THINK ABOUT IT

Spartanburg, SC

#221 Feb 5, 2012
GEORGE ALCORN

A noted academic and administrator, George Edward Alcorn, Jr. is a noted pioneer in the field of semiconductor devices and one of the top inventors in the field of aerospace.
Born March 22, 1940 in Indianapolis, Indiana, George was the son of Arletta and George Alcorn, Sr., an auto mechanic. Both parents promoted the virtu of education to George, Jr. and his younger brother Charles.

George was an excellent student in high school and entered Occidental College in Los Angeles, California on an academic scholarship. He was a remarkable athlete and received varsity letters in baseball and football. He also graduated with honors with a degree in physics in 1962 and followed this by enrolling in the Nuclear Physics program at Howard University. He completed his Master's work in 1963.
THINK ABOUT IT

Spartanburg, SC

#222 Feb 5, 2012
PATRICIA BATH
Bath was enrolled in Charles Evans Hughes High School in New York where she served as the editor of the school's science paper. In 1959, she was selected from a vast number of students across the country for a summer program at Yeshiva University (New York City) sponsored by the National Science Foundation. Only 16 years old she worked in the field of cancer research under the tutelage of Dr. Robert Bernard and Rabbi Moses D. Tendler. During the program she developed a number of theories about cancer growth and at the end of the summer she offered a mathematical equation that could be used to predict the rate of the growth of a cancer. So impressed with her was Dr. Bernard that he incorporated parts of her research into a joint scientific paper that he presented at a conference in Washington, DC. Due to the resulting publicity about her work, Mademoiselle magazine presented Patricia with its 1960 Merit Award. The award was presented annually to ten young women demonstrating the promise of great achievement. In only 2 1/2 years of study she was able to graduate from high school and set out for college.
In 1964, Bath graduated with a Bachelor of Arts degree from Hunter College in New York. Soon thereafter, she enrolled in medical school at Howard University in Washington, DC. Her exposure to Black professors and administrators had a great impact on her belief in Black leadership in society. While in medical school, she took part in a summer program in Yugoslavia, focused on pediatrics research. The program, sponsored by a government fellowship, allowed her to travel abroad for the first time and to gain experience internationally. She graduated with honors from Howard in 1968.
Patricia returned to New York in the fall of 1968 to work as an intern at Harlem Hospital and accepted a fellowship in ophthalmology at Columbia University a year later. In working in the two distinct atmospheres, she was able to make a clear and alarming observation. In the Eye Clinic in Harlem she noticed that many of the patients suffered blindness while few at the Columbia Eye Clinic did. After further research she concluded in a well-received report that Blacks were twice as likely to suffer from blindness as the general population. Further research would reveal that Blacks were eight times more likely to suffer blindness as a result of glaucoma than whites. Bath believed that the main explanation for this disparity was the lack of access to ophthalmic care for Blacks and other poor people. This would eventually lead to her promoting the concept of Community Ophthalmology, which would work as an outreach programs, sending volunteers out into the community to provide vision, cataracts and glaucoma screening. This would help to provide treatment that could save the vision of elderly people and provide glasses that would help children in school and prevent vision problems in the future. She implored many of the professors at Columbia to donate their time and perform pro bono services for Harlem Hospital's Eye Clinic.
From 1970 to 1973 Patricia moved on to New York University where she became the first Black person to complete a residency in ophthalmology. In addition to her professional success, she enjoyed personal happiness as well, as she got married and had a daughter. In 1974, Bath moved to California and became a faculty member at UCLA and the Charles R. Drew University. Over the next nine years, she would serve in various capacities, and in 1983, co-founded and chaired the Opthalmology Residency Training Program at Drew/UCLA. The fact that she was the first woman in the country to hold such a position would be noteworthy, if not for the fact that Bath was the first to achieve so many distinctions in her life. In 1976, she co-founded the American Institute for the Prevention of Blindness based on the principle that "eyesight is a basic human right."
THINK ABOUT IT

Spartanburg, SC

#223 Feb 5, 2012
----After traveling around the world offering her services and bringing awareness to vision issues, Bath settled back into her research at UCLA. She pondered the problems associated with addressing cataracts disease in the United States. Cataracts is characterized by a cloudiness that occurs within the lens of an eye, causing blurred vision and often blindness. Standard treatment called for using traditional surgical methods to remove the damaged lens (one method employed the use of a mechanical drill-like mechanical device that would grind away the cataracts and could only be used for secondary cataract surgery). Bath devised safer, faster and more accurate approach to cataracts surgery.

