2,700-year-old marijuana stash found

2,700-year-old marijuana stash found

Posted in the African-American Forum

“Not African, we're Orginal!”

Since: Sep 08

The World

#1 Nov 30, 2008
OTTAWA – Researchers say they have located the world's oldest stash of marijuana, in a tomb in a remote part of China.

The cache of cannabis is about 2,700 years old and was clearly "cultivated for psychoactive purposes," rather than as fibre for clothing or as food, says a research paper in the Journal of Experimental Botany.

The 789 grams of dried cannabis was buried alongside a light-haired, blue-eyed Caucasian man, likely a shaman of the Gushi culture, near Turpan in northwestern China.

The extremely dry conditions and alkaline soil acted as preservatives, allowing a team of scientists to carefully analyze the stash, which still looked green though it had lost its distinctive odour.

"To our knowledge, these investigations provide the oldest documentation of cannabis as a pharmacologically active agent," says the newly published paper, whose lead author was American neurologist Dr. Ethan B. Russo.

Remnants of cannabis have been found in ancient Egypt and other sites, and the substance has been referred to by authors such as the Greek historian Herodotus. But the tomb stash is the oldest so far that could be thoroughly tested for its properties.

The 18 researchers, most of them based in China, subjected the cannabis to a battery of tests, including carbon dating and genetic analysis. Scientists also tried to germinate 100 of the seeds found in the cache, without success.

The marijuana was found to have a relatively high content of THC, the main active ingredient in cannabis, but the sample was too old to determine a precise percentage.

Researchers also could not determine whether the cannabis was smoked or ingested, as there were no pipes or other clues in the tomb of the shaman, who was about 45 years old.

The large cache was contained in a leather basket and in a wooden bowl, and was likely meant to be used by the shaman in the afterlife.

"This materially is unequivocally cannabis, and no material has previously had this degree of analysis possible," Russo said in an interview from Missoula, Mont.

"It was common practice in burials to provide materials needed for the afterlife. No hemp or seeds were provided for fabric or food. Rather, cannabis as medicine or for visionary purposes was supplied."

The tomb also contained bridles, archery equipment and a harp, confirming the man's high social standing.

Russo is a full-time consultant with GW Pharmaceuticals, which makes Sativex, a cannabis-based medicine approved in Canada for pain linked to multiple sclerosis and cancer.

The company operates a cannabis-testing laboratory at a secret location in southern England to monitor crop quality for producing Sativex, and allowed Russo use of the facility for tests on 11 grams of the tomb cannabis.

Researchers needed about 10 months to cut red tape barring the transfer of the cannabis to England from China, Russo said.

The inter-disciplinary study was published this week by the British-based botany journal, which uses independent reviewers to ensure the accuracy and objectivity of all submitted papers.

The substance has been found in two of the 500 Gushi tombs excavated so far in northwestern China, indicating that cannabis was either restricted for use by a few individuals or was administered as a medicine to others through shamans, Russo said.

"It certainly does indicate that cannabis has been used by man for a variety of purposes for thousands of years."

Russo, who had a neurology practice for 20 years, has previously published studies examining the history of cannabis.

"I hope we can avoid some of the political liabilities of the issue," he said, referring to his latest paper.

The region of China where the tomb is located, Xinjiang, is considered an original source of many cannabis strains worldwide.

http://www.torontosun.com/news/weird/2008/11/...

“Not African, we're Orginal!”

Since: Sep 08

The World

#2 Nov 30, 2008
Soooo... the great wall of China was built to keep you in...he?
West side

Sargent, GA

#3 Nov 30, 2008
Kobena wrote:
Soooo... the great wall of China was built to keep you in...he?
Keep who in?Pinky?

“Not African, we're Orginal!”

Since: Sep 08

The World

#4 Nov 30, 2008
West side wrote:
<quoted text>Keep who in?Pinky?
Well... it is pinky's own theory..

“Not African, we're Orginal!”

Since: Sep 08

The World

#5 Nov 30, 2008
Mummies Prove It: Once, China Was Inhabited by White People

Chinese people are maybe the symbol for the Mongoloid race. The first question that emerges in our mind when we see an Asian face is: are you Chinese?

Even if many are Japanese, Korean, Thai, Vietnamese and so on.

But what people do not know is that during the Antiquity, while Egyptians were building their impressive pyramids and Greeks were fighting for Troy, Western China was in fact inhabited by blond-haired blue-eyed white people.

Now, a group of Chinese archaeologists
is attempting to identify a 2,800-year-old mummy of an Caucasian man found in an ancient tomb from Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region (Northwest China), another from a long series.

The well-preserved mummy is likely the one of a shaman and has been under examination since it has been found in 2003.

