But there were other leaders besides Howard:<quoted text>not once did Howard refer to English common law, it was Natural Law and National Law (Civil Rights Act), which he placed into the Constitution, which prevented it from being overturned. The Civil Rights Act of 1866, is just as good today as it was then.
“Is not the child born in this country of German parents a citizen? I am afraid we have got very few citizens in some of the counties of good old Pennsylvania if the children born of German parents are not citizens.”-Senator Lyman Trumbull, Cong. Globe 39th, 1st Sess 498 (1866).
“Who are natural-born citizens but those born within the republic? Those born within the Republic, whether black or white, are citizens by birth—natural-born citizens.” John Bingham, Cong. Globe 37th Cong., 2nd Sess. 1639 (1862)
And Howard himself indicates that the place of birth is what makes a US citizen at birth.
“A citizen of the United States is held by the courts to be a person who was born within the limits of the United States and subject to their laws.” Senator Jacob Howard, Cong. Globe 39th Cong., 1st Sess, 2765 (1866).
Moreover, while Howard may not say that the source is the common law, he does indicate that jurisdiction refers to the place of birth:
"They became such in virtue of national law, or rather natural law which recognizes persons born within the jurisdiction of every country as being subjects or citizens of that country. Such persons were, therefore, citizens of the United States as were born in the country or were made by naturalization.” Senator Jacob Howard, Cong. Globe 39th Cong., 1st Sess, 2765 (1866).
But the bottom line is that the US Supreme Court decided that the meaning of jurisdiction in the 14th amendment refers to the territory of the USA, and it is the US Supreme Court that has the final say. Recently the US Supreme Court turned down an appeal of a court ruling in Georgia that ruled that every child born in the USA is a Natural Born Citizen. What is the effect of rejecting the appeal? It is that the ruling in Georgia stands.