On This Day in History

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#170 Oct 12, 2012
1609 - The song "Three Blind Mice" was published in London; it was believed to be the earliest printed secular song.

1810 - The Bavarian royalty invited the citizens of Munich to attend the festivities, held for Bavarian Crown Prince Ludwig's (later King Ludwig I of Bavaria) wedding to Princess Therese of Saxony-Hildburghausen. The decision to repeat the festivities in the subsequent year gave rise to the tradition of the annual Oktoberfest.

1971 - "Jesus Christ Superstar," the rock opera by Andrew Lloyd Webber and Tim Rice, opened at the Mark Hellinger Theater on Broadway.

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#171 Oct 15, 2012
1860 - Grace Bedell, 11 years old, wrote a letter to presidential candidate Abraham Lincoln. The letter stated that Lincoln would look better if he would grow a beard.

1962 - The Cuban Missile Crisis began.

1997 - The Cassini-Huygens mission was launched from Cape Canaveral, FL. On January 14, 2005, a probe sent back pictures of Saturn's moon Titan during and after landing.

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#172 Oct 16, 2012
1846 - Ether was first used in an operation, at the Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston.

1916 - Margaret Sanger opened the first birth control clinic, in New York City.

1987 - Jessica McClure, 18 months old, was trapped in an abandoned well in Midland, Texas, but rescued after 58.5 hours.

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#173 Oct 17, 2012
1931 - Mobster Al Capone was convicted of income tax evasion and sentenced to 11 years in prison.

1979 - Mother Teresa was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.

1989 - An earthquake measuring 7.1 on the Richter scale struck northern California, killing 67 people and causing $7 billion worth of damage. It was witnessed on live television by millions of people who were watching the third game of the World Series of baseball, being played in San Francisco.

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#174 Oct 18, 2012
1867: The United States takes possession of Alaska after purchasing it from Russia for $7.2 million.

1967: Walt Disney's animated movie "The Jungle Book" premieres in Los Angeles.

1987: Actor and singer Zac Efron is born in San Luis Obispo, Calif.

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#175 Oct 19, 2012
1983- The Senate votes to approve a bill establishing MLK Day.

1987: In what will become known as "Black Monday," the Dow Jones industrial average falls by 22 percent, dropping by 508 points to 1738.74.

2003: Mother Teresa is beatified by Pope John Paul II, giving her the title "Blessed Teresa of Calcutta."

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#176 Oct 22, 2012
1962 - President Kennedy went on radio and television to inform the United States about his order to send U.S. forces to blockade Cuba. The blockade was in response to the discovery of Soviet missile bases on the island.

1975 - Air Force Technical Sergeant Leonard Matlovich was discharged after publicly declaring his homosexuality. His tombstone reads " "A gay Vietnam Veteran. When I was in the military they gave me a medal for killing two men and a discharge for loving one."

2010 - The Internation Space Station set the record (3641 days) for the longest continuous human occupation of space. It had been continously inhabited since November 2, 2000.

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#177 Oct 23, 2012
42 B.C.- Marcus Junius Brutus committed suicide after his defeat at the Battle of Philippi. He was a leading conspirator in the assassination of Julius Caesar.

1910 - Blanche S. Scott became the first woman to make a public solo airplane flight in the United States.

1929 - The Dow Jones Industrial Average plunged; starting the stock-market crash that began the Great Depression.

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#178 Oct 24, 2012
1861 - The first transcontinental telegraph message was sent by Justice Stephen J. Field of California to President Abraham Lincoln. This put the Pony Express out of business.

1939 - Nylon stockings went on sale, in Wilmington, Delaware.

1962 - During the Cuban Missile Crisis, U.S. military forces went to DEFCON 2, the highest military alert ever reached in the postwar era, as military commanders prepared for full-scale war with the Soviet Union.

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#179 Oct 25, 2012
1854 - The "Charge of the Light Brigade" took place during the Crimean War; Lord James Cardigan led a charge of light cavalry over open terrain against well-defended Russian artillery at Balaclava.