The scientists were puzzled by the presence of a sack of marijuana leaves that archaeologists found buried with the leather-coat bound mummy.

"From his outfit and the marijuana leaves, which have been confirmed by international specialists to be ingredients for narcotic, we assume the man had been a shaman and had been between 40 and 50 years old when he died," noted historian Li Xiao explained.

The 2003 exploration on the area brought to light 600 mummies from 2,000 area tombs.

These mummies of the white people that once inhabited Western China were not embalmed, like the Egyptian ones, but they were unwittingly preserved from decay by local climate: extreme summer heat and aridity, bitter winter cold, and salty soil.

When researchers first discovered the mummies, they were astonished by their certain European appearance, with blond or red hair, prominent noses, mustaches and beards, tartan-weave garments, and jaunty feathered caps.

The mummy people, called the Tocharians, left even a written language that is clearly Indo-European.

Also, in old Chinese chronicles, contacts with red-haired people from the west are depicted.

http://news.softpedia.com/news/Mummies-Proves...

“Not African, we're Orginal!”

Since: Sep 08

The World

#6 Nov 30, 2008
Kobena wrote:
<quoted text>
Well... it is pinky's own theory..
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v =ugPyA5MCY7EXX
The first link is an error...You need to look at this clip. It ain't me...it's pinky's own theory.

On the great wall of China!
http://www.youtube.com/watch...

“Shed so many tears”

Level 7

Since: Jan 08

Location hidden

#7 Nov 30, 2008
Has anybody called Snoop Dog yet, I know he want first dibs!

“Not African, we're Orginal!”

Since: Sep 08

The World

#8 Nov 30, 2008
Did Caucasians roam China before East Asians arrived?
Thu, June 23 2005

After years of controversy and political intrigue, archaeologists using genetic testing have proven that Caucasians roamed China's Tarim Basin 1,000 years before East Asian people arrived.

The research, which the Chinese government has appeared to have delayed making public out of concerns of fuelling Uighur Muslim separatism in its western-most Xinjiang region, is based on a cache of ancient dried-out corpses that have been found around the Tarim Basin in recent decades.

"It is unfortunate that the issue has been so politicised because it has created a lot of difficulties," said Victor Mair, a specialist in the ancient corpses and co-author of Mummies of the Tarim Basin.

"It would be better for everyone to approach this from a purely scientific and historical perspective." The discoveries in the 1980s of the undisturbed 4,000-year-old "Beauty of Loulan" and the younger 3,000-year-old body of the "Charchan Man" are legendary in world archaeological circles for the fine state of their preservation and for the wealth of knowledge they bring to modern research. In historic and scientific circles the discoveries along the ancient Silk Road were on a par with finding the Egyptian mummies.

But China's concern over its rule in restive Xinjiang has widely been perceived as impeding faster research into them and greater publicity of the findings.

The desiccated corpses, which avoided natural decomposition due to the dry atmosphere and alkaline soils in the Tarim Basin, have not only given scientists a look into their physical biologies, but their clothes, tools and burial rituals have given historians a glimpse into life in the Bronze Age.

Mair, who played a pivotal role in bringing the discoveries to Western scholars in the 1990s, has worked tirelessly to get Chinese approval to take samples out of China for definitive genetic testing.

One expedition in recent years succeeded in collecting 52 samples with the aide of Chinese researchers, but later Mr Mair's hosts had a change of heart and only let five of them out of the country.

"I spent six months in Sweden last year doing nothing but genetic research," Mr Mair said from his home in the United States where he teaches at the University of Pennsylvania. "My research has shown that in the second millennium BC, the oldest mummies, like the Loulan Beauty, were the earliest settlers in the Tarim Basin.

"From the evidence available, we have found that during the first 1,000 years after the Loulan Beauty, the only settlers in the Tarim Basin were Caucasoid."

East Asian peoples only began showing up in the eastern portions of the Tarim Basin about 3,000 years ago, Mair said, while the Uighur peoples arrived after the collapse of the Orkon Uighur Kingdom, largely based in modern day Mongolia, around the year 842.

"Modern DNA and ancient DNA show that Uighurs, Kazaks, Krygyzs, the peoples of Central Asia are all mixed Caucasian and East Asian.

"The modern and ancient DNA tell the same story," he said.

Mair hopes to publish his new findings in the coming months.

http://www.asianpacificpost.com/portal2/40288...

“Not African, we're Orginal!”

Since: Sep 08

The World

#9 Nov 30, 2008
JustdroppedIN wrote:
Has anybody called Snoop Dog yet, I know he want first dibs!
lol!
West side

Sargent, GA

#10 Nov 30, 2008
Kobena wrote:
<quoted text>
The first link is an error...You need to look at this clip. It ain't me...it's pinky's own theory.
On the great wall of China!
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v =U0JKGFDJ6QgXX
Maybe the David story in the bible in the book of Kings were it says that he built up Garisons(walls)to round up the edomites(whites caucasians)was an allegorical story about this.

