Barack Obama, our next President

"The road ahead will be long. Our climb will be steep," Obama cautioned. Young and charismatic but with little experience on the national level, Obama smashed through racial barriers and easily defeated ... Full Story
Jonathan Hemlock

Bronx, NY

#777615 Oct 19, 2012
Middle Class:
Most southerners were in the Middle Class and were considered yeoman farmers, holding only a few acres and living in modest homes and cabins, raising hogs and chickens, and growing corn and cotton. Few yeoman farmers had any slaves and if they did own slaves, it was only one or two. Yeoman farming families owned an average of fifty acres and produced for themselves most of what they needed. These farmers traded farm produce like milk and eggs for needed services such as shoemaking and blacksmithing. Most people in this class admired the planter class and hoped to one day join those ranks. Though only a few held any slaves, almost all middle class southerners supported the slave system because they enjoyed the privileged status that a racially based society bestowed on them, and they feared that they would have to compete with the slaves for land and work if African Americans were free.

DEMOCRATS

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Jonathan Hemlock

Bronx, NY

#777616 Oct 19, 2012
Black Society
Free Persons of Color:
The Free Persons of Color may not have been slaves but they held an uncertain status because they were not white. They fell between slavery and freedom, always marked by their skin color. How were there free blacks living in the United States?

Some were freed on the same bases as indentured servants during the seventeenth century.
Some purchased their freedom after working and saving money.
Some were freed for service during wars such as the American Revolution.
Some were freed by conscientious masters in wills or during their masters’ lifetime.
Others were freed because they were the offspring or blood relation of the slaveholder

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Jonathan Hemlock

Bronx, NY

#777617 Oct 19, 2012
Louis C. Roudanez, mulatto and free person of color. Roudanez was a wealthy physician who also founded the first black newspaper in America to be published every day. He lived in Louisiana.

Mulattoes:
Free persons of color included a large number of mulattoes, or individuals of mixed blood. Some of these mulattoes, especially in New Orleans, amassed large fortunes and owned plantations which could be worked by their own slaves. Free people of color had limited rights. As more time passed, this class became looked upon with more and more animosity because of the dangers they posed to the institution of slavery. Whites distrusted free blacks and worried that they might instigate slave uprisings. Furthermore, whites were concerned that the very existence of free blacks could plant the seeds of rebellion as slaves saw freedom as an option for people of their race. For these reasons, the rights of free people of color were restricted. Often they were required to carry passes when traveling, and were asked to display their “papers,” proving their free status. This documentation, if lost, could mean that free blacks, even if known to be free in the community, might be placed into bondage. In many southern states, free people of color were prevented from settling, while those already in residence there were banished

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Jonathan Hemlock

Bronx, NY

#777618 Oct 19, 2012
Slaves: Baton Rouge, La., 2 April, 1863: "Overseer Artayou Carrier whipped me. I was two months in bed sore from the whipping. My master come after I was whipped; he discharged the overseer. The very words of poor Peter, taken as he sat for his picture."

Slaves sat at the bottom of the social hierarchy. Almost 4 million African Americans were enslaved by 1860, most through natural increase. Prices for slaves had risen steadily over the years, and the average field hand cost between $1,500 and $2,000 before the war. The high cost of slaves tempered the harshest treatment. Their value demanded at least the minimum of care from slave owners. Most slaves worked on plantations as field hands. Others worked in the house as servants, and a few chosen slaves became skilled craftsmen. Many plantations also used the position of slave driver to organize their large population of bondsmen. The driver was a slave whose job was to ensure the productivity of slave work. The position of slave driver might mean better quality housing or extra foodstuffs, but could also bring the scorn of fellow slaves upon the driver. Most slaves lived in slave quarters, away from the main house, in homes they built for themselves from material provided. Their masters distributed them clothing twice a year on average and shoes once, for use during the winter months. Rations of food were distributed once a week, the typical wares being pork, corn, and molasses. Most slaves worked dawn to dusk with little leisure time, although many tried to maintain a small vegetable garden in their spare time near their cabins.

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Jimmy

Newington, CT

#777619 Oct 19, 2012
Lily Boca Raton FL wrote:
<quoted text>
ABJECT ABJECT ABJECT
Seriously, you rightwingers need some new material, you're boring the hell out of us
When was your last OWS rally? Did everyone get the clap from you?

