The Study of Jeremiah Chapter 21
Posted in the Moore Forum
#1 Oct 12, 2013
Dear Ladies and Gentlemen:
I greet you in the name of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ, it is my sincere prayer that you are being Blessed even as you read this email.
Today we will continue the study of the book of Jeremiah Chapter 21.
22:1, 2. Chapter 22 is probably placed here because it, like chapter 21, contains messages that were addressed to the house of the king of Judah and concerns the throne of David ( cf. 21:11, 12). Several kings appear to be in the view in this chapter: Jehoiakim (vv. 1-9, 13-23), Jehoahaz (vv. 10-12), and Jehoiachin (vv. 24-30). Chronologically, the events of this chapter precede those of chapter 21.
22:3. See the note on 7:6.
22:10-12. Shallum (or Jehoahaz) was taken captive to Egypt by Pharaoh-nechoh on his return from Haran in 609 B.C. See the Introduction to Jeremiah and the notes on 2 Kings 23:28-35.
22:18, 19. Jehoiakim appears to have died in ignominy (cf. 36:30, 31 and the note on 2 Kin. 24:10-16).
22:24. The young Coniah (or Jehoiachin), the son of Jehoiakim, was carried away captive in Nebuchadnezzar's second campaign against Jerusalem (598/597 B.C. See the note on 2 Kings 25:27-30.
22:30. Childless means that none of Jehoiachin's seven sons (1 Chr. 3:17, 18) would succeed him on the throne of Judah, nor would any of his natural descendants succeed him. Although Jesus' paternal ancestors through Joseph include Jehoiachin (Matt. 1:11-16), the line of descent is thus recorded only to show Jesus' legal right to the throne of David. Because Jesus was virgin-born (Matt. 1:18; Luke 1:34-36), hence not the natural son of Joseph, the pronouncement against Jehoiachin's line is not contradicted.
Although Jehoiachin's line grandson Zerubbabel was governor of Judah (Ezra 3:2; Neh. 12:1), he was never Israel's king. Thus, the human kingship of Israel and Judah ended with the sixth century B.C. Note also that Jesus' human descent is apparently traced through Mary, a descendant of David through his son Nathan (not the prophet), not Solomon (Luke 3:23-31). Therefore, heir to David's throne through both parents, as the virgin-born son of Mary, Christ did not abrogate the prophetic curse against Jehoiachin's line. Rather, the great accuracy and trustworthiness of the Scriptures are again demonstrated.
Yours in Jesus Christ,
Bishop William B. Caractor
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