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Amazing African-American

Newport News, VA

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#1
Jul 29, 2011
 

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*(DOMESTIC PIONEERS)

(MADAM C. J. WALKER)
In (1905), she (Founded) the company (Madam Walker's Wonderful Hair Grower), a (Scalp Conditioning and Healing Formula).
Her unwavering commitment to (Excellence and Relentless Ambition) resulted in her being the (1st)(Women) in North America to become a (Self-Made Millionaire).

(HENRY BROWN)
In (1886), he (Invented) the (RECEPTACLE for STORING and PRESERVING PAPERS) aka the (Filing Cabinet).
This was a (Fire and Accident Safe) container made of (Forged Metal), which could be sealed with a lock. It was special in that it kept the (Papers Separated). Prior to this invention, people often kept (Personal and Valuable Papers) in simple wooden boxes in their (Homes or at Local Banks). These boxes provided no deterrent against burglars or the bank staff from reading them.
Mr. Brown was issued (1) U.S patent.

(SAMUEL SCOTTRON)
In (1886), he (Invented) the (POLE TIP) for the curtain rod ends.
In (1892), he (Invented) the (CURTAIN ROD).
In (1893), he (Invented) the (SUPPORTING BRACKET).
Mr. Scottron left his inventive imprint on the in the area of (Window Decoration).
Mr. Scottron was issued (5) U.S patents.

(BERTHA BERMAN)
In (1959), she (Invented) the (1st FITTED SHEETS) that had sewn-in corners.

(DENNIS W. WEATHERBY)
In (1987), he received a patent for (Co-Invented) the (AUTOMATIC DISH WASHING DETERGENT COMPOSITION).
Before his invention,(Pigments) were used in such solutions that often (Stained Dishes and Dishwasher Interiors).
He (Developed) a solution that employed a category of (Dyes) that could be used in products containing (Bleach) that would give the soap a (Lemon-Yellow) color that would not stain dishes.
This solution serves as the (Basic Formula) behind all of today’s “(Lemon-Scented)” cleaning products containing bleach including (Cascade).

(HARRY A. COLE)
In (1929), he (Invented) the household cleaning product known as (PINE-SOL).
(Pine-Sol) is one of the biggest selling cleaning products in the (World).
In (1929), he sold the brand, and (Clorox) acquired it in (1990).

*See (United Stated Patent and Trademark Office) for confirmation on claims.
*(Google Patents) is also helpful.

That was just to name a few African-Americans that have helped to (Transform) America into the (Superpower) it is today in the face of (Oppression and Bigotry) throughout its history. These individuals maybe unknown to most of society, but their contributions lives with us (Everyday). We'll continue to produce the (Best and the Brightest) to serve our (Country) despite all of the (Obstacles) that stand in our way. We never needed anybody for anything; (They Needed us and Still do).

"Looks Like We Really Are The (Moors) After All". Author: King Tutankhaten.
Amazing African-American

Newport News, VA

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#2
Jul 29, 2011
 
*(AGRICULTURAL PIONEERS)

(GEORGE WASHING CARVER)
In (1897), he (Developed) a (CROP ROTATION METHOD), which is the process of planting crops such as (Peanuts),(Sweat Potatoes),(Soy Beans), and (Pecans) to enrich the soil after every cotton harvest. This process (Revolutionized Southern Agriculture) and became (1) of his most famous contributions.
In (1990), he was inducted into the (NATIONAL INVENTORS HALL of FAME) for his research into the promotion of (Crops) as alternatives to (Cotton).
In (1943), President Franklin D. Roosevelt founded the (GEORGE WASHINGTON CARVER NATIONAL MONUMENT) in Diamond, Missouri. It was the (1st National Monument) dedicated to an African-American and the (1st) to a (Non-President).
In (1977), he was (Inducted) into the (HALL of FAME FOR GREAT AMERICANS).
In (2000), he was inducted into the (USDA HALL of HEROES) as the (FATHER of CHEMURGY) which is the preparation of industrial products from agricultural raw material.
The (LIBERTY SHIP SS GEORGE WASHINGTON CARVER) and the (NUCLEAR SUBMARINE USS GEORGE WASHINGTON CARVER SSBN-656) were named in his honor.
Mr. Carver was issued (3) U.S. patents.