In 1981 she began work on her most well-known invention which she would call a "Laserphaco Probe." The device employed a laser as well as two tubes, one for irrigation and one for aspiration (suction). The laser would be used to make a small incision in the eye and the laser energy would vaporize the cataracts within a couple of minutes. The damaged lens would then be flushed with liquids and then gently extracted by the suction tube. With the liquids still being washed into the eye, a new lens could be easily inserted. Additionally, this procedure could be used for initial cataract surgery and could eliminate much of the discomfort expected, while increasing the accuracy of the surgery. Unfortunately, though her concept was sound, she was unable to find any lasers within the United States that could be adapted for the procedure (the majority of laser technology in the United States was dedicated to military purposes). She was able to find the laser probe she needed in Berlin, Germany and successfully tested the device which she described as an "apparatus for ablating and removing cataract lenses" and later dubbed it the "Laserphaco Probe." Bath sought patent protection for her device and received patents in several countries around the world. She intends to use the proceeds of her patent licenses to benefit the AIPB.

Patricia Bath retired from UCLA in 1993 and continues to advocate vision care outreach and calls for attention to vision issues. Her remarkable achievements as a Black woman make her proud, but racial and gender-based obstacles do not consume her. "Yes, I'm interested in equal opportunities, but my battles are in science."

“Putrifying Trayvon...”

Level 5

Since: Dec 11

Grateful Nation

#224 Feb 5, 2012
Clearly, nobody really gives a fxck.

Since: Feb 11

Location hidden

#225 Feb 5, 2012
THINK ABOUT IT wrote:
Year Events Subject Country Era
1492 Christopher Columbus makes his first voyage to the New World opening a vast new empire for plantation slavery.
Exploration and Discovery
The Bahamas
1492-1600
1494 The first Africans arrive in Hispaniola with Christopher Columbus. They are free persons.
Africans in the New World
Dominican Republic
1492-1600
1501 The Spanish king allows the introduction of enslaved Africans into Spain's American colonies.
Spanish Slavery
Spain
1492-1600
1511 The first enslaved Africans arrive in Hispaniola.
Spanish Slavery
Dominican Republic
1492-1600
1513 Thirty Africans accompany Vasco Nunez de Balboa on his trip to the Pacific Ocean.
Exploration and Discovery
Panama
1492-1600
1517 Bishop Bartolome de Las Casas petitions Spain to allow the importation of twelve enslaved Africans for each household immigrating to America's Spanish colonies. De Las Casas later regrets his actions and becomes an opponent of slavery.
Spanish Slavery
Mexico
1492-1600
1518 King Charles I of Spain grants the first licenses to import enslaved Africans to the Americas.
Spanish Slavery
Spain
1492-1600
1518 The first shipload of enslaved Africans directly from Africa arrives in the West Indies. Prior to this time, Africans were brought first to Europe.
Spanish Slavery
Dominican Republic
1492-1600
1519 Hernan Cortez begins conquest of the Aztec Empire.
Colonial Conquest
Mexico
1492-1600
1520s Enslaved Africans are used as laborers in Puerto Rico, Cuba and Mexico.
Spanish Slavery
Puerto Rico
1492-1600
1522 African slaves stage a rebellion in Hispaniola. This is the first slave uprising in the New World.
Anti-Slavery Resistance
Dominican Republic
1492-1600
1526 Spanish colonists led by Lucas Vasquez de Ayllon build the community of San Miguel de Guadape in what is now Georgia. They bring along enslaved Africans, considered to be the first in the present-day United States. These Africans flee the colony, however, and make their homes with local Indians. After Ayllon's death, the remaining Spaniards relocate to Hispaniola.
Africans in the New World
United States
1492-1600
1527-1539 Esteban, a Moroccan-born Muslim slave, explores what is now the Southwestern United States.
Exploration and Discovery
United States
1492-1600
1540 An African from Hernando de Soto's Expedition into the Lower Mississippi River valley decides to remain behind to make his home among the Native Americans there.
Africans in the New World
United States
1492-1600
1540 Africans serve in the New Mexico Expeditions of Francisco Vasquez de Coronado and Hernando de Alarcon.
Exploration and Discovery
United States
1492-1600
1542 The Spanish Crown abolishes Indian slavery.
Emancipation
Mexico
1492-1600
1550 The first slaves directly from Africa arrive in the Brazilian city of Salvador.
Portuguese Slavery
Brazil
1492-1600
1562 An expedition to Hispaniola led by John Hawkins, the first English slave trader, sparks English interest in that activity. Hawkins' travels also call attention to Sierra Leone. Hawkins is knighted in 1588 for his service in England's victory over the Spanish Armada.
English Slavery
Great Britain
1492-1600
1565 African farmers and artisans accompany Pedro Menendez de Aviles on the expedition that establishes the community of San Agustin (St. Augustine, Florida).
Africans in the New World
United States
1492-1600
1573 Professor Bartolome de Albornoz of the University of Mexico writes against the enslavement and sale of Africans.
Anti-Slavery Campaign
Mexico
1492-1600
1598 Isabel de Olvera, a free mulatto, accompanies the Juan Guerra de Resa Expedition which colonizes what is now New Mexico.
interesting

