On This Day in History

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#378 Aug 19, 2013
1812 - During the War of 1812, the U.S. Navy frigate Constitution defeated the British frigate GuerriÈre in a furious engagement off the coast of Nova Scotia and earned its nickname of "Old Ironsides".

1893 - The root beer float, or "Black Cow," was invented by Frank J. Wisner, owner of Cripple Creek Brewing in Colorado.

1950 - The American Broadcasting Company aired the first Saturday morning television shows for children.

1960 - In the USSR, captured American U-2 pilot Francis Gary Powers was sentenced to 10 years imprisonment for his confessed espionage. Eighteen months later, the Soviets agreed to release him in exchange for Rudolf Abel, a senior KGB spy.
hey marce

Chula Vista, CA

#379 Aug 19, 2013
Charles R Darwin wrote:
1812 - During the War of 1812, the U.S. Navy frigate Constitution defeated the British frigate GuerriÈre in a furious engagement off the coast of Nova Scotia and earned its nickname of "Old Ironsides".
1893 - The root beer float, or "Black Cow," was invented by Frank J. Wisner, owner of Cripple Creek Brewing in Colorado.
1950 - The American Broadcasting Company aired the first Saturday morning television shows for children.
1960 - In the USSR, captured American U-2 pilot Francis Gary Powers was sentenced to 10 years imprisonment for his confessed espionage. Eighteen months later, the Soviets agreed to release him in exchange for Rudolf Abel, a senior KGB spy.
Was that first kids' TV show called 'Howdy Doody: The Prequel'?

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#380 Aug 20, 2013
1667 - John Milton published "Paradise Lost," an epic poem about the fall of Adam and Eve.
1940 - Radar was used for the first time, by the British during the Battle of Britain.
1977 - The U.S. Voyager I spacecraft was launched on its journey via Jupiter and Saturn to become the first artificial object to leave the solar system.

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#381 Aug 21, 2013
1858 - The famous debates, mainly about slavery, between Senatorial contenders Abraham Lincoln and Stephen Douglas began.

1901 - The Cadillac Motor Company was formed in Detroit, Michigan, named after the French explorer, Antoine Cadillac.

1912 - Arthur R. Eldred of Oceanside, New York, achieved the rank of Eagle Scout, the highest rank in the Boy Scouts of America -- the first to earn the award.

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#382 Aug 22, 2013
1851 - U.S.-built schooner America beat a fleet of Britain's finest ships in a race around England's Isle of Wight, in the first America's Cup.

1864 - The International Red Cross was founded by Swiss humanitarian Jean-Henri Dunant.

1902 - President Theodore Roosevelt became the first U.S. President to ride in an automobile, in Hartford, Connecticut.

1906 - The Victor Talking Machine Company of Camden, New Jersey began to manufacture the Victrola (record player).

1932 - The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) began its first experimental TV broadcast in England.

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#383 Aug 23, 2013
1775 - King George III of England refused the American colonies' offer of peace and declared them in open rebellion.

1902 - Fanny Farmer, among the first to emphasize the relationship of diet to health, opened her School of Cookery in Boston.

1950 - Up to 77,000 members of the U.S. Army Organized Reserve Corps were called involuntarily to active duty to fight the Korean War.

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#384 Aug 26, 2013
55 B.C.E.- Roman forces under Julius Caesar invaded Britain.

1429 - Joan of Arc made a triumphant entry into Paris.

1883 - The volcano Krakatoa erupted in the largest recorded explosion.

1939 - WXBS of New York City televised the first major league baseball games.

1957 - Ford Motor Company unveiled the Edsel.

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#385 Aug 27, 2013
1859 - Edwin Drake was the first in the U.S. to strike oil -- at Titusville, Pennsylvania.

1910 - Thomas Edison demonstrated the first "talking" pictures in his New Jersey laboratory.

1939 - Captain Erich Warshitz flew the first jet plane.

1954 - The first white men crossed the Arctic Circle's Northwest Passage in a pair of icebreakers.

2003 - Mars makes its closest approach to Earth in nearly 60,000 years, passing approximately 34,646,416 miles (55,758,002 kilometers) from Earth.

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#386 Aug 28, 2013
1917 - Ten suffragists were arrested when they picketed the White House.

1922 - The first-ever radio commercial aired on station WEAF in New York City, for the Queensboro Realty Company.

1963 - A peaceful civil rights rally took place in Washington, D.C. where Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. delivered his "I Have a Dream" speech to more than 200,000 people.

2005 - An evacuation is ordered by New Orleans, Louisiana mayor Ray Nagin and Louisiana governor Kathleen Blanco as Hurricane Katrina moves closer to Louisiana.

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#387 Aug 29, 2013
1896 - The Chinese-American dish chop suey was invented in New York City by the chef to visiting Chinese Ambassador Li Hung-chang.

