From what I have read, everyone in Isreal is a potential conscript, but only about half end up actually serving, due to various reasons, including health, religion, and criminal records.<quoted text>
Nothing int he Constitution says we CAN'T do it, eh? ;)
Israel doesn't require military service, i don't think -- you can do the military, but there's a civic service option (or noncombat military) for those who don't want military duty.
But I like Israel's stance on women in combat: WHy not? They're no more special than men, so why protect them?
Modern warfare doesn't really have the same designated battle zones of the past, and women end up in combat situations all the time. Our restrictions against that are outdated, and need to be removed. We don't need a protected status, and we deal with the environment just as good, or bad, as men do.