26.MAR.07 Historical Commission To Meet

Full story: The Reporter
Historical Commission To Meet The quarterly meeting of the Hill County Historical Commission will be held at 5 p.m. Tuesday, March 27, in the 66th District Courtroom on the second floor of the Hill County ... Full Story
Carl Matthews - Dallas TX

Fort Worth, TX

#1 Mar 29, 2007
WESTERN NAVARRO CO CONTROVERSY
“When did
Dr George Washington Hill
arrive in Western Navarro Co Texas?”
Spring Hill, Texas, located in Western Navarro Co, Texas, was reported by many early area historians as being the oldest settlement in the county, and their writings have been used by others who have written about the area over more recent years.
Those early writers….Alva Taylor, Annie Love, Barbara Davidson Patterson, and others… stated that the Spring Hill Trading Post, operated by Dr George Washington Hill, was standing at the time of the 1838 Battle Creek Massacre and that he, Dr. Hill, had been appointed by President Sam Houston to establish a Trading Post at that site.
A Historical Marker at Dawson, Texas states that Dr Hill built the Trading Post in 1838 and, in October of that same year, the Battle Creek Fight & Massacre between “the Kickapoo Indians and the surveyors” occurred.
The 1838 date, highly suspect for a number of reasons, probably, had its origin in a printed account of The Battle Creek Massacre written by two of the survivors, Walter P Lane and William F Henderson. The account, published in THE NAVARRO EXPRESS NEWS of Corsicana, reported that Lane had mentioned that they surveyors had camped near Hill’s Trading Post.
Hill’s Trading Post, by 1860, located just south of the present day Spring Hill Cemetery, had become a Western Navarro County landmark. Lane did not say that Hill’s Trading Post was there in 1838….only that the surveyors had camped near that site. Based on various factual information, Lane was, probably, referring to the location of Hill’s Trading Post at the time of the writing…1860….but not in 1838.
The year 1838 Dr Hill may have been in an Indian fight near Marlin area
December 1839 Dr Hill and Sam Houston were outvoted on moving the
Texas Capitol to The Falls on the Brazos…Marlin TX area.
The year 1840 Dr Hill began serving in the Texas Legislature
The year 1842 Dr Hill named executor of estate of Judge Francis Slaughter
who lived at Fort Franklin
The year 1843 Pres. Sam Houston appointed Dr Hill as Secy of War,
replacing Albert Sydney Johnson, a post he held until
1845 when Texas became part of the United States.
The year 1846 Dr Hill’s name was not shown on the 1846 NavCo Poll List
May 1846 Ethan Melton named Post Master at Melton, later Dresden.
This was the first U S Post Office established in Navarro Co.
The year 1847 Dr Hill paid taxes in Robertson Co
June 1847 Dr Hill served as agent for land sale south of Richland
Creek. He…may….have received payment in the form of
acreage from the land sale.
November 1847 Dr Hill married Mrs Minerva Katherine Matthews
Slaughter, widow of Judge Slaughter and sister of Robert
Harve Matthews
The year 1848 Dr Hill paid taxes in Navarro Co.
August 1848 First burial at Spring Hill Cemetery
The year 1849 Dr Hill named Post Master at Spring Hill
The year 1852 Dr Hill named “Special Agent, Texas Indians” by Robert S Neighbors, replacing Jesse Stem. His principle duty was
the removal of Indian villages on the Brazos River to Young
Co TX, a move accomplished by May 1853.
The year 1852 Robert Harve Matthews named Post Master at Spring Hill
The year 1860 William Henderson, a surveyor who was a participant and survivor of the Battle Creek Fight and Massacre, wrote:
“In 1838, the settlements between the Brazos and Trinity Rivers were Franklin and Parker’s Fort. All beyond was a vast wilderness occupied by hostile Indians of a doubtful character.”
Williams does not mention Spring Hill or Hill’s Trading Post.
Dr George Washington Hill died in 1860 and was buried at the Spring Hill Cemetery. He had stipulated that two acres of his land be set aside for the Cemetery.
{See biography of Dr Hill at the USGen Navarro Co Web}

Carl W Matthews
matthewscarl@hotmail.com
Dallas TX

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