1966 - At Candlestick Park, San Francisco, the Beatles played their last live concert.

2005 - Hurricane Katrina devastates much of the U.S. Gulf Coast from Louisiana to the Florida Panhandle, killing more than 1,836 and causing over $115 billion in damage.

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#388 Aug 30, 2013
1862 - Union forces were defeated by the Confederates at the Second Battle of Bull Run in Manassas, Virginia.

1881 - The first stereo system, for a telephonic broadcasting service, was patented in Germany by Clement Adler.

1901 - Scottish inventor Hubert Cecil Booth patented the vacuum cleaner.

2005 - A day after Hurricane Katrina hit, floodwaters covered 80 percent of New Orleans - rescuers in helicopters and boats picked up hundreds of stranded people.

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#389 Sep 3, 2013
1189 - Richard I (Richard the Lion-Hearted) was crowned King of England at Westminster Abbey.

1609 - Henry Hudson discovered the island of Manhattan.

1777 - The flag Stars and Stripes was flown in battle for the first time at Cooch's Bridge, Maryland during the Revolutionary War.

1995 - The online auction Web site eBay was founded in San Jose, California by computer programmer Pierre Omidyar as AuctionWeb.

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#391 Sep 13, 2013
122 - Building of Hadrian's Wall began.

1862 - Union troops in Frederick, Maryland, discovered General Robert E. Lee's attack plans for the invasion of Maryland wrapped around a pack of cigars.

1971 - The four-day revolt at the maximum-security Attica Correctional Facility near Buffalo, New York, came to end when 1,500 state police and National Guardsmen stormed the complex.

1976 - "The Muppet Show" premiered.

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#392 Sep 16, 2013
1620 - The Pilgrims set sail in the Mayflower for America from Plymouth, England.

1908 - General Motors filed papers of incorporation.

1966 - The Metropolitan Opera opened its new opera house at New York's Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts.

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#393 Sep 16, 2013
Charles R Darwin wrote:
122 - Building of Hadrian's Wall began.
1862 - Union troops in Frederick, Maryland, discovered General Robert E. Lee's attack plans for the invasion of Maryland wrapped around a pack of cigars.
1971 - The four-day revolt at the maximum-security Attica Correctional Facility near Buffalo, New York, came to end when 1,500 state police and National Guardsmen stormed the complex.
1976 - "The Muppet Show" premiered.
Attica!
Attica!
Attica!

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#394 Sep 16, 2013
Charles R Darwin wrote:
1620 - The Pilgrims set sail in the Mayflower for America from Plymouth, England.
1908 - General Motors filed papers of incorporation.
1966 - The Metropolitan Opera opened its new opera house at New York's Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts.
Why didn't the pilgrims just charter a plane? So much quicker.

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#395 Sep 17, 2013
1394 - Jews were expelled from France by order of King Charles VI.

1787 - The Constitution of the United States of America was completed and signed by 38 of 41 delegates attending the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia. Narrowly approved in some states, the Constitution of the United States of America became law by June 1789.

1862 - This was the bloodiest single day of fighting in the American Civil War; more than 26,000 men were killed, wounded, or missing in action at the Battle of Antietam in western Maryland.

1976 - NASA unveiled the first space shuttle, the Enterprise, in Palmdale, California.

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#396 Sep 18, 2013
1927 - The Columbia Phonograph Broadcasting System (later, CBS) started operations with 16 radio stations.

1975 - Patricia Hearst, the newspaper heiress and wanted fugitive, was captured by the FBI in San Francisco, 19 months after being kidnapped by the Symbionese Liberation Army.

2003 - Hurricane Isabel hit North Carolina's Outer Banks with 100-mph winds and moved up the Eastern Seaboard; the storm was blamed for 40 deaths.

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#397 Sep 19, 2013
1783 - The Joseph-Michel Montgolfier and Jacques-Etienne Montgolfier sent up the first hot-air balloon with live creatures on board, in Versailles, France.

1934 - Bruno Hauptmann was arrested in New York and charged with the kidnap-murder of Charles Lindbergh's baby.

1985 - Mexico City was struck by the first of two huge earthquakes that claimed more than 10,000 lives.

1995 - The Washington Post published the so-called "Unabomber's Manifesto," a sixty-five-page thesis on what the "Unabomber" thought were the problems with America's society.

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#398 Sep 20, 2013
480 B.C.E.- Themistocles and a Greek fleet scored a decisive naval victory over Xerxes' Persian force near Salamis.

1850 - The slave trade was abolished in the District of Columbia. In 1863, President Abraham Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation freed Washington's 3,000 slaves.

1873 - "Black Friday," occurred; it was the first time the New York Stock Exchange was forced to close because of a banking crisis.

1973 - Billie Jean King defeated Bobby Riggs in the nationally televised "Battle of the Sexes" tennis match, in three straight sets.

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