the ground and die, it springs up again into newness of life. She was the wife of Kronus or Time, who may fittingly be represented as standing behind her.
Whoever invented the emblem or symbol of the marble monument, the broken column, the beautiful virgin, the book, the urn, the acacia, Father Time counting the ringlets of hair, could not have thought through all the implications of this attempt-doubtless made in all reverence-to add to the dignity and impressiveness of the story of the Master Builder.
The urn in which “ashes were safely deposited” is pure invention. Cremation was not practiced by the Twelve Tribes; it was not the method of disposing of the dead in the land and at the time of the building of the Temple. rather was the burning of the dead body reserved as a dreadful fate for the corpses of criminals and evil doers. That so great a man as “the widow’s son, of the tribe of Naphtali” should have been cremated is unthinkable. The Bible is silent on the subject; it does not mention Hiram the Builder’s death, still less the disposal of the body, but the whole tone of the Old Testament in description of funerals and mournings, make it impossible to believe that his body was burned, or that his ashes might have been preserved.
Grandmaster Allman

Jackson St Forest, CA

#19 Mar 20, 2010
The Israelites did not embalm their dead; burial was accomplished on the day of death or, at the longest wait, on the day following. According to the legend, the Master Builder was disinterred from the first or temporary grave and reinterred with honor. That is indeed, a supposable happening; that his body was raised only to be cremated is wholly out of keeping with everything known of deaths, funeral ceremonies, disposal of the dead of the Israelites.
In the ritual which describes the broken column monument, before the figure of the virgin is “a book, open before her.” Here again invention and knowledge did not go hand in hand. There were no books at the time of the building of the Temple, as moderns understand the word. there were rolls of skins, but a bound book of leaves made of any substance-vellum, papyrus, skins-was an unknown object. Therefore there could have been no such volume in which the virtues of the Master Builder were recorded.
No logical reason has been advanced why the woman who mourned and read in the book was a “beautiful virgin.” No scriptural account tells of the Master Builder having wife or daughter or any female relative except his mother. The Israelites reverenced womanhood and appreciated virginity, but they were just as reverent over mother and
child. Indeed, the bearing of children, the increase of the tribe, the desire for sons, was strong in the Twelve Tribes; why, then, the accent upon the virginity of the woman in the monument?“Time standing behind her, unfolding and counting the ringlets of her hair” is dramatic, but also out of character for the times.“Father Time” with his scythe is probably a descendant of the Greek Chromos, who carried a sickle or reaping hook, but the Israelites had no contact with Greece. It may have been natural for whoever invented the marble monument emblem to conclude that Time was both a world-wide and a time immemorial symbolic figure, but it could not have been so at the era in which Solomon’s Temple was built.
Grandmaster Allman

Jackson St Forest, CA

#20 Mar 20, 2010
It evidently did not occur to the originators of this emblem that it was historically impossible. Yet the Israelites did not erect monuments to their dead. In the singular, the word “monument” does not occur in the Bible; as “monuments” it is mentioned once, in Isaiah 65 –“A people…which remain among the graves and lodge in the monuments.” In the Revised Version this is translated “who sit in tombs and spend the night in secret places.” The emphasis is apparently upon some form of worship of the dead (necromancy). The Standard Bible Dictionary says that the word “monument” in the general sense of a simple memorial does not appear in Biblical usage.

Oliver Day Street in “SYMBOLISM OF THE THREE DEGREES” says that the urn was an ancient sign of mourning, carried in funeral processions to catch the tears of those who grieved. But the word “urn” does not occur in the Old Testament nor the New.
Freemasonry is old. It came to us as a slow, gradual evolution of the thoughts, ideas, beliefs, teachings, idealism of many men through many years. It tells a simple story-a story profound in its meaning, which therefore must be simple, as all great truths in the last analysis are simple.
The marble monument and the broken column have many parts. Many of these have the aroma of age. Their weaving together into one symbol may be-probably is-a modernism, if that term can cover a period of nearly two hundred years. but the importance of a great life, his skill and knowledge; his untimely and pitiful death is not a modernism.

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