(NORBERT RILLIEUX)
In (1943), he received a patent for an (Invention to Improve) the sugar refining process called the (MULTIPLE-EFFECT EVAPORATOR), an apparatus for efficiently using the heat from steam to evaporate water. This innovation (Revolutionized) the (Sugar Industry) which produced a fine, white sugar from (Sugarcane). His process for (Refining Sugar) improved (Efficiency),(Quality),(Safety ), and (Profitability).
In (2004), he was (Inducted) into the (NATIONAL INVENTORS HALL of FAME) for his (Multiple-Effect Evaporator) in (1943).
His process elevated the (U.S) from a (Minor Role) in the sugar industry to a (Major Producer).
Mr. Rillieux was issued (2) U.S patents.
Amazing African-American

Newport News, VA

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#3
Jul 29, 2011
 
*(NUCLEAR PIONEERS)

(Dr. HENRY T. SAMPSON)
In (1967), he became the (1st) African-American to receive his (PhD) for (Nuclear Engineering) in the U.S.
In (1971), he (Co-Invented) the (GAMMA ELECTRIC CELL) which pertains to the use of the (Nuclear Reactor).
The idea behind this invention was to convert powerful (Radiating Energies) from nuclear weapons, into safe and useful energy sources which would be useful for (Hundreds of Years).
The (U.S) government has used the gamma electric cell to detect radiation from nuclear weapon testing underground and turned the radiation left behind into measurable electricity.
Dr. Sampson was issued (3) U.S patents.

(Dr. LLOYD QUARTERMAN)
From (1942-1946), he was (1) of (12) African-American nuclear scientist in a group of more then (100) involved in the (Manhattan Project) that (Invented) the (1st)(ATOMIC BOMB). He played a (Leading) role in solving the riddle of the (Atom), alongside fellow African-American nuclear scientist (Dr. Ernest J. Wilkins and Dr. William J. Knox).
In (1946), he joined the research team at (Argonne National Laboratories) in Argonne, Illinois and (Invented) the (1st)(NUCLEAR REACTOR) that used the (Atom Splitting) process in a peaceful way for the (USS Nautilus). The (Nautilus) is an (Atomic Powered Submarine) created for (Speed and Endurance) underwater.
In (1982), the (Nautilus) became a (National Historic Landmark) in Groton, Connecticut.

*(MEDICAL PIONEERS)

(Dr. PERCY LAVON JULIAN)
In (1935), he was the (1st) to successfully synthesized a chemical from (Calabar Bean) called (PHYSOSTIGMINE), a drug used in the treatment of (Glaucoma).
In (1956), he received a patent for his synthesis to (Improve) the (PREPARATION of CORTISONE) from soy beans, used in treating (Rheumatoid Arthritis) and other inflammatory conditions, his synthesis (Greatly Reduced the Price) of cortisone.
In (1990), he was (Inducted) into the (NATIONAL INVENTORS HALL of FAME) for (Inventing an Improved) method for the (Preparation of Cortisone) in (1956).
In (1973), he became the (1st) African-American to be (Inducted) into the (NATIONAL ACADEMY of SCIENCES), and the (2nd) African-American to be (Inducted) after (DAVID BLACKWELL) respectfully.
Dr. Julian was issued more then (130) U.S chemical patents.

(BEN CARSON)
In (1987), he made (Medical History) by becoming (1st Surgeon) in the world to (Successfully)(SEPARATE SIAMESE TWINS) conjoined at the back of the head.
Operations to separate twins joined in this way had always failed, resulting in the death of one or both of the infants. The (50-Member) surgical team, led by Carson, worked for 22 hours.
At the end, the twins were successfully separated and can now survive (Independently).
In (2008), he was (Awarded) the (Presidential Medal of Freedom) from President George W. Bush.

