Nicolaus Copernicus

Feb 19, 2013 Full story: BIO 15

32-year old supermarket clerk Diana Haun thinks she's met her soul mate in co-worker Michael Dally when the two start a steamy affair.

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“Been to Polakia...”

Since: Dec 08

Location hidden

#1 Feb 20, 2013
"32-year old supermarket clerk Diana Haun thinks she's met her soul mate in co-worker Michael Dally when the two start a steamy affair"

WTF?
Monika

San Francisco, CA

#2 Feb 20, 2013
Beautiful story..Thanks for sharing.

“When I Rest... I Rust ”

Since: Apr 07

SacTown

#3 Feb 24, 2013
Atasas wrote:
"32-year old supermarket clerk Diana Haun thinks she's met her soul mate in co-worker Michael Dally when the two start a steamy affair"
WTF?
This seems to be one of the drawbacks associated with Topix's robotic editor(roboblogger). Unlike it's human editor counterpart, "roboblogger" apparently only scans news titles, without the ability to detect whether or not the news source actually matches the title.

Their(Topix) loss.
Lois Strand

San Francisco, CA

#4 Feb 28, 2013
Nicolaus is a great guy. Good luck Diana!
Small Town America UGX

Atlantic City, NJ

#5 Feb 28, 2013
Manny Gt wrote:
<quoted text>
This seems to be one of the drawbacks associated with Topix's robotic editor(roboblogger). Unlike it's human editor counterpart, "roboblogger" apparently only scans news titles, without the ability to detect whether or not the news source actually matches the title.
Their(Topix) loss.
In the past, on the Russian forum, there were two editors, both anti-American, who brought their peronal beliefs into their position. One was a communist, the other was a rabid pro-Putin supporter and anti-West. They would delete posts and entire threads.
The best thing for topix, is roboblogger. No personal influences at all.
WTF

San Francisco, CA

#6 Feb 28, 2013
WTF?
Small Town America UGX

Atlantic City, NJ

#8 Feb 28, 2013
WTF wrote:
WTF?
I was wondering when you would show up Sunshine. Up for the late shift, huh!!
I am sure you remember Stephany McDowell (quite well, I am sure) as well as the commie you recently inquired about a few months ago. You know, the last editor on the Russian forum.

By the way your location in Oakland is another boo boo.
But it is late, so I will turn over the forum to you and your honey, Limpy Blimpy. haha
Anonymous

Brewster, NY

#9 Feb 28, 2013
Small Town America UGX wrote:
<quoted text>
I was wondering when you would show up Sunshine. Up for the late shift, huh!!
I am sure you remember Stephany McDowell (quite well, I am sure) as well as the commie you recently inquired about a few months ago. You know, the last editor on the Russian forum.
By the way your location in Oakland is another boo boo.
But it is late, so I will turn over the forum to you and your honey, Limpy Blimpy. haha
Shut the f*ck up.... Stop spamming useless crap on a thread dedicated to the great Copernicus.
Small Town America UGX

Atlantic City, NJ

#10 Feb 28, 2013
But all those Oakland, California ISP locations are from your honey Sunshine. She sure made up a few nicks, huh! But at least now, you and your sweetie pie Sunshine have another thing in common.
Don't forget your vibrator, O.K.?
Anonymous

Brewster, NY

#11 Feb 28, 2013
Small Town America UGX wrote:
But all those Oakland, California ISP locations are from your honey Sunshine. She sure made up a few nicks, huh! But at least now, you and your sweetie pie Sunshine have another thing in common.
Don't forget your vibrator, O.K.?
A little respect for Copernicus please rather than your rabid ape spasms!?

Is this too much of a human thing to ask for a lower form of chimp like life like yourself!?
WTF

San Francisco, CA

#12 Mar 1, 2013
Small Town America UGX wrote:
<quoted text>
I was wondering when you would show up Sunshine. Up for the late shift, huh!!
I am sure you remember Stephany McDowell (quite well, I am sure) as well as the commie you recently inquired about a few months ago. You know, the last editor on the Russian forum.
By the way your location in Oakland is another boo boo.
But it is late, so I will turn over the forum to you and your honey, Limpy Blimpy. haha
Who the hell is Sunshine?
AbeUG

Raritan, NJ

#13 Mar 1, 2013
Some background on Copernicus

Nicolaus Copernicus was born on 19 February 1473 in the city of Toru&#324; (Thorn), in the province of Royal Prussia, in the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland.[3][4] His father was a merchant from Kraków and his mother was the daughter of a wealthy Toru&#324; merchant. Nicolaus was the youngest of four children. His brother Andreas (Andrew) became an Augustinian canon at Frombork (Frauenburg). His sister Barbara, named after her mother, became a Benedictine nun and, in her final years (she died after 1517), prioress of a convent in Che&#322;mno (Kulm). His sister Katharina married the businessman and Toru&#324; city councilor Barthel Gertner and left five children, whom Copernicus looked after to the end of his life.[5] Copernicus never married or had children.[6]
Father's family

The father’s family can be traced to a village in Silesia near Nysa (Neiße). The village's name has been variously spelled Kopernik,[7] Köppernig, Köppernick, and today Koperniki. In the 14th century, members of the family began moving to various other Silesian cities, to the Polish capital, Kraków (Cracow, 1367), and to Toru&#324; (1400). The father, likely the son of Jan, came from the Kraków line.[8]