APV

“You were saying about bp aging”

Level 3

Since: Apr 08

still busy trolling??

#11 Nov 30, 2008
interesting...I wonder how they preserved it or kept it from drying out!

“Not African, we're Orginal!”

Since: Sep 08

The World

#12 Dec 1, 2008
APV wrote:
interesting...I wonder how they preserved it or kept it from drying out!
I think they used the magical plant for everything.

APV

“You were saying about bp aging”

Level 3

Since: Apr 08

still busy trolling??

#13 Dec 1, 2008
Kobena wrote:
<quoted text>
I think they used the magical plant for everything.
Nothing is wrong with using nature's remedies!

;o)
JUST ONCE

Boynton Beach, FL

#14 Dec 1, 2008
Kobena wrote:
Did Caucasians roam China before East Asians arrived?
Thu, June 23 2005
After years of controversy and political intrigue, archaeologists using genetic testing have proven that Caucasians roamed China's Tarim Basin 1,000 years before East Asian people arrived.
The research, which the Chinese government has appeared to have delayed making public out of concerns of fuelling Uighur Muslim separatism in its western-most Xinjiang region, is based on a cache of ancient dried-out corpses that have been found around the Tarim Basin in recent decades.
"It is unfortunate that the issue has been so politicised because it has created a lot of difficulties," said Victor Mair, a specialist in the ancient corpses and co-author of Mummies of the Tarim Basin.
"It would be better for everyone to approach this from a purely scientific and historical perspective." The discoveries in the 1980s of the undisturbed 4,000-year-old "Beauty of Loulan" and the younger 3,000-year-old body of the "Charchan Man" are legendary in world archaeological circles for the fine state of their preservation and for the wealth of knowledge they bring to modern research. In historic and scientific circles the discoveries along the ancient Silk Road were on a par with finding the Egyptian mummies.
But China's concern over its rule in restive Xinjiang has widely been perceived as impeding faster research into them and greater publicity of the findings.
The desiccated corpses, which avoided natural decomposition due to the dry atmosphere and alkaline soils in the Tarim Basin, have not only given scientists a look into their physical biologies, but their clothes, tools and burial rituals have given historians a glimpse into life in the Bronze Age.
Mair, who played a pivotal role in bringing the discoveries to Western scholars in the 1990s, has worked tirelessly to get Chinese approval to take samples out of China for definitive genetic testing.
One expedition in recent years succeeded in collecting 52 samples with the aide of Chinese researchers, but later Mr Mair's hosts had a change of heart and only let five of them out of the country.
"I spent six months in Sweden last year doing nothing but genetic research," Mr Mair said from his home in the United States where he teaches at the University of Pennsylvania. "My research has shown that in the second millennium BC, the oldest mummies, like the Loulan Beauty, were the earliest settlers in the Tarim Basin.
"From the evidence available, we have found that during the first 1,000 years after the Loulan Beauty, the only settlers in the Tarim Basin were Caucasoid."
East Asian peoples only began showing up in the eastern portions of the Tarim Basin about 3,000 years ago, Mair said, while the Uighur peoples arrived after the collapse of the Orkon Uighur Kingdom, largely based in modern day Mongolia, around the year 842.
"Modern DNA and ancient DNA show that Uighurs, Kazaks, Krygyzs, the peoples of Central Asia are all mixed Caucasian and East Asian.
"The modern and ancient DNA tell the same story," he said.
Mair hopes to publish his new findings in the coming months.
http://www.asianpacificpost.com/portal2/40288...
The error that Mair will make is to refer to these individuals as Caucasians. It is giving a people(s) a name after the fact to support an artificial social constructed description of group of individuals with a phenotype similar to a later classification designed by Coon and others.

“Not African, we're Orginal!”

Since: Sep 08

The World

#15 Dec 1, 2008
JUST ONCE wrote:
<quoted text>
The error that Mair will make is to refer to these individuals as Caucasians. It is giving a people(s) a name after the fact to support an artificial social constructed description of group of individuals with a phenotype similar to a later classification designed by Coon and others.
I'm interested in these 'human' traits: Blue Eyes, Blond/Red hair and pinks skin. It doesn't matter what they call these people. I specifically want to know WHO, WHAT and WHERE they originate. I'm tired of SO MUCH BULLSHIT. I get the creeps when these people go digging inside of Africa for their 'roots'.

“Not African, we're Orginal!”

Since: Sep 08

The World

#16 Apr 14, 2009
Hey...remember this?

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