Barack Obama, our next President

"The road ahead will be long. Our climb will be steep," Obama cautioned. Young and charismatic but with little experience on the national level, Obama smashed through racial barriers and easily defeated ... Full Story
MOM

Waterbury, CT

#976784 Sep 5, 2013
Archaeologists have demonstrated that Syria was the center of one of the most ancient civilizations on earth. Around the excavated city of Ebla in northern Syria, discovered in 1975, a great Semitic empire spread from the Red Sea north to Turkey and east to Mesopotamia from 2500 to 2400 B.C. The city of Ebla alone during that time had a population estimated at 260,000. Scholars believe the language of Ebla to be the oldest Semitic language. In the east, the ancient site of Mari contains archeological remains of multiple cultures and religions living concurrently in the city.

Syria was occupied successively by Canaanites, Phoenicians, Hebrews, Arameans, Assyrians, Babylonians, Persians, Greeks, Romans, Nabataeans, Byzantines, and, in part, Crusaders before finally coming under the control of the Ottoman Turks. Syria is significant in the history of Christianity; Paul was converted on the road to Damascus and established the first organized Christian Church at Antioch in ancient Syria, from which he left on many of his missionary journeys.

Damascus, settled about 2500 B.C., is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world. It came under Muslim rule in A.D. 636. Immediately thereafter, the city's power and prestige reached its peak, and it became the capital of the Omayyad Empire, which extended from Spain to India from A.D. 661 to A.D. 750, when the Abbasid caliphate was established at Baghdad, Iraq.

Damascus became a provincial capital of the Mamluk Empire around 1260. It was largely destroyed in 1400 by Tamerlane, the Mongol conqueror, who removed many of its craftsmen to Samarkand. Rebuilt, it continued to serve as a capital until 1516. In 1517, it fell under Ottoman rule. The Ottomans remained for the next 400 years, except for a brief occupation by Ibrahim Pasha of Egypt from 1832 to 1840.

French Occupation
In 1920, an independent Arab Kingdom of Syria was established under King Faysal of the Hashemite family, who later became King of Iraq. However, his rule over Syria ended after only a few months, following the clash between his Syrian Arab forces and regular French forces at the battle of Maysalun. French troops occupied Syria later that year after the League of Nations put Syria under French mandate. With the fall of France in 1940, Syria came under the control of the Vichy Government until the British and Free French occupied the country in July 1941. Continuing pressure from Syrian nationalist groups forced the French to evacuate their troops in April 1946, leaving the country in the hands of a republican government that had been formed during the mandate.

Independence to 1970
Although rapid economic development followed the declaration of independence of April 17, 1946, Syrian politics from independence through the late 1960s were marked by upheaval. A series of military coups beginning in 1949 undermined civilian rule and led to army colonel Adib Shishakli's seizure of power in 1951. After the overthrow of President Shishakli in a 1954 coup, continued political maneuvering supported by competing factions in the military eventually brought Arab nationalist and socialist movements to power.
MOM