Nicolaus was named after his father, who appears in records for the first time as a well-to-do merchant who dealt in copper, selling it mostly in Danzig (Gda&#324;sk).[9][10] He moved from Kraków to Toru&#324; around 1458.[11] Toru&#324;, situated on the Vistula River, was at that time embroiled in the Thirteen Years' War (1454–66), in which the Kingdom of Poland and the Prussian Confederation, an alliance of Prussian cities, gentry and clergy, fought the Teutonic Order over control of the region. In this war Hanseatic cities like Danzig and Toru&#324;, the hometown of Nicolaus Copernicus, chose to support the Polish king, who promised to respect the cities' traditional vast independence, which the Teutonic Order had challenged.
Nicolaus' father was actively engaged in the politics of the day and supported Poland and the cities against the Teutonic Order.[12] In 1454 he mediated negotiations between Poland’s Cardinal Zbigniew Ole&#347;nicki and the Prussian cities for repayment of war loans. In the Second Peace of Thorn (1466), the Teutonic Order formally relinquished all claims to its western provinces, which as Royal Prussia remained a region of Poland for the next 300 years.

The father married Barbara Watzenrode, the astronomer's mother, between 1461 and 1464. He died sometime between 1483 and 1485. Upon the father’s death, young Nicolaus’ maternal uncle, Lucas Watzenrode the Younger (1447–1512), took the boy under his protection and saw to his education and career.
AbeUG

Raritan, NJ

#14 Mar 1, 2013
Mother’s family

Nicolaus’ mother, Barbara Watzenrode, was the daughter of Lucas Watzenrode the Elder and his wife Katherine (née Modlibóg).[13][14][15] Not much is known about her life, but she is believed to have died when Nicolaus was a small boy. The Watzenrodes had come from the Schweidnitz (&#346;widnica) region of Silesia and had settled in Toru&#324; after 1360, becoming prominent members of the city’s patrician class.[16] Through the Watzenrodes' extensive family relationships by marriage, they were related to wealthy families of Toru&#324;, Danzig and Elbl&#261;g (Elbing), and to the prominent Czapski, Dzia&#322;y&#324;ski, Konopacki and Ko&#347;cielecki noble families.[17]

The Modlibógs (literally, in Polish, "Pray to God") were a prominent Polish family who had been well known in Poland's history since 1271.[15] Lucas and Katherine had three children: Lucas Watzenrode the Younger, who would become Copernicus' patron; Barbara, the astronomer's mother; and Christina, who in 1459 married the merchant and mayor of Toru&#324;, Tiedeman von Allen.

Lucas Watzenrode the Elder was well regarded in Toru&#324; as a devout man and honest merchant, and he was active politically. He was a decided opponent of the Teutonic Knights and an ally of Polish King Casimir IV Jagiellon.[18] In 1453 he was the delegate from Toru&#324; at the Grudzi&#261;dz (Graudenz) conference that planned to ally the cities of the Prussian Confederation with Casimir IV in their subsequent war against the Teutonic Knights.[5] During the Thirteen Years' War that ensued the following year, he actively supported the war effort with substantial monetary subsidies, with political activity in Toru&#324; and Danzig, and by personally fighting in battles at &#321;asin (Lessen) and Malbork (Marienburg).[19] He died in 1462.
Lucas Watzenrode the Younger, the astronomer's maternal uncle and patron, was educated at the University of Kraków (now Jagiellonian University) and at the universities of Cologne and Bologna.

He was a bitter opponent of the Teutonic Order,[20][21] and its Grand Master once referred to him as "the devil incarnate".[22] In 1489 Watzenrode was elected Bishop of Warmia (Ermeland, Ermland) against the preference of King Casimir IV, who had hoped to install his own son in that seat. As a result, Watzenrode quarreled with the king until Casimir IV’s death three years later.[23] Watzenrode was then able to form close relations with three successive Polish monarchs: John I Albert, Alexander Jagiellon, and Sigismund I the Old. He was a friend and key advisor to each ruler, and his influence greatly strengthened the ties between Warmia and Poland proper.[24][25] Watzenrode came to be considered the most powerful man in Warmia, and his wealth, connections and influence allowed him to secure Copernicus’ education and career as a canon at Frombork Cathedral.
AbeUG

Raritan, NJ

#15 Mar 1, 2013
*Through the Watzenrodes' extensive family relationships by marriage, they were related to wealthy families of Toru&#324;, Danzig and Elbl&#261;g (Elbing), and to the prominent Czapski, Dzialynski, Konopacki, and Koscielecki noble families. The Modlibogs (literally, in Polish,“Pray to God”) were a prominent Polish family who had been well knowin in Poland’s history since 1271.*

“When I Rest... I Rust ”

Since: Apr 07

SacTown

#16 Mar 2, 2013
Small Town America UGX wrote:
In the past, on the Russian forum, there were two editors, both anti-American, who brought their peronal beliefs into their position. One was a communist, the other was a rabid pro-Putin supporter and anti-West. They would delete posts and entire threads.
The best thing for topix, is roboblogger. No personal influences at all.
Topix editors are "volunteers", they are not given the ability to delete posts or entire threads. The only personal influences they have, besides posting to the forums like everyone else, are writing summaries to news stories (which roboblogger cannot do), or killing news stories for various reasons including redundancy or being off topic (which again roboblogger does not do).

Topix gives everyone the right to complain about a particular post or thread, but it is only the "moderators" that are able to delete posts and entire threads; based on compliance with the Terms of Service :)

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