Chemicals Found in Dryer Exhaust and There Toxicology
Chemicals found in fabric softeners by U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Reference: Lance Wallace, EPA
Identification of Polar Volatile Organic Compounds in consumer Products and Common Microenvironments, 1991
Compiled by Julia Kendall (1935-1997) Symptoms of exposure are taken from industry generated Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS)
Alph-Terpineol-Causes CNS disorders.“highly irritating to mucous membranes.”“Aspiration into the lungs can produce pneumoitis or even fatal edema”.“Can also cause excitement, ataxia (loss of muscular coordination) hypothermia, CNS and respiratory depression and headache”.“Prevent repeated or prolonged skin contact.”
BENZYL ACETATE-Carcinogenic (linked to pancreatic cancer)“From vapors: irritating to eyes and respiratory passages, exciting cough.”“In mice: hyperemia of the lungs.”“Can be absorbed through the skin causing systemic effects.”“Do not flush to sewer.”
BENSYL ALCOHOL-Cause CNS disorders.“irritating to the upper respiratory tract”“headache, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, drop in blood pressure, CNS depression, and death in sever cases due to respiratory failure.”
CAMPHOR-Causes CNS disorders. On EPS’s Hazardous Waste list. Symptoms:“local irritant and CNS stimulant.”“readily absorbed through body tissues”“irritation of eyes, nose and throat”“dizziness, confusion, nausea, twitching muscles and convulsions”“Avoid inhalation of vapors.”
CHLOROFORM-Carcinogenic. On EPA’s Hazardous Waste list.“Avoid contact with eyes, skin, clothing. Do not breathe vapors…Inhalation of vapors may cause headache, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, drowsiness, irritation of respiratory tract and loss of consciousness.”“Chronic effects of overexposure may include kidney and/or liver damage.”“Medial conditions generally aggravated by exposure: kidney disorders, liver disorders, heart disorders, skin disorders.” Conditions to avoid HEAT
ETHANOL-On EPA Hazardous Waste list. Causes CNS disorders. Symptoms-“fatigue, irritating to eyes and upper respiratory tract even in low concentrations…”“Inhalation of ethanol vapors can have effects similar to those characteristic of ingestion. These include an initial stimulatory effect followed by drowsiness, impaired vision, ataxia, stupor…”
ETHYL ACETATE-Narcotic. On EPA’s Hazardous Waste list.“irritating to the eyes and respiratory tract”…”may cause headache and narcosis (stupor)”…defatting effect on skin and may cause drying and cracking”…”may cause anemia with leukocytosis and damage to liver and kidneys”“wash thoroughly after handling.”
LIMONENE- Carcinogenic.“Prevent its contact with skin or eyes because it is an irritant and sensitizer.”“Always wash thoroughly after using this material and before eating, drinking, applying cosmetics. Do not inhale limonene vapor.”
LINOLOOL-Narcotic. Cause CNS disorders.“respiratory disturbances”…Attracts bees.” In animal test: ataxic gait, reduced spontaneous motor activity and depression…development of respiratory disturbances leading to death.”…”depressed frog heart activity.
PENTANE-Danger—Harmful if inhaled; extremely flammable. Keep away from heat…Avoid breathing vapor.”“Inhalation of vapors may cause headache, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, drowsiness, and irritation of respiratory tract and loss of consciousness. Repeated inhalation of vapors may cause central nervous system depression. Contact can cause eye irritation. Prolonged exposure may cause dermatitis (skin rash).”
The possibility of a widespread chemical attack is relatively unlikely in the United States at the present time because dispersing chemical or biological agents over a very large area is inefficient, pretty hard to do, and because we have better prepared for the possibility of it happening.
While less likely to affect a large geographic area at any one time, any chemical attack using toxic agents is still a very serious deadly threat that could happen. We never know when we might experience a terrorist attack. Chemical and biological agents can be released into the air from an airplane, from an explosive or other device, into a water supply, or by other means.
You may be home, at work or elsewhere when an attack occurs. Remember that fleeing an area is not always the best thing to do. If you are at home, school, or work during a chemical or biological emergency, it may be safer to stay put.
Following the same emergency preparedness plan you have in place for natural disasters and other emergencies and having basic supplies on hand is the first step in your total preparedness plan.
