The term "fascism" is a twentieth century term. However, the concept of fascism is as old as dictatorship. Fascism occurs when a dictator uses the concept of nationalism to command allegiance to himself, as opposed to using the concept of authority to command that allegiance.<quoted text>
How does banning embryonic stem cell research fit into your definition? Does it mean that only members of the Executive Branch were banned from conducting such research?
PS: Fascism developed in the 20th century, most of the founders were dead by then.
When such people as Napoleon commanded that everyone who loved France must love him was instituting a fascist principle.
I'd like to read that executive order.
If the law stated money will be spent on stem cell research, then the president cannot issue an executive order that violates existing law.
If a law does not state specifically that money will be used for stem cell research, but within the agency that disburses the funds they fund stem cell research, then it is within the Constitutional authority of an executive order to restrict the general distribution of money.
That would have been very easy to rectify. An executive order cannot violate any law. So, all Congress needed to do was write a specific law funding stem cell research, and no executive order would have the authority to stop it.
That's the way it works in the government of the United States.
So, please reference the law that specifically funded stem cell research, and reference the executive order that violated that law.
Text from each would be helpful.