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Autism Awareness 101

Middlesboro, KY

#1 Mar 26, 2012
What Is Autism? What is Autism Spectrum Disorder?

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and autism are both general terms for a group of complex disorders of brain development. These disorders are characterized, in varying degrees, by difficulties in social interaction, verbal and nonverbal communication and repetitive behaviors. They include autistic disorder, Rett syndrome, childhood disintegrative disorder, pervasive developmental disorder-not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS) and Asperger syndrome. ASD can be associated with intellectual disability, difficulties in motor coordination and attention and physical health issues such as sleep and gastrointestinal disturbances. Some persons with ASD excel in visual skills, music, math and art.

Autism appears to have its roots in very early brain development. However, the most obvious signs of autism and symptoms of autism tend to emerge between 2 and 3 years of age. Autism Speaks continues to fund research on effective methods for earlier diagnosis, as early intervention with proven behavioral therapies can improve outcomes. Increasing autism awareness is a key aspect of this work and one in which our families and volunteers play an invaluable role. Learn more …

How Common Is Autism?

Autism statistics from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) identify around 1 in 110 American children as on the autism spectrum–a 600 percent increase in prevalence over the past two decades. Careful research shows that this increase is only partly explained by improved diagnosis and awareness. Studies also show that autism is three to four times more common among boys than girls. An estimated 1 out of 70 boys is diagnosed with autism in the United States.

More children will be diagnosed with autism this year than with childhood cancer, juvenile diabetes or pediatric AIDS combined. ASD affects an estimated 3 million individuals in the U.S. and tens of millions worldwide. Moreover, government autism statistics suggest that prevalence rates have increased 10 to 17 percent annually in recent years. There is no established explanation for this continuing increase, although improved diagnosis and environmental influences are two reasons often considered. Learn more …


What Causes Autism?


Not long ago, the answer to this question would have been “we have no idea.” Research is now delivering the answers. First and foremost, we now know that there is no one cause of autism just as there is no one type of autism. Over the last five years, scientists have identified a number of rare gene changes, or mutations, associated with autism. A small number of these are sufficient to cause autism by themselves. Most cases of autism, however, appear to be caused by a combination of autism risk genes and environmental factors influencing early brain development.

In the presence of a genetic predisposition to autism, a number of nongenetic, or “environmental,” stresses appear to further increase a child’s risk. The clearest evidence of these autism risk factors involves events before and during birth. They include advanced parental age at time of conception (both mom and dad), maternal illness during pregnancy and certain difficulties during birth, particularly those involving periods of oxygen deprivation to the baby’s brain. It is important to keep in mind that these factors, by themselves, do not cause autism. Rather, in combination with genetic risk factors, they appear to modestly increase risk.
Autism Awareness 101

Middlesboro, KY

#2 Mar 26, 2012
A small but growing body of research suggests that autism risk is less among children whose mothers took prenatal vitamins (containing folic acid) in the months before and after conception.

Increasingly, researchers are looking at the role of the immune system in autism. Autism Speaks is working to increase awareness and investigation of these and other issues, where further research has the potential to improve the lives of those who struggle with autism. Learn more …

What Does It Mean to Be “On the Spectrum”?

Each individual with autism is unique. Many of those on the autism spectrum have exceptional abilities in visual skills, music and academic skills. About 40 percent have average to above average intellectual abilities. Indeed, many persons on the spectrum take deserved pride in their distinctive abilities and “atypical” ways of viewing the world. Others with autism have significant disability and are unable to live independently. About 25 percent of individuals with ASD are nonverbal but can learn to communicate using other means. Autism Speaks’ mission is to improve the lives of all those on the autism spectrum. For some, this means the development and delivery of more effective treatments that can address significant challenges in communication and physical health. For others, it means increasing acceptance, respect and support.

Resources: We are pleased to offer many resource-packed tool kits for free download (here and here), including the 100 Day Kit for families who have a child recently diagnosed with autism. For still more information and resources please see our Video Glossary and FAQs and special sections on Diagnosis, Symptoms, Learn the Signs, Treatment, Your Child’s Rights, Asperger Syndrome and PDD-NOS. These resources are made possible through the generous support of our families, volunteers and other donors.


Tags:
What is Autism,
ASD,
Asperger,
autism,
Autism Speaks,
autism spectrum disorder,
autistic disorder,
Environmental Risk Factors. genetics,
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Learn the Signs
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Autism Awareness 101

Middlesboro, KY

#3 Mar 26, 2012
© 2005 - 2012 Autism Speaks Inc.
Autism Speaks and Autism Speaks It's Time to Listen & Design
are trademarks owned by Autism Speaks Inc. All rights reserved.
..
treys dad

Madisonville, KY

#4 Apr 4, 2012
there will be a walk for autism fri the 6th at lincoln park
sue

Tazewell, TN

#6 Apr 5, 2012
I plan on being there..Hoping a lot turn out for it.
Ann

Corbin, KY

#7 Apr 7, 2012
Did you read the Pineville sun article? WOW thank you lady. Now nobody in this town will get their baby vacinated. GREAT JOB! She doesn't seem very intelligent. Autism happens for many different reasons, however vacinations is not one of them.
treys dad