Also take these things into consideration;
1) Be certain your family can contact one another at all times. Write down every family member's telephone numbers for school, work, home, and mobile phones on a blank index card. Include other family member's and neighbor’s numbers. Write down each person’s blood type and any other medical or health issues that you would want an emergency responder or Good Samaritan to know.
Explain to your kids and family members that you want them to carry this index card with them all the time and why. Have them keep one in their backpack and school locker. Everyone else keep one in your wallet or purse. Do this because most of us keep our friends and family’s phone numbers in the address book of our mobile device. If we lost our phone or the battery was dead, most of us wouldn’t remember everyone’s number, especially when we were in need of it the most such as during a chemical attack or other act of terrorism.
2) Program an entry in your mobile phone address book for “ICE”. This stands for “In case of emergency” contact. Emergency personnel know to look at your mobile phone’s address book and contacts for this information if you are in an accident. Program your nearest friend or family member's telephone number. Pick someone who will be most readily available to respond to your needs in case of an emergency.
3) Stay informed. Be sure to have a portable battery powered radio and also watch local television news for safety alerts and situation updates. If safe to do so, communicate with neighbors or others in or near your location.
4) Heed the advice and warnings of police and emergency personnel. Lives can be saved if we follow this advice. Remember that being prepared yourself and reducing the odds that you will need assistance means emergency personnel can devote their efforts to the people who are most in-need during any emergency situation.
5) In case of chemical attack or bioterrorism, have protective masks, plastic sheeting and duct tape to seal doors and windows. Do not go outdoors. Stay in an interior room away from outside walls. Do not let outside air enter your home. Keep doors and windows closed and sealed.
6) Turn off your furnace, air conditioning or other ventilation system, close fireplace dampers and seal around the fireplace opening if possible. Use duct tape to seal the kitchen exhaust fan if it vents outside the home. If you have a natural gas operated clothes dryer, keep the appliance door closed and tape around the door opening. If safe to go outside, tape off the vent at the outside wall.
For many terrorist organizations, chemical weapons might be considered an ideal choice for a mode of attack, if they are available: they are cheap, relatively accessible, and easy to transport. A skilled chemist can readily synthesize most chemical agents if the precursors are available.
The earliest successful use of chemical agents in a non-combat setting was in 1946, motivated by a desire to obtain revenge on Germans for the Holocaust. Three members of a Jewish group calling themselves Dahm Y'Israel Nokeam ("Avenging Israel's Blood") hid in a bakery in the Stalag 13 prison camp near Nuremberg, Germany, where several thousand SS troops were being detained. The three applied an arsenic-containing mixture to loaves of bread, sickening more than 2,000 prisoners, of whom more than 200 required hospitalization.
In July 1974, a group calling themselves the Aliens of America successfully firebombed the houses of a judge, two police commissioners, and one of the commissioner’s cars, burned down two apartment buildings, and bombed the Pan Am Terminal at Los Angeles International Airport, killing three people and injuring eight. The organization, which turned out to be a single resident alien named Muharem Kurbegovic, claimed to have developed and possessed a supply of sarin, as well as 4 unique nerve agents named AA1, AA2, AA3, and AA4S. Although no agents were found at the time he was arrested in August 1974, he had reportedly acquired "all but one" of the ingredients required to produce a nerve agent. A search of his apartment turned up a variety of materials, including precursors for phosgene and a drum containing 25 pounds of sodium cyanide.
The first successful use of chemical agents by terrorists against a general civilian population was on June 27, 1994, when Aum Shinrikyo, an apocalyptic group based in Japan that believed it necessary to destroy the planet, released sarin gas in Matsumoto, Japan, killing eight and harming 200. The following year, Aum Shinrikyo released sarin into the Tokyo subway system killing 12 and injuring over 5,000.
On 29 December 1999, four days after Russian forces began assault of Grozny, Chechen terrorists exploded two chlorine tanks in the town. Because of the wind conditions, no Russian soldiers were injured.
In 2001, after carrying out the attacks in New York City on September 11, the organization Al Qaeda announced that they were attempting to acquire radiological, biological and chemical weapons. This threat was lent a great deal of credibility when a large archive of videotapes was obtained by the cable television network CNN in August 2002 showing, among other things, the killing of three dogs by an apparent nerve agent.
