On This Day in History

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#149 Sep 12, 2012
1953 - Senator John Fitzgerald Kennedy wed Jacqueline Bouvier at St. Mary's Church in Newport, Rhode Island.

1992 - Space shuttle Endeavour blasted off; it carried Mark Lee and Jan Davis, the first married couple in space, and Mae Carol Jemison, the first black woman in space.

2005 - Hong Kong Disneyland opens in Penny's Bay, Lantau Island, Hong Kong.

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#150 Sep 13, 2012
122 - Building of Hadrian's Wall began.

1971 - The four-day revolt at the maximum-security Attica Correctional Facility near Buffalo, New York, came to end when 1,500 state police and National Guardsmen stormed the complex.

1976 - "The Muppet Show" premiered.

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#151 Sep 14, 2012
1741 - George Friedrich Handel completed "Messiah."

1814 - Francis Scott Key was inspired to write a poem, "The Star-Spangled Banner" when he witnesses an attack on Baltimore by a British fleet and the bombing of Fort McHenry. It later became the national anthem of the United States.

1999- Walt Disney World closes for the first time in its history as preparations for a direct hit from Hurricane Floyd were made.

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#152 Sep 17, 2012
1963 - "The Fugitive" debuted on TV.

1964 - TV show "Bewitched" premiered.

1967 - "Mission Impossible" premiered on television.

1972 - "M*A*S*H" premiered on TV.

1976 - NASA unveiled the first space shuttle, the Enterprise, in Palmdale, California.

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#153 Sep 18, 2012
1793 - President George Washington laid the cornerstone for the U.S. Capitol.

1870: The Old Faithful Geyser is observed and named by Henry D. Washburn during the Washburn-Langford-Doane Expedition to Yellowstone.

1983: The members of rock band Kiss officially appear in public without makeup for the first time during an appearance on MTV, which coincided with the release of the band's new album, "Lick It Up."

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#154 Sep 19, 2012
1796 - George Washington issued his farewell address as U.S. President.

1934 - Bruno Hauptmann was arrested in New York and charged with the kidnap-murder of Charles Lindbergh's baby.

1985 - Mexico City was struck by the first of two huge earthquakes that claimed more than 10,000 lives.

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#155 Sep 20, 2012
1873 - "Black Friday," occurred; it was the first time the New York Stock Exchange was forced to close because of a banking crisis.

1952 - Scientists confirmed that DNA holds hereditary data.

1973 - Billie Jean King defeated Bobby Riggs in the nationally televised "Battle of the Sexes" tennis match, in three straight sets.

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#156 Sep 21, 2012
1810 - Oktoberfest festival began in West Germany with a horse race in honor of the marriage of Crown Prince Ludwig of Bavaria to Princess Therese.

1970 - "NFL Monday Night Football" made its debut with a game between the New York Jets and Cleveland Browns.

1999 - Google launched its search engine.

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#157 Sep 24, 2012
1906 - President Theodore Roosevelt signed a bill designating Devils Tower in the Black Hills of Wyoming as the country's first National Monument.

1960 - USS Enterprise, the first nuclear-powered aircraft carrier, was launched at Newport News, Virginia.

1998 - The new, harder-to-counterfeit $20 bill was introduced.

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#158 Sep 25, 2012
1676 - Greenwich Mean Time began when two very accurate clocks are set in motion at the Royal Observatory at Greenwich, England. Greenwich Mean Time, now known as Universal Time, became the standard for the world in 1884.

1926 - Henry Ford of the Ford Motor Company announced the 8-hour, 5-day work week.

1957 - U.S. Army troops escorted nine black children to their classes at Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas. Until the arrival of federal troops, riots and violence had prevented desegregation of the public school.

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#159 Sep 26, 2012
1908 - In "The Saturday Evening Post" an ad for the Edison Phonograph appeared.

1960 - The first televised debate between presidential candidates Richard M. Nixon and John F. Kennedy took place in Chicago, IL.

1985 - Shamu was born at Sea World in Orlando, FL. Shamu was the first killer whale to survive being born in captivity.

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#160 Sep 27, 2012
1779 - John Adams was elected to negotiate with the British over the American Revolutionary War peace terms.

1894 - The Aqueduct Race Track opened in New York City, NY.

1989 - Two men went over the 176-foot-high Niagara Falls in a barrel. Jeffrey Petkovich and Peter Debernardi were the first to ever survive the Horshoe Falls.

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#161 Sep 28, 2012
1850 - The U.S. Navy abolished flogging as a form of punishment.

1997 - The official debut of the DVD format.

2009 - The iTunes Music Store reached 2 billion applications downloaded.

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#163 Oct 3, 2012
1678 - The Taj Mahal, an architectural masterpiece, was completed after 22 years' work.

1863 - President Abraham Lincoln declared the last Thursday in November to be Thanksgiving.

1955 - "Captain Kangaroo" and "The Mickey Mouse Club" premiered on television.

1995 - O.J. Simpson, a former professional football star, was acquitted of the 1994 murder of his former wife, Nicole Brown Simpson, and her friend, Ronald L. Goldman, in Los Angeles.

2003 - Roy Horn, of the famed illusionist duo Siegfried and Roy, was mauled by a tiger during a performance in Las Vegas.

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#164 Oct 4, 2012
1905 - Orville Wright became the first to fly an aircraft for over 33 minutes.

1957 - The Soviet Union launched Sputnik 1, the first man made satellite, officially beginning the Space Age.

1965 - Pope Paul VI arrived at Kennedy International Airport in New York City on the first visit by a pope to the United States.

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#165 Oct 5, 2012
1880 - First ballpoint pen with its own ink supply and retractable tip was patented by Alonzo T. Cross.

1969 - A Cuban defector entered U.S. airspace undetected and landed a MIG-17 at an Air Force base near Miami, Florida.

1989 - A jury in Charlotte, North Carolina, convicted former PTL evangelist Jim Bakker of using his television show to defraud followers.

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#166 Oct 8, 2012
1871 - The Great Chicago Fire started after a cow reportedly kicked over a lantern in the barn of Mrs. O'Leary. Damage was estimated at $200 million, 90,000 Chicagoans were made homeless, and at least 300 people died.

1912 - The First Balkan War (against Turkey) began -- from which World War I arose.

1934 - Bruno Hauptmann was indicted for murder in the death of the infant son of Charles A. Lindbergh.

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#167 Oct 9, 2012
28 B.C.E.- The Temple of Apollo was dedicated on the Palatine Hill in Rome.

1888 - The public was first admitted to the Washington Monument, designed by Robert Mills.

1930 - Aviator Laura Ingalls landed in Glendale, California, in her Moth biplane, thus completing the first solo transcontinental flight by a woman.

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#168 Oct 10, 2012
1865 - John Hyatt patented the celluloid billiard ball.

1886 - The dinner jacket made its U.S. debut at a ball in Tuxedo Park, New York. It was named tuxedo, after its venue. Griswold Lorillard designed it.

1957 - "Zorro" premiered on television.

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#169 Oct 11, 2012
1939 - Albert Einstein sent a letter to President Franklin D. Roosevelt, arguing the scientific feasibility of atomic weapons and urging the rapid development of a U.S. atomic program.

1975 - "Saturday Night Live" made its TV debut, with comedian George Carlin as host.

1984 - On space shuttle Challenger, astronaut Kathy Sullivan became the first American woman to walk in space.

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