#41 Oct 31, 2010
We need a change for our people. Julie will work with all to make KY a forward moving state.
Since: Nov 10
#42 Nov 1, 2010
"Senator" and "Sen." redirect here. For the car, see HSV Senator.
"The Senate" redirects here. For the Northern Soul band, see The Senate (Band).
The Curia Julia in the Roman ForumA senate is a deliberative assembly, often the upper house or chamber of a legislature or parliament. There have been many such bodies in history, since senate means the assembly of the eldest and wiser members of the society and ruling class. Two of the first official senates were the Spartan Gerousia (Γερ ;ουσ ;ία) and the Roman Senate.
Many countries currently have an assembly named a senate, composed of senators who may be elected, appointed, have inherited the title, or gained membership by other methods, depending on the country. Modern senates typically serve to provide a chamber of "sober second thought" to consider legislation passed by a lower house, whose members are usually elected.
2 Alternative meanings
4 National senates in the world
5 Defunct senates
6 See also
7 External links
The modern word senate is derived from the Latin word senātus (senate), which comes from senex, "old man". The members or legislators of a senate are called senators. The Latin word senator was adopted into English with no change in spelling. Its meaning is derived from a very ancient form of simple social organization in which decision-making powers are reserved for the eldest men. For the same reason, the word senate is correctly used when referring to any powerful authority characteristically composed by the eldest members of a community, as a deliberative body of a faculty in an institution of higher learning is often called a senate. The original senate was the Roman Senate, which lasted until 580 (various efforts to revive it were made in Medieval Rome). In the Eastern Roman Empire, the Byzantine Senate continued until the Fourth Crusade, circa 1202 - 1204.
Modern democratic states with bicameral parliamentary systems are sometimes equipped with a senate, often distinguished from an ordinary parallel lower house, known variously as the "House of Representatives", "House of Commons", "Chamber of Deputies", "National Assembly", "Legislative Assembly", or "House of Assembly", by electoral rules. This may include minimum age required for voters and candidates, proportional or majoritarian or plurality system, and an electoral basis or collegium. Typically, the senate is referred to as the upper house and has a smaller membership than the lower house. In some federal states senates also exist at the subnational level. In the United States all states other than Nebraska have a state senate. In Australia all states other than Queensland have an upper house known as a legislative council. Several Canadian provinces also once had legislative councils, but these have all been abolished, the last being Quebec's Legislative Council, in 1968. In Germany, all States are now unicameral, with the last upper house (Bavaria) being abolished in 1999.
Senate membership can be determined either through elections or appointments. For example, elections are held every three years for half the membership of the Australian Senate, the term of a senator being six years. In contrast, members of the Canadian Senate are appointed by the Governor General upon the recommendation of the Prime Minister of Canada, holding the office until they resign, are removed, or retire at the mandatory age of 75. In larger countries, the senate often serves a balancing effect by giving a larger share of power to regions or groups which would otherwise be overwhelmed under strictly popular apportionment.
#43 Nov 1, 2010
She did not use that brain for the Newport School Board
#44 Nov 1, 2010
[QUOTE who=""Kentucky Woman""]We need a change for our people. Julie will work with all to make KY a forward moving state.[/QUOTE]Move foward or living off the FREE STORE
#45 Nov 2, 2010
She doesn't support BIG government spending like her opponent does! VOTE for KATY!
#46 Nov 2, 2010
was on board with her, got to know julie, and after knowing her can vote for her, voted for katie stein rob r
#47 Nov 2, 2010
You live in Ohio, dumba$$! You're pretty clueless it seems about KY issues.
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