Wars have been fought over this<quoted text>
Ok, so looking on a map, I'm guessing that has to do with its location on the edge of the West Bank?
Wiki says "East Jerusalem" in in the West Bank.
"The United States views as desirable the establishing of an international regime for the city. Its final status must be resolved through negotiations and it does not recognise Jerusalem as Israel's capital."
The above quotes candidate Obama's saying otherwise.
Sounds complicated, to say the least.
From 1948 to 1967 - a portion of Jerusalem (Now called East Jerusalem) was occupied and adminstered by Jordan - including the Old City. The Six Day War (1967) liberated the Old City (with the Jewish Holy sites such as the Western wall) from Jordan.
West Jerusalem has always been in Israeli control since 1948. West Jerusalem is a vibrant modern urban city. East Jerusalem, including the Old City, is of more ancient historical significance. Both the East and West are "Jerusalem".
It is a no brainer to give portions of East Jerusalem to the Palestinians since most of the population is Arab there anywhere. But in the middle of it are Jewish neighborhoods (some that have been there for thousands of years) and the Jewish Holy sites. If Isreal trusted the outside world (which it has no reason to do) it could conceivable internationalize the Holy sites as its own city (like the Vatican)- but prgamatiically that will never happen.
Complicating all of this is the fact that most surveys of Israeli Arabs living in Jerusalem indicate no interest in joining a Palestinian state - they know a good thing when they see it (Israeli citizenship with all its benefits vs a fledging, corrupt, and probably theocreatic Palestinian state). Its the Palestinians from the West Bank proper who want Jerusalem, as well as the Muslims like MUQ who dont have to live there.
West Jerusalem is a modern Israeli city. East Jerusalem The Old City - where the Western Wall is (Jewish Holy site) is