1972 - The first women to become FBI agents completed training: Susan L. Roley and Joanne E. Pierce.

2001 - Microsoft Corporation releases its new computer operating system to the public, Windows XP.

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#180 Oct 26, 2012
1881 - Wyatt Earp, his brothers, and professional killer Doc Holliday challenged the Clanton gang and the McLowerys to the legendary Gunfight at the O.K. Corral. The McLowerys and one of the Clantons were killed.

1955 - The U.S. Air Force officially proclaimed that there were no such things as flying saucers.

1977 - The experimental space shuttle Enterprise landed at Edwards Air Force Base in California.

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#181 Oct 29, 2012
1863 - International Red Cross was founded by Swiss philanthropist Henri Dunant.

1969 - The Internet was created when the first connection was made between computers at UCLA and the Stanford Research Institute. That connection, ARPANET, was the precursor to the Internet developed by the Department of Defense.

2004 - Osama bin Laden, in a videotaped statement, directly admitted for the first time that he'd ordered the Sept. 11 attacks on the U.S.

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#182 Oct 31, 2012
1517 - Martin Luther posted the "95 Theses" on the door of the Wittenberg Palace church in Germany, starting the Protestant Reformation.

1941 - Mount Rushmore National Memorial was completed after 14 years.

1992 - Vatican formally rehabilitated Galileo Galilei, who was forced by the Inquisition in 1633 to recant his assertion that the Earth orbits the Sun.

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#183 Oct 31, 2012
On this day I'd like to start a petition to name the superstorm that hit NJ 'Voldemort'.

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#184 Nov 1, 2012
1512: The ceiling of the Vatican's Sistine Chapel, painted by Michelangelo, is exhibited to the public for the first time.

1982: Honda becomes the first Asian automobile company to produce cars in the United States with the automaker's new factory in Marysville, Ohio, rolling out its first Honda Accord.

1993: The Maastricht Treaty takes effect, formally establishing the European Union and leading to the creation of the single European currency, the euro.

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#185 Nov 2, 2012
1930 - Ras Tafari, King of Ethiopia, was crowned emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia.

1947 - Howard Hughes proved the airworthiness of the Spruce Goose, but the aircraft never flew again. It was designed to take 700 men to war, but the war ended before the plane was completed.

2000 - The first crew arrives at the International Space Station.

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#186 Nov 12, 2012
1859 - Jules Léotard, the daring young Frenchman on the flying trapeze, made his debut at the Cirque Napoléon.

1920 - Judge Kenesaw Mountain Landis was elected the first commissioner of Major League Baseball.

2004 - A jury in Redwood City, CA. convicted Scott Peterson of murdering his pregnant wife, Laci, and dumping her body into the San Francisco Bay.

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#187 Nov 13, 2012
1835 - Texans officially proclaimed independence from Mexico and called it the Lone Star Republic.

1940 - "Fantasia" premiered in New York.

1998 - President Bill Clinton agreed to pay Paula Jones $850,000 -- with no apology or admission of guilt -- to settle her sexual harassment suit.

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#188 Nov 14, 2012
1666 - First blood transfusion took place; it was performed by Dr. Croone in England.

1851 - Herman Melville's novel "Moby Dick" was first published in the United States.

1889 - Newspaper reporter Nellie Bly set off to attempt to break Jules Verne's imaginary hero Phileas Fogg's record of voyaging around the world in 80 days. She beat the record, needing just over 72 days for the trip.

1922 - The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) began its first radio broadcasts.

1968 - Yale University announced that it will become co-ed.

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#189 Nov 15, 2012
1777 - The Continental Congress approved the Articles of Confederation, a precursor to the Constitution of the United States of America, after 16 months of debate.

1922 - Dr. Alexis Carrel reported the discovery of white corpuscles.

1960 - The first submarine with nuclear missiles, USS George Washington, went to sea.

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