Waterbury, CT

#976785 Sep 5, 2013
Syria's political instability during the years after the 1954 coup, the apparent parallelism of Syrian and Egyptian policies, and the appeal of Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser's leadership in the wake of the 1956 Suez crisis created support in Syria for union with Egypt. On February 1, 1958, the two countries merged to create the United Arab Republic, and all Syrian political parties ceased overt activities. Cairo directed economic policies in Syria, generating resentment among many Syrians.
The union was not a success, and, following a military coup on September 28, 1961, Syria seceded, reestablishing itself as the Syrian Arab Republic. Instability characterized the next 18 months, with various coups culminating on March 8, 1963, in the installation by leftist Syrian Army officers of the National Council of the Revolutionary Command (NCRC), a group of military and civilian officials who assumed control of all executive and legislative authority. The takeover was engineered by members of the Arab Socialist Resurrection Party (Ba'ath Party), which had been active in Syria and other Arab countries since the late 1940s. The new cabinet was dominated by Ba'ath members.
The Ba'ath takeover in Syria followed a Ba'ath coup in Iraq the previous month. The new Syrian Government explored the possibility of federation with Egypt and Ba'ath-controlled Iraq. An agreement was concluded in Cairo on April 17, 1963, for a referendum on unity to be held in September 1963. However, serious disagreements among the parties soon developed, and the tripartite federation failed to materialize. Thereafter, the Ba'ath regimes in Syria and Iraq began to work for bilateral unity. These plans foundered in November 1963, when the Ba'ath regime in Iraq was overthrown. In May 1964, President Amin Hafiz of the NCRC promulgated a provisional constitution providing for an appointed legislature called the National Council of the Revolution (NCR) composed of representatives of mass organizations--labor, peasant, and professional unions; a presidential council, in which executive power was vested; and a cabinet. On February 23, 1966, a group of army officers carried out a successful, intra-party coup, imprisoned President Hafiz, dissolved the cabinet and the NCR, abrogated the provisional constitution, and designated a regionalist, civilian Ba'ath government. The coup leaders described it as a "rectification" of Ba'ath Party principles. The defeat of the Syrians and Egyptians in the June 1967 war with Israel weakened the radical socialist regime established by the 1966 coup. Conflict developed between a moderate military wing and a more extremist civilian wing of the Ba'ath Party. The 1970 retreat of Syrian forces sent to aid the PLO during the "Black September" hostilities with Jordan reflected this political disagreement within the ruling Ba'ath leadership. On November 13, 1970, Minister of Defense Hafiz al-Asad effected a bloodless military coup, ousting the civilian party leadership and assuming the role of prime minister.
MOM

Waterbury, CT

#976786 Sep 5, 2013
1970 to 2000
Upon assuming power, Hafiz al-Asad moved quickly to create an organizational infrastructure for his government and to consolidate control. The Provisional Regional Command of Asad's Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party nominated a 173-member legislature, the People's Council, in which the Ba'ath Party took 87 seats. The remaining seats were divided among "popular organizations" and other minor parties. In March 1971, the party held its regional congress (covering Syria, rather than the pan-Arab countries) and elected a new 21-member Regional Command headed by Asad. In the same month, a national referendum was held to confirm Asad as President for a 7-year term. In March 1972, to broaden the base of his government, Asad formed the National Progressive Front, a coalition of parties led by the Ba'ath Party, and elections were held to establish local councils in each of Syria's 14 governorates. In March 1973, a new Syrian constitution went into effect, followed shortly thereafter by parliamentary elections for the People's Council, the first such elections since 1962.
The authoritarian regime was not without its critics, though it dealt quickly with most. A serious challenge arose in the late 1970s, however, from fundamentalist Sunni Muslims, who rejected the basic values of the secular Ba'ath program and objected to rule by the minority Alawis, whom some considered heretical. From 1976 until its suppression in 1982, the Islamist Syrian Muslim Brotherhood led an armed insurgency against the regime. In response to an attempted uprising by the Brotherhood in February 1982, the government crushed the fundamentalist opposition centered in the city of Hama, leveling parts of the city with artillery fire and causing many thousands of dead and wounded. From 1982 until March 2011, public manifestations of anti-regime activity were very limited.
No Surprize

Seminole, FL

#976788 Sep 5, 2013
Yeah wrote:
<quoted text>Nice of you to cheer my Russian democ-Rats on son!
We Rats belong together!
It's the culture...
MOM

Waterbury, CT

#976790 Sep 5, 2013
End of the road for Syrian car, or just the beginning?
Simon Mars
Aug 19, 2010
Save this article

In a show room some 25km east of Damascus, the Syrian businessman Abdul Hamid talks about how pleased he is to have bought a Sham car. "I decided to buy the Sham because it is well manufactured," he says. "It's a comfortable car with a nice design. And it's a car that was produced in my country.

