On This Day in History

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#296 Apr 23, 2013
1348 - English King Edward III founded the Order of the Garter, the first order of knighthood.

1635 - The Boston Latin School opened -- America's oldest public school.

1896 - The Vitascope system for projecting movies onto a screen was demonstrated in New York City, inaugurating the first movie theater at Koster and Bials Music Hall.

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#297 Apr 24, 2013
1953 - Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II.

1962 - MIT executed the first satellite relay of a TV signal.

1981 - The IBM Personal Computer was introduced.

1990 - The space shuttle Discovery blasted off from Cape Canaveral, Florida, carrying the $1.5 billion Hubble Space Telescope.

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#298 Apr 25, 2013
1792 - The guillotine was first used in Paris.

1953 - The magazine "Nature" published an article by biologists Francis Crick and James Watson, describing the "double helix" of DNA.

1990 - The crew of the U.S. space shuttle Discovery placed the Hubble Space Telescope, a long-term space-based observatory, into a low orbit around Earth.

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#299 Apr 26, 2013
1514 - Copernicus made his first observations of Saturn.

1968 - The largest underground nuclear device ever to be tested in the U.S. was exploded in Nevada.

1986 - The worst nuclear power plant accident in history occurred when an explosion and fire at Chernobyl in the Soviet Union killed 32 people and sent radioactivity into the atmosphere.

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#300 Apr 29, 2013
1429 - Joan of Arc entered the besieged city of Orleans to lead a victory over the English.

1813 - A patent for rubber was given to J.F. Hummel of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

1913 - Swedish-born U.S. inventor Gideon Sundback patented the zipper.

1945 - Adolf Hitler married Eva Braun and designated Admiral Karl Doenitz his successor. Hitler killed himself the next day.

1992 - Four white policemen in Los Angeles were acquitted of beating Rodney King, a black motorist, despite videotape evidence.

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#301 Apr 30, 2013
1789 - In New York City, George Washington was inaugurated as the first President of the United States of America.

1939 - Franklin D. Roosevelt became the first president to appear on television when he opened the New York World's Fair. However, the broadcast was beamed to only 200 television sets.

1973 - In the midst of the Watergate scandal, President Richard Nixon announced the resignations of top aides H.R. Haldeman and John Ehrlichman, along with Attorney General Richard G. Kleindienst and White House counsel John Dean. President Nixon accepted responsibility for the bugging of the Watergate building but denied any personal involvement.

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#302 May 1, 2013
1851 - The Great Exhibition opened to wide acclaim in the Crystal Palace in London, showcasing technological wonders from around the world.

1941 - The film "Citizen Kane," directed by and starring Orson Welles, opened in New York.

1967 - Elvis Presley married Priscilla Beaulieu in Las Vegas.

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#303 May 2, 2013
1611 - The Authorized Version of the Bible (King James Version) was first published.

1933 - The first sighting of the Loch Ness Monster was reported in a Scotland newspaper.

1941 - The Federal Communications Commission agreed to regular scheduling of TV broadcasts by commercial TV stations; it was the start of what would become network television.

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#305 May 3, 2013
1937 - Margaret Mitchell won a Pulitzer Prize for her novel, "Gone With the Wind."

1952 - The first airplane landed on the geographic North Pole.

2003 - The Old Man of the Mountain, a famous natural granite formation on Cannon Mountain in New Hampshire, fell; the formation resembled a face and had been an icon of the state.

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#306 May 6, 2013
1937 - The hydrogen-filled German dirigible Hindenburg crashed in New Jersey, killing 36 of its passengers. It was the largest dirigible ever built and the pride of Nazi Germany.

1954 - Roger Bannister broke the four-minute mile during a track meet in England, in 3:59.4.

1994 - A rail tunnel under the English Channel officially opened, connecting Britain and the European mainland for the first time since the Ice Age.

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#307 May 7, 2013
1915 - Nearly 1200 people died when a German torpedo sank the British liner Lusitania off the Irish coast, on its return trip from New York to Liverpool, England.

