Sociological Defintion. Of Racism

Sociological Defintion. Of Racism

Posted in the African-American Forum

Since: Nov 07

Brooklyn, NY

#1 Dec 16, 2007
[edit] Sociological definitions

Some sociologists have defined racism as a system of group privilege. In Portraits of White Racism David Wellman (1993) has defined racism as "culturally sanctioned beliefs, which, regardless of intentions involved, defend the advantages whites have because of the subordinated position of racial minorities,”(Wellman 1993: x). Sociologists Noel Cazenave and Darlene Alvarez Maddern define racism as “...a highly organized system of 'race'-based group privilege that operates at every level of society and is held together by a sophisticated ideology of color/'race' supremacy. Racist systems include, but cannot be reduced to, racial bigotry,”(Cazenave and Maddern 1999: 42). Sociologist and former American Sociological Association president Joe Feagin argues that the United States can be characterized as a "total racist society" because racism is used to organize every social institution (Feagin 2000, p. 16). More recently, Feagin has articulated a comprehensive theory of racial oppression in the U.S. in his book Systemic Racism: A Theory of Oppression (Routledge, 2006). Feagin examines how major institutions have been built upon racial oppression which was not an accident of history, but was created intentionally by white Americans. In Feagin's view, white Americans labored hard to create a system of racial oppression in the 17th century and have worked diligently to maintain the system ever since. While Feagin acknowledges that changes have occurred in this racist system over the centuries, he contends that key and fundamental elements have been reproduced over nearly four centuries, and that U.S. institutions today reflect the racialized hierarchy created in the 17th century. Today, as in the past, racial oppression is not just a surface-level feature of this society, but rather pervades, permeates, and interconnects all major social groups, networks, and institutions across the society. Feagin's definition stands in sharp contrast to psychological definitions that assume racism is an "attitude" or an irrational form of bigotry that exists apart from the organization of social structure.
__________

I just found this definition by "Whites" interesting.However,no matter how apparent and clear,Delusional Black people will ALWAYS think that Racism is isolated.They explain the many levels of Racism.But again Some blacks continue to believe that Blacks and Whites can be both racist.You're insane!!! Peace yall.Com ments are very welcome.I hope we get intellectual answers and not emotional ones which is normally typical.Not just wordy answers just make sense.Keep it real!!And white people on this forum try to avoid focusing on me or Black people,try to keep it on "YOU" which i think is impossible.Prove me wrong.
dirty whiteboy

Traverse City, MI

#2 Dec 16, 2007
it's a pretty interesting read and had it been released 30 or 40 years ago i may have completely agreed with it. i personally believe that what they note as the psychological definition of racism is the true definition and it's that attitude that created the organization of the race based social structure.
the statement "...a highly organized system of race based group privilege that operates at every level of society and is held together by a sophisticated ideology of color/race supremacy." definitely rang true from what i understand of the slavery era and was a very real part of life even as little as 50 years ago. the two different definitions are very true and although i believe that the culture in the U.S. use to be more like mr. wellman's definition i feel that now racism takes form in the psychological definition.
is it possible for a nation to move from one to the other though? i think it has. as the ideas of organizations based on racial supremacy are slowly being toppled and the idea of equality is being brought out people that do not want to let go of the past are left with nothing more than their irrational ideas of bigotry to comfort them.
Mike W

Syracuse, NY

#3 Aug 3, 2010
I jst found this but had to respond to your ignorance - an ignorance you bear as a human. period. first: that is not "whites" definition that statement is an ignorant generalization what you have quoted is Wellman's definition. Second why do you continually generalize white people? i.e.'try to keep it on "YOU" which i think is impossible.' seems racist to me. Third ask the UN, Oxford's dictionary or Webster's dictionary and racism is a belief that one color is inferior than another in terms of human race - therefore anyone that holds these views blac, white brown, yaellow, green, red etc. is a Racist. You sir, are a racist so why not evolve. BTW in response to your article the sociological definition is bologna I trust the dictionary. You should get spelling and grammar lessons before you try to incite ignorance - it would give your words some semblance of actual sense no matter how misguided
Mike W