On October 26, 2002, Russian special forces used a chemical agent (presumably KOLOKOL-1, an aerosolized fentanyl derivative), as a precursor to an assault on Chechen terrorists, ending the Moscow theater hostage crisis. All 42 of the terrorists and 120 of the hostages were killed during the raid; all but one hostage, who was killed, died from the effects of the agent.
In early 2007 multiple terrorist bombings have been reported in Iraq using chlorine gas. These attacks have wounded or sickened more than 350 people. Reportedly the bombers are affiliated with Al-Qaeda in Iraq and have used bombs of various sizes up to chlorine tanker trucks. United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon condemned the attacks as, "clearly intended to cause panic and instability in the country."
Tear gas casualties from the Battle of Estaires, April 10, 1918.
A Canadian soldier with mustard gas burns, ca. 1917–1918. Main article: Poison gas in World War I
The Hague Declaration of 1899 and the Hague Convention of 1907 forbade the use of "poison or poisonous weapons" in warfare, yet more than 124,000 tons of gas were produced by the end of World War I. The French were the first to use chemical weapons during the First World War, using tear gas.
The Germans' first use of chemical weapons were shells containing xylyl bromide that were fired at the Russians near the town of Bolimów, Poland in January 1915. The first full-scale deployment of chemical warfare agents was during World War I, originating in the Second Battle of Ypres, April 22, 1915, when the Germans attacked French, Canadian and Algerian troops with chlorine gas. Deaths were light, though casualties relatively heavy.
A total 50,965 tons of pulmonary, lachrymatory, and vesicant agents were deployed by both sides of the conflict, including chlorine, phosgene and mustard gas. Official figures declare about 1,176,500 non-fatal casualties and 85,000 fatalities directly caused by chemical warfare agents during the course of the war.
To this day unexploded World War I-era chemical ammunition is still uncovered when the ground is dug in former battle or depot areas and continues to pose a threat to the civilian population in Belgium and France and less commonly in other countries. The French and Belgian governments have had to launch special programs for treating discovered ammunition.
After the war, most of the unused German chemical warfare agents were dumped into the Baltic Sea, a common disposal method among all the participants in several bodies of water. Over time, the salt water causes the shell casings to corrode, and mustard gas occasionally leaks from these containers and washes onto shore as a wax-like solid resembling ambergris. Even in this solidified form, the agent is active enough to cause severe burns to anybody coming into contact with it.
Chemical warfare (CW) involves using the toxic properties of chemical substances as weapons. This type of warfare is distinct from Nuclear warfare and Biological warfare, which together make up NBC, the military acronym for Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical (warfare or weapons). Neither of these falls under the term conventional weapons which are primarily effective due to their destructive potential. Chemical warfare does not depend upon explosive force to achieve an objective. Rather it depends upon the unique properties of the chemical agent weaponized. A lethal agent is designed to injure or incapacitate the enemy, or deny unhindered use of a particular area of terrain. Defoliants are used to quickly kill vegetation and deny its use for cover and concealment. It can also be used against agriculture and livestock to promote hunger and starvation. With proper protective equipment, training, and decontamination measures, the primary effects of chemical weapons can be overcome. Many nations possess vast stockpiles of weaponized agents in preparation for wartime use. The threat and the perceived threat have become strategic tools in planning both measures, and counter–measures.
Chemical warfare is different from the use of conventional weapons or nuclear weapons because the destructive effects of chemical weapons are not primarily due to any explosive force. The offensive use of living organisms (such as anthrax) is considered biological warfare rather than chemical warfare; however, the use of nonliving toxic products produced by living organisms (e.g. toxins such as botulinum toxin, ricin, and saxitoxin) is considered chemical warfare under the provisions of the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC). Under this Convention, any toxic chemical, regardless of its origin, is considered a chemical weapon unless it is used for purposes that are not prohibited (an important legal definition known as the General Purpose Criterion).
About 70 different chemicals have been used or stockpiled as chemical warfare agents during the 20th century. The entire class known as Lethal Unitary Chemical Agents and Munitions have been scheduled for elimination by the CWC.