"I had to buy it, and I encourage every Syrian citizen to buy it since it supports our country's economy, our national production and is an encouragement to our national industries." Launched in 2007, the car's name derives from the old Arabic word for Syria, and is a joint project between the Syrian General Establishment for Engineering Industries, which has 35 per cent, Khodro, the giant Iranian car company, which has 40 per cent, and a local company, Al Sultan, which owns the rest.
It is a mid range family saloon, based on Khodro's Samand car, and comes with either a 1600cc or 1800cc engine. It has air conditioning, central locking, electric windows and a computer that lets you know whether you've shut the door or if your oil's running low. The cheapest model costs slightly more than US$12,000 (Dh44,076) and is the first stage in the government's plan to create a Syria car industry. A second company, Saipa, another joint Irania-Syrian venture, has also now started producing cars in the country.
At the moment, all the Sham's parts are still being manufactured in Iran and only then transported to Syria for the company's 330 workers to assemble the pieces, add the trim and do the paint job. But the company hopes that, one day, the model will be manufactured fully inside the country. For now, the next stage, if all members of the partnership can agree on new financing, is to produce a more advanced model, according to Ziad al Naameh, the general manager of Siamco, the company producing the Sham
Lily boca raton fl

Boca Raton, FL

#976791 Sep 5, 2013
MOM wrote:
1970 to 2000
Upon assuming power, Hafiz al-Asad moved quickly to create an organizational infrastructure for his government and to consolidate control. The Provisional Regional Command of Asad's Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party nominated a 173-member legislature, the People's Council, in which the Ba'ath Party took 87 seats. The remaining seats were divided among "popular organizations" and other minor parties. In March 1971, the party held its regional congress (covering Syria, rather than the pan-Arab countries) and elected a new 21-member Regional Command headed by Asad. In the same month, a national referendum was held to confirm Asad as President for a 7-year term. In March 1972, to broaden the base of his government, Asad formed the National Progressive Front, a coalition of parties led by the Ba'ath Party, and elections were held to establish local councils in each of Syria's 14 governorates. In March 1973, a new Syrian constitution went into effect, followed shortly thereafter by parliamentary elections for the People's Council, the first such elections since 1962.
The authoritarian regime was not without its critics, though it dealt quickly with most. A serious challenge arose in the late 1970s, however, from fundamentalist Sunni Muslims, who rejected the basic values of the secular Ba'ath program and objected to rule by the minority Alawis, whom some considered heretical. From 1976 until its suppression in 1982, the Islamist Syrian Muslim Brotherhood led an armed insurgency against the regime. In response to an attempted uprising by the Brotherhood in February 1982, the government crushed the fundamentalist opposition centered in the city of Hama, leveling parts of the city with artillery fire and causing many thousands of dead and wounded. From 1982 until March 2011, public manifestations of anti-regime activity were very limited.
This is an accurate account
Yeah

Mililani, HI

#976792 Sep 5, 2013
No Surprize wrote:
<quoted text>The faulty WMD intelligence came from the inept Clinton administration you idiot... Forget your history and you are doomed to repeat it you moron.... Syria anyone??
December 16,1998 WASHINGTON (CNN)-- From the Oval Office, President Clinton told the nation Wednesday evening why he ordered new military strikes against Iraq and starts war with Iraq.
"Saddam (Hussein) must not be allowed to threaten his neighbors or the world with NUCLEAR ARMS, poison gas or biological weapons," Clinton said.
Our mission is to attack Iraq's NUCLEAR, chemical and biological weapons programs and its military capacity to threaten its neighbors," said Clinton.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v =ENAV_UoIfgcXX&feature=rel ated
Iraq John Kerry:- "I voted for the war, before I voted against it"... Syria anyone??
The War Mongering Sickness and Poison of Unconscious Liberalism
It's the culture...
lol! Poor doofus.

Then you have no idea who Alan Kay is, or why bushie boy sent him to iraq.

You're such an easy shill to shake son.
Yeah

Mililani, HI

#976793 Sep 5, 2013
Eman wrote:
<quoted text>
The church supports democrats, kid. Facts bother you?
BTW, your week one liners are 99% "I know you are but what am I" so you really shouldn't be talking about anyone's intelligence. Just sayin'
lol! And cons today support the Church. So therefore you support democrats... at the second level!

