His words were never controlling, and he understood that.<quoted text>If Howard's words are not controlling, why do you post them so much?
Howard was correct! Aliens born here are not subject to the jurisdiction of the Constitution.
Why is Dale so upset that I quote his hero's statements that are clearly at odds with birfoon play law?
Despite the fact that Senator Howard's opinion is not controlling, he didn't believe children born in the US of alien parents were subject to a foreign power. Indeed, he believed that such children were born citizens of the United States.
They became such in virtue of national law, or rather natural law which recognizes persons born within the jurisdiction of every country as being subjects or citizens of that country. Such persons were, therefore, citizens of the United States as were born in the country or were made by naturalization. Senator Jacob Howard, Cong. Globe 39th Cong., 1st Sess, 2765 (1866).
A citizen of the United States is held by the courts to be a person who was born within the limits of the United States and subject to their laws. Senator Jacob Howard, Cong. Globe 39th Cong., 1st Sess, 2765 (1866).