Tamura Japan ready for redevelopment post Fukushima
Posted in the Brattleboro Forum
#1 Mar 12, 2014
Three years after a earthquake and tsunami disaster in Japan which caused a nuclear accident, Tamura City Japan will be the first to have its evacuation order lifted.
#2 Mar 12, 2014
About 3200 residents from the district of Miyakoji on the eastern edge of Tamura evacuated on 12 March 2011, as the crisis at Fukushima Daiichi worsened. Extensive clean-up enabled residents limited access from mid-2013 and the repair of infrastructure means they will be allowed to return and resume their lives freely from 1 April. Farmers' crops of rice are already growing, local shops will be open and returning people will be offered specialist advice and analysis of their personal radiation exposure.
#3 Mar 12, 2014
Announcing the decision yesterday, Abe said, "Our efforts will not be over until the people who have returned get rid of their concerns regarding their health, their jobs and so on one by one and restore their daily lives in which they can enjoy peace of mind."
World Nuclear Association director general Agneta Rising welcomed the lifting of the evacuation order. "The evacuation following the Fukushima accident has caused great disruption to many people's lives. But good progress has been made at the Fukushima site over the last three years. Although there is still much to address, the situation is stable. Many of those places evacuated near Fukushima are now within normal levels of background radiation for most of the world; these are levels that people live with and we don't see any health impact. It is safe for people to return and we hope to see many more return soon."
Decontamination of living areas, farmland, forest and roads in Tamura City was declared to be 100% complete in June 2013. Over a period of just under a year, workers spent a total of 120,000 man days decontaminating nearly 230,000 square metres of building surfaces as well as 96 kilometres of roads, 1.2 million square metres of farmland and nearly 2 million square metres of forests using a variety of techniques including pressure washing and topsoil removal.
Abe admitted that reconstruction after the earthquake, tsunami and nuclear accident had been "extensively delayed" but said real progress had been made in the last 12 months, albeit often out of the public eye. In the coming year, he said, that progress should be visible and tangible to the Japanese people. He noted that a 30 kilometre stretch of the Joban Expressway connecting Tokyo to Sendai is out of commission and awaiting earthquake repairs. Its route through contaminated areas of Fukushima prefecture has prevented this, but Abe hopes for the road to re-open in mid 2015.
#4 Mar 13, 2014
So what are you doing to make the USA better instead of rubber necking Japan.
#5 Mar 13, 2014
Abe Ready To Send Residents Home Despite Radiation http://voiceofrussia.com/2014_03_11/Fukushima...
Japan's Prime Minister Shinzo Abe has publicly announced that he would like to have 30,000 residents return to their houses in the Fukushima area despite grave radiation concerns.
The reactors will be turned back on within two years’ time, it has been said. What is worse is that a nuclear industry expert told one media outlet that the hard hit Fukushima reactor is still unstable, three years post disaster.
Two former prime ministers and a Fukushima insider revealed that moving all of those people back into their homes would be an irresponsible move, according to a news agency. Requesting to stay anonymous, the man who was employed at TEPCO’s Fukushima power plant for over two decades said the situation at the reactor is not under control. Another nerve wracking issue is that nobody knows how to solve the problem on hand, according to the insider.
Errors are being made on a weekly basis and the Pacific Ocean is the receiver of the contaminated water leaks, claims the whistleblower. The man also explained that the damaged reactors never have a shot at being decontaminated and that residents should not even consider moving back into the no-go zone. The area that is off limits as of right now is about 12 miles of excluded land around Fukushima.
This is part of a larger effort of the Abe government’s agenda to switch on all of Japan’s 48 nuclear reactors by mid-2104.
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#6 Mar 13, 2014
ACMUI Program Manager
One of the more interesting things to emerge from nuclear weapons development was the use of radioisotopes in medicine. Before the end of World War II, there wasn’t much in the way of peaceful uses for radioisotopes. But in 1946, the Manhattan Project found a way to use its weapons technologies for the common good. It used a reactor at Oak Ridge to produce isotopes that could be distributed widely for research, medicine and industrial uses.
The Oak Ridge reactor offered a new family of isotopes created when uranium atoms fission, or split apart. These “byproduct” materials have many uses. It works like this: Radioisotopes give off energy that can be detected as they move through the body, allowing them to be used as “tracers.” This allows technicians to view different processes of the body than can be seen on x-rays. In larger amounts, some isotopes can also be used to target and destroy tumors.
Today, about 17 million patients each year in the U.S. benefit from imaging with radioisotopes or are involved in research, according to the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging. About 150,000 patients a year undergo radionuclide therapy.
More than half of the diagnostic procedures are cardiovascular studies. But nuclear medicine patients may have cancer, diabetes, even Alzheimer’s disease. Radioisotopes are also used for bone scans, to locate tumors, to treat infections, and for studies of the liver, kidney, and lungs. And new procedures are being developed all the time.
The NRC’s job is to review uses of radioisotopes in medicine and determine if they can be safe both for the patient and the medical personnel – as well as the public. To ensure the NRC has access to the best available information for our reviews, we rely on a committee of experts known as the Advisory Committee on the Medical Uses of Isotopes.
This committee is made up of 13 health care professionals from several disciplines, including nuclear medicine, nuclear cardiology, nuclear pharmacy, medical physics, patients’ rights advocacy and health care administration. There are also representatives from the Food and Drug Administration and an NRC Agreement State—a state that has assumed regulatory authority over certain radioactive materials used in their state. They are appointed by the Commission and serve four-year terms. They meet twice and have three teleconferences each year.
These committee members advise the NRC on technical and policy issues related to nuclear medicine. Last year, the committee provided advice on changes needed to our regulations on medical isotopes and trends in a relatively new therapy called Y-90 microsphere brachytherapy. This therapy uses tiny beads containing radioactive material to target and destroy liver tumors while preserving healthy tissue.
We recently named three new members to fill open seats on the committee. For more information, see the committee’s webpage.
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