1992 - Space Shuttle Endeavour is launched on its maiden voyage (STS-49).

1998 - Mercedes-Benz buys Chrysler Corporation for US $40 billion, forming DaimlerChrysler, the largest industrial merger in history.

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#308 May 9, 2013
Since I wasn't here yesterday...

For Wednesday, May 8th, 2013:

1794 - The United States Post Office was established.

1886 - Atlanta pharmacist John Styth Pemberton invented the flavored syrup for Coca-Cola.

1902 - On the Caribbean island of Martinique, the volcano Mount Pelée erupted, killing 30,000 people.

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#309 May 9, 2013
1502 - Christopher Columbus left Spain on his fourth and final trip to the Western Hemisphere.

1754 - The first cartoon was published, in Benjamin Franklin's "Pennsylvania Gazette."

1960 - The U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved a birth-control pill.

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#310 May 10, 2013
1503 - Christopher Columbus discovered the Cayman Islands.

1869 - A golden spike was driven at Promontory, Utah, marking the completion of the first transcontinental railroad in the United States.

1960 - The U.S. nuclear-powered submarine Triton completed its circumnavigation of the globe after 84 days.

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#311 May 13, 2013
1607 - The English colony at Jamestown, Virginia, was settled.

1981 - Pope John Paul II was shot and seriously wounded in St. Peter's Square by a Turkish assailant. He survived the assassination attempt.

2003 - In an effort to thwart counterfeiters, the U.S. Mint unveiled a new version of the $20 bill - the first to be colorized.

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#312 May 14, 2013
1796 - Edward Jenner administered the world's first vaccination to prevent smallpox.

1804 - Lewis and Clark began their expedition, heading out of St. Louis.

1862 - Adolphe Nicole of Switzerland patented the chronograph.

1878 - The trademarked name Vaseline was registered by Robert A. Chesebrough.

1897 - Guglielmo Marconi sent the first communication by wireless telegraph.

1897 - The first public performance of John Philip Sousa's "The Stars and Stripes Forever" occurred in Philadelphia.

1904 - The first Olympic Games held in the United States began, in St. Louis.

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#313 May 15, 2013
1602 - Cape Cod was discovered by English navigator Bartholomew Gosnold.

1940 - Nylon stockings went on the sale in the U.S.

1948 - Hours after declaring its independence, the new state of Israel was attacked by Transjordan, Egypt, Syria, Iraq, and Lebanon.

1963 - Gordon Cooper completed 22 orbits of the earth and spent 34 hours in space aboard Faith 7, part of the Mercury program.

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#314 May 15, 2013
1905: Las Vegas, Nev., is founded when 110 acres owned by the San Pedro, Los Angeles and Salt Lake Railroad in what later would become the city's downtown are auctioned.

1928: Mickey Mouse makes his premiere in a test screening of the silent animated short "Plane Crazy." The short failed to pick up a distributor, but Mickey became a success later in the year when The Walt Disney Studio released his first sound cartoon, "Steamboat Willie." Following this, "Plane Crazy" was released as a sound cartoon on March 17, 1929.

1970: President Richard Nixon appoints Elizabeth P. Hoisington (left) and Anna Mae Hays (right) the first female United States brigadier generals.

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#315 May 16, 2013
1920: Pope Benedict XV canonizes Joan of Arc as a saint.

1965: SpaghettiOs are introduced by Franco-American food company.

1975: Japanese mountain-climber Junko Tabei becomes the first woman to reach the summit of Mount Everest.

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#316 May 17, 2013
1792 - The New York Stock Exchange was founded by brokers meeting under a tree located on what is now Wall Street.

1845 - The rubber band was patented.

1875 - The first Kentucky Derby was run; the winner was Aristides.

1954 - The Supreme Court handed down a unanimous decision in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, ruling that racially segregated public schools were inherently unequal, and said that schools must be integrated.

1996 - President Bill Clinton signed "Megan's Law," a measure requiring neighborhood notification when sex offenders move in.

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