Madisonville, KY

#8 Apr 14, 2012
Ann wrote:
Did you read the Pineville sun article? WOW thank you lady. Now nobody in this town will get their baby vacinated. GREAT JOB! She doesn't seem very intelligent. Autism happens for many different reasons, however vacinations is not one of them.
prove it !!!!!!!!!!
parent

Corbin, KY

#9 Apr 15, 2012
Ann wrote:
Did you read the Pineville sun article? WOW thank you lady. Now nobody in this town will get their baby vacinated. GREAT JOB! She doesn't seem very intelligent. Autism happens for many different reasons, however vacinations is not one of them.
I didn't see anything in the Pineville Sun article linking autism and vaccinations.
I saw it

Corbin, KY

#10 Apr 15, 2012
It was Thursday, April 5th 2012 paper.
parent

Corbin, KY

#11 Apr 15, 2012
I saw it wrote:
It was Thursday, April 5th 2012 paper.
Oh. I thought it was the article last week about the march.
I saw it

Corbin, KY

#12 Apr 16, 2012
It was before the March, annoucing that it was about ready to take place. A lady by the name of Durham was talking about her son with Autism and it was linked to vacinations. SO all these young mothers are going to have very sick little babies, maybe some will DIE because she stated that vacinations cause Autism therefore young mothers in this area will not get there babies vacinated. Thanks a lot Mrs. Durham
treys dad

Madisonville, KY

#13 Apr 16, 2012
there is no proof 100 percent that it does or doesnt cause autism but if you the reader had a child who was fine then had shots you would doubt them as well if your child become diagnosted with autism,you would doubt everything you thought you knew before

“Memento mori”

Since: Jun 11

Location hidden

#14 Apr 16, 2012
treys dad wrote:
there is no proof 100 percent that it does or doesnt cause autism but if you the reader had a child who was fine then had shots you would doubt them as well if your child become diagnosted with autism,you would doubt everything you thought you knew before
It has been disproved by large-scale studies.

The guy who started this whole thing is no longer allowed to practice as a doctor.

There are kids who will probably die because of these lies people have spread. This idea out there that it is harmful to the health of our children.

Plus, the definition of autism was changed over time and it may have appeared as though more kids were developing autism as more vaccinations were given out. It's not that there are actually more people with autism, it's that there is a broader spectrum that people fit into.
treys dad

Madisonville, KY

#15 Apr 16, 2012
you can easily tell on here the ones who have a child with autism and the ones who do not.
kim

Corbin, KY

#16 Apr 17, 2012
treys dad wrote:
you can easily tell on here the ones who have a child with autism and the ones who do not.
I have a child who has autism and I do NOT believe that the vacinations are completely the cause. No one knows the real reason that he has autism. He has autism and that's that. We are taking all measures to make sure that he has all the help he can get at school. You need a strong support system as a family and through the school system. Had I NOT had given him the vacinations he could have had a lot of other illnesses that could have likely killed him. Autism is not one of them.
treys dad

Madisonville, KY

#17 Apr 17, 2012
i dont completely believe its the only cause but i do believe it contributes.im not against shots but there is room for improvement in the way they give them out and the chemicals in them
Parent of autistic child

Richmond, KY

#18 Apr 23, 2012
My child is autistic, and it's amazing the view that he has of the world. It's not been an easy life, but the Lord has provided a way for us.
understandable

Frankfort, KY

#19 Apr 25, 2012
actually they have changed the statistics to 1 in 80. you cannot tell me with that high of a rate that something isnt linked to it whether its vaccinations or something. besides if parents would research vaccinations they would never and i mean NEVER get their children any vaccine's its ridiculous the things ppl will pump into their children without reasearching them first. my child has never been vaccinated and has never had any problems and is very healthy. but we are not doing enought to protect our kids and help those who are already autistic. i mean 1 in 80 ppl that is ridiculous!
treys dad

Madisonville, KY

#20 Apr 25, 2012
understandable wrote:
actually they have changed the statistics to 1 in 80. you cannot tell me with that high of a rate that something isnt linked to it whether its vaccinations or something. besides if parents would research vaccinations they would never and i mean NEVER get their children any vaccine's its ridiculous the things ppl will pump into their children without reasearching them first. my child has never been vaccinated and has never had any problems and is very healthy. but we are not doing enought to protect our kids and help those who are already autistic. i mean 1 in 80 ppl that is ridiculous!
amen truer words were never spoken i thank you for your comments its people like you that remind me that some people care about things other then their own problems
treys dad

Madisonville, KY

#21 Apr 25, 2012
Parent of autistic child wrote:
My child is autistic, and it's amazing the view that he has of the world. It's not been an easy life, but the Lord has provided a way for us.
all you can do is love them with everything you have and it sounds like your child has a caring parent

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