Since: Feb 11

Location hidden

#226 Feb 5, 2012
In May of 1918, Hampton Smith, a 31 year old White plantation owner in Brooks County, Georgia, was shot and killed by one of his Black workers named Sydney Johnson. Hampton Smith was known for abusing and beating his workers to the point few people in the area would work for him. To solve this labor shortage, Smith turned to the debt peonage system of the day and found a ready labor pool. He used that system by bailing people out of jail, people typically arrested for petty offenses, who would then work off their debt to him on his plantation. Nineteen year old Sydney Johnson, arrested for "rolling dice" and fined thirty dollars, was one such person. After a few days of work on Smith's plantation, and shortly after being beaten by Smith for not working while he was sick, Sidney Johnson shot and killed Hampton Smith. What ensued after the shooting was a mob driven manhunt for Johnson and others thought to be involved in his decision to kill Hampton Smith. That manhunt lasted for more than a week and resulted in the deaths of at least 13 people, with some historical accounts suggesting a higher number of persons killed. One of the people killed was a woman named Mary Turner. Twenty year-old Mary Turner, 8 months pregnant at the time and whose husband had been killed in this "lynching rampage" on Sunday, May 19th, made the mistake of publicly objecting to her husband's murder. She also had the audacity to threaten to swear out warrants for those responsible. Those "unwise remarks," as the area papers put it, enraged locals. Consequently, Mary Turner fled for her life only to be caught and taken to a place called Folsom's Bridge on the Brooks and Lowndes Counties' shared bord er

Since: Feb 11

Location hidden

#227 Feb 5, 2012
. To punish her, at Folsom's Bridge the mob tied Mary Turner by her ankles, hung her upside down from a tree, poured gasoline on her and burned off her clothes. One member of the mob then cut her stomach open and her unborn child dropped to the ground where it was reportedly stomped on and crushed. Her body was then riddled with gunfire from the mob. Later that night she and her baby were buried ten feet away from where they were murdered. The makeshift grave was marked with only a "whiskey bottle" with a "cigar" stuffed in its neck. Three days after the murder of Mary Turner and her baby, three more bodies were found in the area and Sydney Johnson was killed in a shoot out with police on South Troup Street in Valdosta, Georgia. Once killed, the crowd of more than 700 people cut off his genitals and threw them into the street. A rope was then tied to his neck and he was drug to Campground Church in Morven, Georgia, 16 miles away.

Level 8

Since: May 08

Pacific Northwest

#229 Feb 5, 2012
aZiya wrote:
. To punish her, at Folsom's Bridge the mob tied Mary Turner by her ankles, hung her upside down from a tree, poured gasoline on her and burned off her clothes. One member of the mob then cut her stomach open and her unborn child dropped to the ground where it was reportedly stomped on and crushed. Her body was then riddled with gunfire from the mob. Later that night she and her baby were buried ten feet away from where they were murdered. The makeshift grave was marked with only a "whiskey bottle" with a "cigar" stuffed in its neck. Three days after the murder of Mary Turner and her baby, three more bodies were found in the area and Sydney Johnson was killed in a shoot out with police on South Troup Street in Valdosta, Georgia. Once killed, the crowd of more than 700 people cut off his genitals and threw them into the street. A rope was then tied to his neck and he was drug to Campground Church in Morven, Georgia, 16 miles away.
Wow!

"Forgive but never forget." That's my motto.

Thank you, aZiya. Keep bringing the knowledge.

Since: Feb 11

Location hidden

#231 Feb 11, 2012
For decades, the Negro Leagues featured some of the greatest baseball players in America. And while discrimination kept them out of the major leagues, fans flocked to games and the sport was played at a highly professional level.

