Stop blaming the Republicans for every thing.<quoted text>
As usual, the internet and you fail when it comes to complex, nuanced history. You try to distill everything into convenient partisan divides and nothing as complex as Reconstruction can fit into such neat little boxes. Sherman never had the authority to offer anyone 40 acres and a mule, think of how that sounds outside of that particular context, the way you frame it: The Republican Party confiscates hundreds of thousands of acres of land from wealthy land owners and gives it to the poor. How does that set with your perception of the Party?
Nevertheless, 40 acres was limited to a very small coastal area and had little or nothing to do with the emergence of sharecropping. Its simple economics: freed slaves had no work and plantation owners had no one to work their land. Regardless of whether land reform on the Atlantic coast had succeeded, sharecropping would have spread throughout the rest of the South to level this economic imbalance.
Go read a book before you hurt yourself.
The FREEDMAN BUREAU
The bureau was run by the War Department, and its first and most important commissioner was General O.O. Howard, a Civil War hero sympathetic to blacks. The Bureau's task was to help the Southern blacks and whites make the transition from slavery to freedom.
Their responsibilities included introducing a system of free labor, overseeing some 3,000 schools for freedpersons, settling disputes and enforcing contracts between the usually white landowners and their black labor force, and securing justice for blacks in state courts. The Bureau was renewed by a Congressional bill in 1866 but was vetoed by President Andrew Johnson, who thought it was unconstitutional. Johnson was opposed to having the federal government secure black rights. Congress passed the bill over his veto. Southern whites were basically opposed to blacks having any rights at all, and the Bureau lacked military force to back up its authority as the army had been quickly disbanded and most of the soldiers assigned to the Western frontier.
he Bureau was able to accomplish some of its goals, especially in the field of education. It established a number of colleges and training schools for blacks, including Howard University (named for General Howard) and Hampton Institute.
Media Feature - Watch the Video
Learn about General O'Howard,
head of the Freedmen's Bureau.
Howard believed that the mission of the Bureau was a temporary one, wanting to avoid black dependency on the federal agency. He firmly believed that African Americans should obtain all their rights as quickly as possible, but failed to see that because of Southern white hostility long-term support was necessary for them to do so. The Bureau also failed to bring together whites and blacks in the South because it lacked the means to do so. It needed support from Southern and Northern politicians and received little help from either. Its staff was cut significantly by 1869 and it ceased operations in 1872.