Politics, some contend, were the main reason for uprooting the Blacks of Hamburg, and it was reported that all in the town voted Republican. The attack may have served as a message to Southern Republicans that the cost for democracy or any affront to the ruling party in the state meant expulsion, or death.
Despite evidence showing otherwise, none of the mob members in the attack faced criminal charges.
R.J. Butler, one of the men in the carriage, filed a formal complaint against Adams and his men and demanded they surrender their arms. During the appointed court date that would have heard testimony from Butler and Adams, hundreds of armed White men swarmed in to the town on July 8th to demand their brand of justice. Adams asked the local justice for protection ahead of the hearing, but was not supported. Consequently, Adams took his small group of men, who made a stand at the city’s armory.