Yes, their culture was quickly annihilated. In Mexico, the vast majority of indigenous Mexicans were taken into slavery to work in the underground gold snd silver mines.....the riches sent back to Europe. That included woman and children because they were smaller and could balance themselves on the ledges or crawl into crevices. Some of these slaves were born in the mines and lived there until death.<quoted text>
Native American Indians were healthy and disease free until the white man arrived and gave them STDs and various other things.
That doesn't even speak to when the white man deliberately infected them with smallpox.
I admire Spanish Mexicans for being open about the ugly past in a way that's unique compared to Canadans or Americans in general, where we tend to focus the beginning of North America only when Europeans arrived.
I was reading not long ago that many of the irritation ditches still used today in Arizona were already there when the first settlers arrived, created by the natives to make use of the land hundreds of years before them.
In case anyone gets the wrong idea, I'm not an advcate of land claims. I just think their history and their culture should be recognized and honoured far more than it is.