Thanks for the lesson in logic son!
Yeah

Mililani, HI

#976794 Sep 5, 2013
Waxman wrote:
<quoted text>
Wrong Dong. By the way libturd, all of us were from other countries. That must be a revelation for an idiot like you, DemocRAT. So, how is that 50K doing for you Grey Ghost?
Can't be son. You laughed at the US Constitution!

You're really not all that bright... and I use that term extremely loosely in your case son!
Yeah

Mililani, HI

#976795 Sep 5, 2013
No Surprize wrote:
<quoted text>The great strength of the totalitarian state of liberalism is that it forces those who fear it to imitate it.
It's the culture..
lol! I notice when you're stuck and lost in the real world, you begin preaching to the wind!
Yeah

Mililani, HI

#976796 Sep 5, 2013
Waxman wrote:
The "Reverend" Jesse Jackson supports Obama killing people.
Nuff said.
lol! And unlike you, he's American son!
Yeah

Mililani, HI

#976797 Sep 5, 2013
No Surprize wrote:
<quoted text>It's the culture...
lol! Caught in an infinite loop and you can't escape!
No Surprize

Seminole, FL

#976798 Sep 5, 2013
Yeah wrote:
<quoted text>lol! I notice when you're stuck and lost in the real world, you begin preaching to the wind!
It's not truth that matters with the totalitarian liberalism, but victory you adolf.

It's the culture...
No Surprize

Seminole, FL

#976799 Sep 5, 2013
Yeah wrote:
<quoted text>lol! And unlike myself, he's American son!
It's the culture...

Since: Sep 08

Location hidden

#976800 Sep 5, 2013
Yeah wrote:
<quoted text>Ah! You surely are an exemplary example of an biased republican conservative!
How conveniently they ignore facts like Reagan provided Iraq with the satellite imagery, maps and other intelligence that permitted them to use mustard gas and sarin against Iran in order to insure the Reagan administration's long-standing policy of securing an Iraqi victory would succeed.

No doubt, that is their idea of a "Republican victory"... American complicity in some of the most gruesome chemical weapons attacks ever launched.

http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2013/08...
No Surprize

Seminole, FL

#976801 Sep 5, 2013
Yeah wrote:
<quoted text>lol! I notice when you're stuck and lost in the real world, you begin preaching to the wind!
The leader of genius has the ability to make you "idiot" belong to the category of dumbass....

It's the culture...
No Surprize

Seminole, FL

#976802 Sep 5, 2013
Yeah wrote:
<quoted text>lol! And today I support the Church of Parrot Flunky. So therefore I support Rats... at the second level!
Thanks for the lesson in logic son!
It's the culture...
No Surprize

Seminole, FL

#976803 Sep 5, 2013
USAsince1680 wrote:
<quoted text>
How conveniently they ignore facts like Reagan provided Iraq with the satellite imagery, maps and other intelligence that permitted them to use mustard gas and sarin against Iran in order to insure the Reagan administration's long-standing policy of securing an Iraqi victory would succeed.
No doubt, that is their idea of a "Republican victory"... American complicity in some of the most gruesome chemical weapons attacks ever launched.
http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2013/08...
Obama has mishandled Syria over the past few years. The good/very good options he once had to fix Syria, are in the rearview mirror, in the shiter you idiot...

Golf anyone? Vacations?? Taxpayer White House Parties? More incompetence, ineptitude?? Warmongering Anyone?? Over 100,000 Syrians killed in 2 years was no problem...

Anybody that would ask you for an idea or fact would be an idiot... Anything else fairy tale.

It's the culture...
Whatever

Gering, NE

#976804 Sep 5, 2013
Things heating up---

Obama tells Russia to get ships out of Syrian port

Putin tells US that Russia could come to Syria's aid over a strike

That must be some tense G8 summit.

Should you attempt to bully another country's leader while in his country?

Since: Sep 08

Location hidden

#976805 Sep 5, 2013
Yeah wrote:
<quoted text>lol! You have to understand, they can't attack you if they can't pigeon hole you!
Because it simply defeats their premise if you're allowed to think on of your own free will!
The goal of the GOP is to stifle the development of the desire and ability to think on one's own. Consequently, these cretins can't comprehend the concept of independent thought. Left defenseless, they fight back with name calling and lies.

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