Civil Rights Movement Turned on Collaboration Between LBJ and MLK<quoted text>
Well, that Nixon doesn't align very well with this Nixon.
In 1952 and 1956, a majority of blacks backed the Republican Party. After the landmark 1954 decision in Brown v. Board of Education was handed down, Eisenhower ordered desegregation of the Washington DC public schools. In 1957 and 1959, Eisenhower proposed strong civil rights bills to enforce the long-neglected 15th Amendment and give Southern blacks the right to vote. Senate Southern Democrats filibustered the bills. When the Southerners demanded that violators of the new civil rights bill have the right to jury trials (before all-white Southern juries), Democratic senator John F. Kennedy voted with the South, while Republican vice president Richard Nixon broke a tie in the Senate to kill the Southern amendment.
The Nixon years witnessed the first large-scale integration of public schools in the South. Nixon sought a middle way between the segregationist Wallace and liberal Democrats whose support of integration was alienating some Southern whites. By September 1970, less than ten percent of black children were attending segregated schools. By 1971, however, tensions over desegregation surfaced with protests over the busing of children to schools outside their neighborhood to achieve racial balance. Nixon opposed busing personally but enforced court orders requiring its use.
In addition to desegregating public schools, Nixon implemented the Philadelphia Plan in 1970 — the first significant federal affirmative action program. He also endorsed the Equal Rights Amendment after it passed both houses of Congress in 1972 and went to the states for ratification. Nixon also appointed more women to administration positions than Lyndon Johnson had.
What you accuse Nixon and, by mere association, all Republicans of doing in the South doesn't add up.
In a critical phone call on King’s birthday in 1965, Johnson advised King to hammer on examples of outrageous discrimination in his speeches, such as requirements that blacks be able to recite passages of the U.S. Constitution before being allowed to register, a feat Johnson doubted any white voters would believe they could perform. King suggested to Johnson that the South could retain its Democratic Party affiliation, recently shaken by the 1964 election in which the Deep South states went for Barry Goldwater, the Republican candidate, if a coalition of blacks and moderate whites could be united over the racial integration agenda.
“In effect they are conspiring together,” Kotz said after the tape was played.“There is so much enthusiasm. After this conversation, King is building pressure in Selma, Alabama, to create very specific situations that will create change” in the segregated South.
and we all know what MLK had to say about Goldwater.