The scheduled castes and scheduled tribes - the exploited backward castes - have reservation going for them in education and jobs in government institutions as a way of bringing them on par with the progressive sections of society. Total seats reservation is around half the number and so seats available for general category candidates is half and the teeming popluation makes the competition severe. So, with such a big chunk of seats being gifted away at far lower qualifying standards to poorly educated and often to intellectually deficient students merit takes a backseat on the whole and the candidates admitted to these national institutions on the basis of reservation usually fail to graduate on their own steam and here too have to be gifted grace marks to make their academic record look acceptable. Those who've been given jobs on the basis of caste-based reservation underperform and drag the standards down.<quoted text>
What is the quality of the education available to the lower socio-economic classes so that they may pass the entrance exams?
If at all the government wishes to serve the exploited backward castes, a parallel system of education and employment should be opened up to cater to their special needs and as such valuable seats in prestigious universities and companies would be thrown open to the public on the strict criterion of merit.
Quality of education?
Pathetic in most cases at the high school and university level except in some private schools and universities like the IIT. More on this later.