The dog devised a plan!!!??? Dogs are pretty smart critters but devising plans? So I suppose this dog and his pals are now devising a plot to assassinate Morris the cat. Ya think? Careful, your anthropomorphic psychosis is showing again.<quoted text>
Six years in Psych 101 and this is all you learned ? Sounds like cognition to me. No proof it was simple trial and error, or action/reward. The dog was confronted with a challenge and devised a plan to overcome it. Prove otherwise.
PS. Those dogs depicted in that carnival tapestry hanging on the wall over your beer can collection don't really play cards........they're not real.....they don't exist. A self-proclaimed super genius like you should know that.