There was a Black Consciousness movement among Black South Africans, a movement of which Steven Biko was perhaps the most prominent spokesman. This may be due to the white supremacist regime with the mental colonialism which it entailed.<quoted text>
Yes I agree but to us there is no such thing as "black pride" or "black consciousness" , so to try and incorporate this concept will be hard on us.
And there was the Negritude movement in formerly French ruled Africa. When talking to Black South Africans during the fight against apartheid, it occurred to me not only that there were similarities between AA Black consciousness and South African Black Consciousness, but also that South African Blacks were aware of this (as were many of us).
As I pointed out to some African brothers and sisters in Paris when I visited there in the late 80s, AA activists have had more success in conscientizing the Black American public about South Africa than about the struggle in Portuguese ruled Africa.
Part of the reason for this was that Black South Africans spoke English. But also, when Black South Africans---who fled to America and other countries in the thousands after the Soweto massacres---spoke in AA churches, schools, trade unions, and civic organizations about their experiences under white minority rule, it struck a responsive chord.
The segregation, the racist police brutality, the sprawling ghettoes (or townships) of poverty and misery was all too similar to our own experiences in America not to get a response from many of us. And at least the better educated among us learned about Steve Biko and Black consciousness--which also reminded us of parallel developments in our own history. We read the literature of the ANC and the PAC.(We learned that they read Malcolm X, Dr. King and others.)
Talk about the Black struggle in South Africa even began penetrating places of popular entertainment--areas not especially known for their social consciousness.(Jesse Jackson in one edition of the show "It's a Different World" talked about freeing Mandela an South Africa)
When Mandela spoke in Harlem he drew at least 100,000 people in that community once known as the "cultural capital of Black America," . And Mandela was joined by widows of Malcolm X, Dr. King, and former members of the Black Panther Party.
But then again, there were so many Black South Africans over here, and so many of us worked with them to aid the anti-apartheid movement, that the opportunity to get to know them was greater than most other African groups. Black South Africans seemed to have more of a REVOLUTIONARY consciousness on average than did other African groups, and we didn't as often get the impression that they felt superior to African Americans.(And yes, I did date a lovely South African sister in Baltimore named Mercy--her last name, which was African, I no longer remember how to spell)