Could be correlation more than causation. In that one who does more than one technique is more motivated in the first place to quit smoking.<quoted text>
Actually there are loads of data indicating that mindfullness meditation leads to pain relief (for the reasons I mentioned before).
Also a new meta-study came out this week regarding smoking cessation. Looked at accupuncture, meditation (several types), nicotine patch, and hypnosis. They found that none of these techniques alone had any higher level of cessation than control, HOWEVER, those that did 2 or more techniques together DID have a higher level of cessation.
What I find interesting is that normally even in drug studies, they rarely consider synergy. Yet this study did and had findings.... makes us wonder about our normal drug trial model...
Also I do believe in the mind over matter thing, as in biofeedback. Mind control in general more so than meditation per se (or it's one and the same). One can lower his heartbeat, b/p etc so I would think it could work for pain control as well. Last 2 filling repairs, I skipped the Novocain..(Tough guy!:)) Not really.
Synergy works with some drug combos. One can drug can "potentiate" the effect of another. Some accidental overdoses are due to these interactions. And some benefits, pain control etc