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Jane Says

New York, NY

#777620 Oct 19, 2012
yepperz wrote:
<quoted text>
Romney used the time to campaign more than anything else. Proving once more what a monotonous jerk he is.
"used the time to campaign more than anything else"

you just described the entire four years of Obama's presidency in nine simple words.
Jonathan Hemlock

Bronx, NY

#777621 Oct 19, 2012
Often slave children began work at the age of six or seven, beginning with small jobs such as keeping pests from the gardens. Field work, done by men and women, often began around the age of 12. Sometimes elderly slaves were not forced to work, and could spend their time gardening or caring for the children of field hands. Religion became an important part of the lives of many slaves. Some plantations held black worship services on Sundays, where the community’s white preacher would provide the sermon. Some areas allowed black congregations with their own black religious leaders. Often slaves held secret religious meetings that emphasized such biblical passages as the Hebrew’s escape from bondage in Egypt. Slave families were an important institution, but were under the constant threat of being separated through sale. Marriages between slaves, although not recognized legally, were often supported and encouraged by whites who knew that the stability of family units could deter runaways. Relationships between masters and slaves varied. Some masters did use the whip to command authority and respect, and slaves had little recourse. They could submit, run away, or rebel.

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Obamasharpton

Lakewood, NJ

#777622 Oct 19, 2012
Lily Boca Raton FL wrote:
<quoted text>
ABJECT ABJECT ABJECT
Seriously, you rightwingers need some new material, you're boring the hell out of us
Nothing could possibly remove the hell from you.

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Jonathan Hemlock

Bronx, NY

#777623 Oct 19, 2012
Resistance to Slavery
American slaves, although forced into a state of bondage, found a myriad of ways to exert a measure of control over their situations. Resistance to slavery by its victims exhibited itself in many forms, from the very mild and subtle, to the violent and severe. Cooks had the opportunity to poison food or steal portions to supplement the food supply for themselves and their families. Field workers sometimes broke tools or intentionally slowed their work pace. House workers who were aware of the white family’s conversations could warn fellow slaves about upcoming sales or punishments. Slaves sometimes physically resisted punishment by their overseers by fighting back. In addition, many slaves ran away temporarily in order to show that they had been mistreated, while some ran away from the plantation completely. Slaves who did not run away often aided the flight of those who did by hiding them or refusing to give information on their whereabouts. Slave rebellions were the most extreme form of resistance to slavery.

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fred

Milford, CT

#777624 Oct 19, 2012
Lily Boca Raton FL wrote:
<quoted text>
ABJECT ABJECT ABJECT
Seriously, you rightwingers need some new material, you're boring the hell out of us
fred invented the line The Kenyan's communist coup is an abject failure.

Definition of ABJECT
1
: sunk to or existing in a low state or condition <to lowest pitch of abject fortune thou art fallen — John Milton>

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Jonathan Hemlock

Bronx, NY

#777625 Oct 19, 2012
Did you know...
The surge in slave population was due to birth in the United States. No new slaves had entered the country since 1808, when Congress banned the importation of slaves from Africa.

Slave rebellions remained a constant fear in the South, especially in states where the slave population outnumbered the white. Whites had allowed the control of so many aspects of their lives to fall into the hands of their slaves—such as food preparation and childcare—that the idea of a violent insurrection of slaves was a terrifying possibility. As a result of this fear, whites created laws designed to stave off possible rebellion such as the prohibition of education of slaves, the requirement of passes for slave travel, and the restriction against allowing slaves to own or use firearms.

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Jonathan Hemlock

Bronx, NY

#777626 Oct 19, 2012
The Nat Turner Insurrection of 1831
Only one rebellion got beyond the planning stages. The Nat Turner Insurrection of 1831 occurred in Virginia. Nat Turner, a black overseer and self-taught preacher, believed that God had given him a mission to lead a movement to end slavery. A handful of men followed Turner, killed everyone in his master’s household, and continued to kill other whites as they moved away from the main plantation. As they did, other slaves joined in. Before Turner was captured, the revolting slaves killed fifty-five whites. A trial resulted in seventeen slaves hanged and seven deportations, but the militia killed other slaves indiscriminately while trying to put down the rebellion.

