Mommy...Mommy are there really Two Sets of Laws in America?
Posted in the African-American Forum
#1 Jan 12, 2013
C. CULTURE AS A PROCESS
Culture is a set of rules for behavior. You cannot see culture because you cannot see the rules; you can only see...the behaviors the rules produce...Cultural rules influence people to behave similarly, in ways which help them to understand each other... For example, cultural rules shape food preferences...The essence of culture is not these behaviors themselves, but the rules that produce the behaviors.
Culture is characteristic of groups. The rules of a culture are shared by the group, not invented by the individual; the rules of the group which are passed on from one generation to the form the core of the culture...
Culture is learned...What each person learns depends upon the cultural rules of the people who raise them...Because culture is learned, it is a mistake to assume a persons culture by the way s/he looks...Culture can be well learned by some people in the group and less well learned by others...
Cultures borrow and share rules...Cultural rules change over time, and sometimes when two groups have extensive contact with one another, they influence each other in some areas...(Excerpts taken from CULTURE AS A PROCESS by Carol Brunson Phillips; February 27, 1991. Thanks to lntisar Shareef for calling my attention to this material.)
II. WHAT IS WHITE CULTURE?
A. AN HISTORICAL DEFINITION OF WHITE
The term white as applied to people was first used by slave-owning colonialists in 17th century Maryland and Virginia to describe poor indentured servants who came from Europe. Originally, these servants had been called Englishmen,Irishmen or Christians, but the colonial ruling class began to use the term white to distinguish European servants from African ones, who were often called Negro, which means black in Spanish.
The Virginia legislature made the term white a legal distinction in 1691, after a series of joint rebellions by European and African servants, culminating in Bacons Rebellion of 1676, nearly brought down the colonial ruling powers.(Information provided by Peoples Institute.) In the slave codes of 1705, especially in the Act concerning servants and slaves,colonial rulers gave poor whites certain legislated privileges, such as a small plot of land or freedom dues(wages) after completion of their term of servitude; the right to sue their masters in court; and exemption from public whipping for punishment! At the same time, the legislature wrote the laws which provided the institutionalized foundations for chattel slavery for Africans.
From that time on, throughout U.S. history, to be white has meant to have access to certain forms of preferential treatment, and exemption from racial oppression, solely on the basis of European ancestry and (allegedly)white skin. Thus, the concepts of white people and white privilege share the same historical and institutional roots. And both terms are artificial, historical constructions to serve political purposes: creating separations among oppressed peoples on the basis of skin color and ancestral origin so that they would not unite against a common oppressor.
(For more on the historical origins of the terms white and white privilege:(1) Theodore William Allen, Class Struggle and the Origin of Racial Slavery: The Invention of the White Race. 1975 pamphlet.(2) Theodore Allen,Introduction, The Invention of the White Race: Racial Oppression and Social Control. Vol. 1. London: Verso Books, 1994.(3) A. Leon Higginbotham, Jr., In The Matter of Color: Race & the American Legal Process: The Colonial Period. Oxford University Press, 1980, especially pages 5357..(4) Lerone Bennett, Jr.The Road Not Taken, in The Shaping of Black America. Chicago, 1975.)
#2 Jan 12, 2013
I find it extremely hilarious to hear poor white folk call poor black names. You fools are so ignorant! Your OWN people sold YOU into slavery! And i have listened to you on here trying to brag about being white like it's some kind of damn Gold Medal. It's NOT! You are nothing more than mere slaves yourselves. Yet you still play the oppressors game with the skin color because you know that today Blacks are doing better than a whole lot of you!
The only reason I believe they refrained from beating your asses in public is that they knew you were weak and would have died with the first lash. Now who's zooming who?
So go find your corner of the internet and have a nice little chat about your slave history and stop trying to pretend like you are better than others.
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