Syracuse, NY

#4 Aug 3, 2010
Do you now see how mistyping and misspelling causes a message to lose its pace?
SJH

Worcester, MA

#5 Mar 30, 2012
Word up wrote:
[edit] Sociological definitions
Some sociologists have defined racism as a system of group privilege. In Portraits of White Racism David Wellman (1993) has defined racism as "culturally sanctioned beliefs, which, regardless of intentions involved, defend the advantages whites have because of the subordinated position of racial minorities,”(Wellman 1993: x). Sociologists Noel Cazenave and Darlene Alvarez Maddern define racism as “...a highly organized system of 'race'-based group privilege that operates at every level of society and is held together by a sophisticated ideology of color/'race' supremacy. Racist systems include, but cannot be reduced to, racial bigotry,”(Cazenave and Maddern 1999: 42). Sociologist and former American Sociological Association president Joe Feagin argues that the United States can be characterized as a "total racist society" because racism is used to organize every social institution (Feagin 2000, p. 16). More recently, Feagin has articulated a comprehensive theory of racial oppression in the U.S. in his book Systemic Racism: A Theory of Oppression (Routledge, 2006). Feagin examines how major institutions have been built upon racial oppression which was not an accident of history, but was created intentionally by white Americans. In Feagin's view, white Americans labored hard to create a system of racial oppression in the 17th century and have worked diligently to maintain the system ever since. While Feagin acknowledges that changes have occurred in this racist system over the centuries, he contends that key and fundamental elements have been reproduced over nearly four centuries, and that U.S. institutions today reflect the racialized hierarchy created in the 17th century. Today, as in the past, racial oppression is not just a surface-level feature of this society, but rather pervades, permeates, and interconnects all major social groups, networks, and institutions across the society. Feagin's definition stands in sharp contrast to psychological definitions that assume racism is an "attitude" or an irrational form of bigotry that exists apart from the organization of social structure.
__________
I just found this definition by "Whites" interesting.However,no matter how apparent and clear,Delusional Black people will ALWAYS think that Racism is isolated.They explain the many levels of Racism.But again Some blacks continue to believe that Blacks and Whites can be both racist.You're insane!!! Peace yall.Com ments are very welcome.I hope we get intellectual answers and not emotional ones which is normally typical.Not just wordy answers just make sense.Keep it real!!And white people on this forum try to avoid focusing on me or Black people,try to keep it on "YOU" which i think is impossible.Prove me wrong.
. Noel Cazaneve is a black man FYI.
Alfonso De La Vega

Harrisburg, PA

#7 Sep 10, 2012
Word up wrote:
[edit] Feagin's definition stands in sharp contrast to psychological definitions that assume racism is an "attitude" or an irrational form of bigotry that exists apart from the organization of social structure.
__________
Definitons of racism imply that? How?
Cogito Ergo Sum

Harrisburg, PA

#9 Sep 10, 2012
STFU wrote:
Why would anybody on this f**ked up forum give a rats ass about sociology when every jack ass use philosophy to debate issues.
Write about bw/bm/wm/ww and here comes the jack ass using the philosophical "SOME".
Try telling these jack asses they can't use philosophy to address social conditions is useless.
Social Philosophy

Social philosophy is the philosophical study of questions about social behavior (typically, of humans).

Social philosophy addresses a wide range of subjects, from individual meanings to legitimacy of laws, from the social contract to criteria for revolution, from the functions of everyday actions to the effects of science on culture, from changes in human demographics to the collective order of a wasp's nest.

Subdisciplines

There is often a considerable overlap between the questions addressed by social philosophy and ethics or value theory. Other forms of social philosophy include political philosophy and jurisprudence, which are largely concerned with the societies of state and government and their functioning.

Social philosophy, ethics, and political philosophy all share intimate connections with other disciplines in the social sciences. In turn, the social sciences themselves are of focal interest to the philosophy of social science.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Social_philosoph...

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