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Jane Says

New York, NY

#777627 Oct 19, 2012
Lily Boca Raton FL wrote:
<quoted text>
ABJECT ABJECT ABJECT
Seriously, you rightwingers need some new material, you're boring the hell out of us
because your life is otherwise action packed and fascinating?
Jimmy

Newington, CT

#777628 Oct 19, 2012
Obama needs another Nobel Peace Prize for doing "nothing"

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Jonathan Hemlock

Bronx, NY

#777630 Oct 19, 2012
The surge in slave population was due to birth in the United States. No new slaves had entered the country since 1808, when Congress banned the importation of slaves from Africa.

Slave rebellions remained a constant fear in the South, especially in states where the slave population outnumbered the white. Whites had allowed the control of so many aspects of their lives to fall into the hands of their slaves—such as food preparation and childcare—that the idea of a violent insurrection of slaves was a terrifying possibility. As a result of this fear,DEMOCRATIC whites created laws designed to stave off possible rebellion such as the prohibition of education of slaves, the requirement of passes for slave travel, and the restriction against allowing slaves to own or use firearms.
Jimmy

Newington, CT

#777631 Oct 19, 2012
Jane Says wrote:
<quoted text>because your life is otherwise action packed and fascinating?
Lil's excitement and joy in life is being a nasty VHB on Topix day in, day out. The only thing more boring than her life is death, but it's a close call.
Patriot

Denver, CO

#777632 Oct 19, 2012
10/18/2012 — History of Assumption Sinkhole – Media Blackout Since 2011

http://sincedutch.wordpress.com/

&li st=UUvaA5rmNk3dvPtD7duj8lMg &index=3&feature=plcp

http://www.youtube.com/watch...

http://www.zengardner.com/the-plan-to-divide-...
Jonathan Hemlock

Bronx, NY

#777634 Oct 19, 2012
Yeoman’s Return:
Small-scale Ownership
and the Next
Progressive Era Though Americans are deeply divided in their politics, they
still generally share one transcendent political value. It is
the distinctly American notion that the widespread ownership
of property—particularly homes, small businesses,
and financial savings—benefits individuals and the nation.
This core American belief descends from a political tradition
in American life that is older than the Republic itself. It
is the Yeoman ideal—which holds that small-scale property
ownership confers special dignity and autonomy to the individual,
while also improving civic participation and serving
as a check on monopoly capital.
From Jeffersonian farmer to unionized craft tradesman to
internet entrepreneur, the values of the yeoman have given
shape to American politics. Challenged by the issue of slavery
and later by the spread of mass production and consumerism,
it is a tradition that nearly flickered out among both
Republicans and Democrats in the 1950s, 60s and 70s, but
that has been gaining new relevancy and urgency ever since.
The reasons include the declining market power of wage
earners in a global economy and the unraveling of employersponsored
health and pension systems—trends that
increase the importance of asset ownership and economic
self-sufficiency. They also include new technologies and
shifts in consumer preferences that promise to favor small
producers and holders of capital in the future if enabled by
appropriate public policies.
Because of the long hold and widespread appeal of the yeoman
ideal on the American political imagination, a politics
that pays honor to this tradition has the potential to bridge
the country’s cultural divides while also advancing progressive
policy agendas, ranging from health care,“open
access” wireless communication and baby bonds, to antitrust
and farm policy.

“It's always darkest 'fore dawn”

Since: Jul 08

When's dawn?

#777635 Oct 19, 2012
Jimmy wrote:
<quoted text>
Lil's excitement and joy in life is being a nasty VHB on Topix day in, day out. The only thing more boring than her life is death, but it's a close call.
VHB??? You never had an original thought in your miserable life, did you? Typical Fox watching, Limbaugh listening, republican rich man's boot licker, voting against his own best interests (if not for that felony conviction).

Since: Feb 10

ny ny

#777636 Oct 19, 2012
Jane Says wrote:
<quoted text>
"used the time to campaign more than anything else"
you just described the entire four years of Obama's presidency in nine simple words.
No, wrong again topix hag. That's your opinion. Rush told you so you repeat it. Take off the dunce cap, halloween is a couple of weeks away. Besides, it doesn't match that sheet costume. That requires a hood.

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