HEy RACISTS DUNCE READ In the "invention of tradition"; process occurring now in Mali,<quoted text> We bump heads again 2/5 republican! I see you wasn't smart enough to wear a helmet this time.lol! The blackman in charge is targeting white folks & somehow black people in general are naive! Please tell me how that 1 works. Allow me to reiterate. Being white has it's perks I must admit, but through liberty breeds anarchy. Sorta like there's always something negative in something positive. Ask yourself this question or questions. Would a black kid from any of those cities you named have been able to fly under the radar trying to buy material to make a bomb or spend $20,000 on guns? I think not! Seems like those Liberty's y'all like to brag about is coming back to bite you in the ass. They ain't worried about any of the cities you names because no 1 from those cities, ghettos, hoods can get their hands on bomb making material. Not only that, but your people prove them right with every mass killing performed in the same fashion as jihadist kamikazes. This really has nothing to do black people & everything to do with the whitemans ignorance to there surroundings. Look at all these arabs owning gas stations. This has been a full on war since gwvb decided to invade iraq for control of their oil supplies. Some americans are as american as their names & like I said ", you just happen to be 1. Enjoy your liver leave as than a stripped from your palms 1 by 1.
Senegal and Guinea around this issue, I think we need to distinguish
between two so-called "Charts";: the Charte du Mande ("1222";) and
the "Charte de Kurukan Fuga"; ("1236";). Both versions claim to date
back to Sunjata's reign and his victory against Sosso, but they
provide different dates, and the formalised text is somewhat
different (texts included below for comparison).
The "Charte du Mandé"; is based on oral traditions of the Mandinka
hunters associations and, to my knowledge, was first published in
1991 (Cissé & Kamissoko 1991: 39). It is this version, transcribed by
Youssouf Tata Cissé which figures in the 2003 book (Cissé, Fofana &
Sagot-Duvauroux 2003) you mentioned.
The "Charte de Kurukan Fuga"; was reconstructed by Mandinka «
traditionnistes » from Senegal, Mali and Guinea at a workshop on
community radios in the Guinean town of Kankan in march 1998. This
workshop was financed by the Francophonie and Swiss Cooperation. The
traditionnistes first confronted their version in a closed hearing.
The Guinean judge Siriman Kouyaté then translated the proceedings
into French and organised it in 44 articles and a Preamble to turn it
into the equivalent of a modern constitution (Kouyaté 2003). This
constitutional version is supposed to be published soon by the
African Union, with a preface by Djibril Tamsir Niane. For the online
version of this newly born constitution, see
Souleymane Kanté(Amselle 2001:198), and before him Djibril Tamsir
Niane (Niane 1960:138) already referred to the Kurukan Fuga gathering
and statement. The 1236 (sometimes 1235) date, is an invention of the
French colonial administrator Maurice Delafosse.
Like the Charte du Mande, the Charte de Kurukan Fuga is presented by
its promoters as a "hidden treasury"; from the West African past. It
is already the basis for claims of endogenous origins of modern
concepts (decentralisation, local democracy, environment
conservation, feminism, human rights, cultural diversity, welfare
state). In 2000 in Bamako, a calendar of the "year 764 of Kurukan
Fuga"; was issued. In Senegal, the Charter of Kurukan Fuga is
already included in textbooks next to the Constitution of Senegal and
major UN texts on human rights.http://h-net.msu.edu/cg i-bin/logbrowse.pl?trx=vx& list=h-africa&month=0705 &week=d&msg=IlIfqapG/L QWpt3yiw4nbg&user=&pw=
DUNCE YOU MUST LEARN