Legendary stars of the Negro Leagues included pitcher Andrew "Rube" Foster, who taught the screwball to pitching legend Christy Mathewson; Frank Grant, an infielder considered the best black baseball player of the 19th century; Willard "Home Run" Brown, who led the mighty Kansas City Monarchs in the 1930s and 1940s; James "Cool Papa" Bell, who may have been the fastest man to play the game; and the mighty Josh Gibson, who is remembered as "the black Babe Ruth."

Since: Feb 11

Location hidden

#232 Feb 11, 2012
The Coloured Hockey League
was an all-black ice hockey league founded in Nova Scotia in 1894,[1] which featured teams from across Canada's Maritime Provinces.
The league operated for several decades lasting until 1930.[2]

With as many as a dozen teams, over 400 African Canadian players from across Nova Scotia,
New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island participated in competition.[3]
The Coloured Hockey League is credited by some as being the first league to allow the goaltender to leave his feet to cover a puck in 1900. This practice was not permitted elsewhere until the formation of the National Hockey League in 1917.[4] In their book Black Ice: The Lost History of the Colored Hockey League of the Maritimes, 1895-1925,
historians George and Darril Fosty also claim that the first player to use the slapshot was Eddie Martin of the Halifax Eurekas 100 years ago.[3]

Level 1

Since: Feb 12

El Monte, CA

#233 Feb 11, 2012
The Tribune wrote:
MY PEOPLE!!!
PLEASE IGNORE THE FERAL WHITE RACIST BEASTS WHO TRY TO SULLY THIS THREAD WITH THEIR FILTH.
THIS THREAD IS TO HONOR AND CELEBRATE OUR BLACK PEOPLE AND THEIR CONTRIBUTIONS TO THIS COUNTRY!
DO NOT RESPOND AT ALL TO THE WHITE DEVILS WHO HAVE AND WILL POST VILE, VULGAR, NASTY RACIST GARBAGE!
IGNORE THEM PLEASE!
NO MATTER HOW DISGUSTING THEY ARE!
LET THIS BE TRULY OUR THREAD ON THE AFRICAN AMERICAN FORUM DURING BLACK HISTORY MONTH!
THANK YOU MY PEOPLE!
i salute you for this!! I was thoroughly enjoying reading the posts...

“Gods operate on the spiritual”

Since: Jul 09

devils operate on the physical

#234 Feb 2, 2013
Bumping this...
Blak Hisseree Mumf

Cottage Grove, OR

#235 Feb 2, 2013
The only "history" our North American slave descended nighurz have is slavery.

Zero accomplishment.

Zero contribution.

Totally worthless.

“Gods operate on the spiritual”

Since: Jul 09

devils operate on the physical

#236 Feb 2, 2013
Prior to the Civil War, despite severe restraints on their movements and limited capital, slaves and free blacks developed enterprises that paralleled mainstream business activity.

In the 18th century, Paul Cuffe, the son of an Ashanti from Ghana and a Wampanoag Indian woman in Massachusetts, was a prominent sea captain whose ships and all-black crews serviced the Atlantic Coast and sailed to Europe and Africa
what would RONAN say

UK

#237 Feb 2, 2013
aZiya wrote:
More than 40% of modern
pharmacological medicines are
derived from traditional African
medicinal herbs. For example, the
Yoruba of Nigeria used the plant
Rauwolfia vomitoria as a sedative or
tranquilizer to calm agitated or
psychotic patients. Modern medicine
was able to isolate a substance
called reserpine from this plant that
was marketed for the same
purpose. Reserpine was also
discovered to profoundly lower
blood pressure and consequently,
became one of the antihypertensive
medications.
that is not down to black people, but white scientists developing it. You may as well give blacks credit for elephants.

“Gods operate on the spiritual”

Since: Jul 09

devils operate on the physical

#238 Feb 3, 2013
what would RONAN say wrote:
<quoted text>that is not down to black people, but white scientists developing it. You may as well give blacks credit for elephants.
"white scientists" learned it from blacks. Now you know.

“100%”

Level 8

Since: Jan 10

Orlando, FL

#239 Feb 3, 2013
Here is something many may or may NOT know about. Ice Hockey was 'invented' by Blacks.
http://www.birthplaceofhockey.com/hockeyists/...

“100%”

Level 8

Since: Jan 10

Orlando, FL

#240 Feb 3, 2013

“100%”

Level 8

Since: Jan 10

Orlando, FL

#241 Feb 3, 2013

“100%”

Level 8

Since: Jan 10

Orlando, FL

#242 Feb 3, 2013
Black Nurse Creates Innovative New Product For Automobiles
http://www.blacknews.com/news/arlene_mathews_...

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