I notice you dodged all of the other issues but I will address your one point. Just like the United States, the Soviets had a protocol for launch of "special munitions". In the case for an American "Boomer" they have the Two-Man-Rule where they both must confirm and agree. The captain of a Boomer can not by himself launch his missiles and likewise the Soviet commander must be in agreement with the Political Officer.<quoted text>
Rouge read this
Fifty years after the crisis, Graham Allison wrote:
Fifty years ago, the Cuban missile crisis brought the world to the brink of nuclear disaster. During the standoff, U.S. President John F. Kennedy thought the chance of escalation to war was "between 1 in 3 and even," and what we have learned in later decades has done nothing to lengthen those odds. We now know, for example, that in addition to nuclear-armed ballistic missiles, the Soviet Union had deployed 100 tactical nuclear weapons to Cuba, and the local Soviet commander there could have launched these weapons without additional codes or commands from Moscow. The U.S. air strike and invasion that were scheduled for the third week of the confrontation would likely have triggered a nuclear response against American ships and troops, and perhaps even Miami. The resulting war might have led to the deaths of 100 million Americans and over 100 million Russians
Allison, Graham; Zelikow, Philip (1999). Essence of Decision, Explaining the Cuban Missile Crisis. New York: Addison Wesley Longman. ISBN 0-321-01349-2.
Every military unit in the Soviet Union had a KGB Political Officer who could countermand any order by the unit commander to launch their weapons!!!
Oh yea of no experience in these matters thing you know everything.
Oh, you still have not explained why we did not need the Skybolt and then went ahead under Reagan to develop the next generation of cruise missiles which we are still using to this day?!?
And can you explain why the removed the Hound Dogs from service in .... 1978 (under ... Jimmy "The Peanut Man" Carter)
From Wiki: On September 22, 1966, Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara recommended retiring all of the remaining Hound Dog missiles, within a few years. The Hound Dogs would be retained pending the outcome of the Terrain Contour Matching (TERCOM) guidance system development program. Secretary McNamara's recommendation was not acted upon, and the Hound Dog remained in service 
After thirteen years of service with the Air Force, the last Hound Dog missile was removed from alert deployment on June 30, 1975. The Hound Dog missiles were kept in dead storage for a number of years. The last Hound Dog was retired for scrapping on June 15, 1978, from the 42nd Bomb Wing at Loring Air Force Base, Maine.