Under the Convention, chemicals that are toxic enough to be used as chemical weapons, or that may be used to manufacture such chemicals, are divided into three groups according to their purpose and treatment: Schedule 1 – Have few, if any, legitimate uses. These may only be produced or used for research, medical, pharmaceutical or protective purposes (i.e. testing of chemical weapons sensors and protective clothing). Examples include nerve agents, ricin, lewisite and mustard gas. Any production over 100 g must be notified to the OPCW and a country can have a stockpile of no more than one tonne of these chemicals. Schedule 2 – Have no large-scale industrial uses, but may have legitimate small-scale uses. Examples include dimethyl methylphosphonate, a precursor to sarin but which is also used as a flame retardant and Thiodiglycol which is a precursor chemical used in the manufacture of mustard gas but is also widely used as a solvent in inks. Schedule 3 – Have legitimate large-scale industrial uses. Examples include phosgene and chloropicrin. Both have been used as chemical weapons but phosgene is an important precursor in the manufacture of plastics and chloropicrin is used as a fumigant. The OPCW must be notified of, and may inspect, any plant producing more than 30 tonnes per year.
Protective ointment (mustard) Collective protection Gas mask w/ Whetlerite
V-series nerve agents
Gas mask w/ water supply
Nerve gas alarm
Improved gas masks (protection, fit, comfort)
Novichok nerve agents
A Swedish Army soldier wearing a chemical agent protective suit (C-vätskeskydd) and protection mask (skyddsmask 90). Although crude chemical warfare has been employed in many parts of the world for thousands of years, "modern" chemical warfare began during World War I - see Poison gas in World War I.
Initially, only well-known commercially available chemicals and their variants were used. These included chlorine and phosgene gas. The methods used to disperse these agents during battle were relatively unrefined and inefficient. Even so, casualties could be heavy, due to the mainly static troop positions which were characteristic features of trench warfare.
Germany, the first side to employ chemical warfare on the battlefield, simply opened canisters of chlorine upwind of the opposing side and let the prevailing winds do the dissemination. Soon after, the French modified artillery munitions to contain phosgene – a much more effective method that became the principal means of delivery.
Since the development of modern chemical warfare in World War I, nations have pursued research and development on chemical weapons that falls into four major categories: new and more deadly agents; more efficient methods of delivering agents to the target (dissemination); more reliable means of defense against chemical weapons; and more sensitive and accurate means of detecting chemical agents.
There is archaeological evidence that the Sasanians deployed chemical weapons against the Roman army in 3rd century AD/CE. Research carried out on the collapsed tunnels at Dura-Europos in Syria suggests that the Iranians used bitumen and sulfur crystals to get it burning. When ignited, the materials gave off dense clouds of choking gases which killed 20 Roman soldiers in the matter of 2 minutes.
See also: Destruction of chemical weapons and Chemical Weapons Convention
The Protocol for the Prohibition of the Use in War of Asphyxiating, Poisonous or other Gases, and the Bacteriological Methods of Warfare, or the Geneva Convention, is an International treaty which prohibits the use of chemical and biological weapons in warfare. Signed into International Law at Geneva on June 17, 1925 and entered into force on February 8, 1928, this treaty states that chemical and biological weapons are "justly condemned by the general opinion of the civilised world."
States parties to the Chemical Weapons Convention. Light colored territories are those states parties that have declared stockpiles of chemical weapons and/or have known production facilities for chemical weapons. The most recent arms control agreement in International Law, the Convention of the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on their Destruction, or the Chemical Weapons Convention, outlaws the production, stockpiling, and use of chemical weapons. It is administered by the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW), an intergovernmental organisation based in The Hague.
I think you are suffering from azzhole inhaling dryer sh1t... also known as AIDS! http://www.youtube.com/watch?v =SclIejWpqgkXX&feature=rel ated
LOL some of the stuff you say is pretty fvcked up but funny at times. "AIDS doesn't kill anymore"! sorry.. went off topic for the last part... because idiots believe it's true! wait till the AIDS meets something like the Bird Flu and give birth to HIV+v4
I think you are suffering from azzhole inhaling dryer sh1t... also known as AIDS! http://www.youtube.com/watch?v =SclIejWpqgkXX&feature=rel ated
I think you would get sick, before you realized you need to clean the crap off your hands before you eat. Then you would assume the posision of genus because you know better then the others who are still eating sht.
dickie the Village cryer, stand on the corner running it mouth on how not to eat sht.
You see, all you need to do is get very sick form a spicific cause, then wisdom manifests it self.
Of course washing medical insterments, is not a special ability, for you, like using tiolet paper instead of your finger to clean your mouthy butt.