(Dr. PATRICA BATH)
In (1976), she (Co-Founded) the (American Institute for Prevention of Blindness) in Washington, D.C.
In (1988), she received a patent for (Inventing an Improvement) to remove (Cataracts) with a (Fiber-Optic Laser) called (LASERPHACO). Her improvements (Increased) the (Accuracy and Results) of (Cataract Surgery).
She continues to made improvements to her device and has (Successfully) restored the vision to people who have been unable to see for (Decades).
Dr. Bath is the (1st) African-American Women doctor to receive a patent for (Medical Purposes).
Dr. Bath was issued (4) U.S patents. She also holds patents from (Japan),(Canada), and (5) European countries as well.

(PHIL BROOKS)
In (1974), he received the (1st) U.S patent for a (PLASTIC DISPOSABLE SYRINGE).

(DEWEY S. C. SANDERSON)
In (1970), he received a patent for the (URINALYSIS MACHINE).
Amazing African-American

Newport News, VA

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#4
Jul 29, 2011
 
(WILLIAM HARWELL)
In (1987), he received a patent for the (Co-Invention) of the (APPARATUS and METHOD of CAPTURING an ORBITING SPACECRAFT) by attaching a grabble fixture.
This device has (4) components, a (Toggle Sub-assembly),(Control Box and Retractor Assembly),(Support Structure), and (Grapple Fixture). This invention is a method and supporting apparatus for autonomously capturing, servicing and deorbiting a free-flying spacecraft, such as a satellite, using robotics.

(JOHN CHRISTIAN)
In (1970), he received a patent for (Inventing an Improvement) for (LUBRICANT for HIGH TEMPERATURES and HIGH SPEEDS), which worked well under a wider temperature range than previous products, from minus (50 to 600) degrees. The lubricants were used in the (Helicopter Fuel Lines),(Astronaut's Back-Pack) life support systems, and in the four-wheel drive of the (Moon-Buggy).

(Dr. VALERIE THOMAS)
From (1970-1981), she (Managed) the development of the (1st 3)(Landstat) satellite image-processing systems.
In (1972),(Landsat) became the (1st) satellite to send images from (Outer Space).
In (1980), she received a patent for (Inventing) the (ILLUSION TRANSMITTER).
The (Illusion Transmitter) works just like a (TV) transmitter that sends signals through the air. The only difference is that the (Illusion Transmitter) also uses (Concave Mirrors) that images bounce off before being transmitted. The images from the (Illusion Transmitter) are received to devices similar to (TV's). These devises convert the signals into (Pictures), like a TV does. The devises use (Concave Mirrors) to covert the signal into (Real Images). These images appear in front of the screen to project a (3D Image).
Her technology is currently being used for surgery and could be the next generation of the television.
From (1986-1990), she also (Managed)(NASA's)(1st) wide area network, the (Space Physics Analysis Network);(SPAN).
(SPAN) became a major part of (NASA's) science networking and today's Internet.

(BENJAMIN BANNEKER)
He is known as the (1st) African-American (Astronomer).
In (1752), after looking at a model pocket watch, he carved the (1st)(Wooden Striking Clock) constructed in American that kept (Precise Time) for over (50) years.
In (1791), he began making astronomical calculations that led him to successfully forecast an (ANNULAR SOLAR ECLIPSE) in (1798).
From (1792-1797), he predicted the (1st) U.S (FARMERS' ALMANACS) on (Medicines),(Listed Tides),(Astronomical Info), and (Solar Eclipses).
*There is (Not) enough verifiable evidence to support the claim that Mr. Banneker was (1) of (3) men (Appointed) by President George Washington to survey the lay out of the U.S federal district,(Washington, D.C) in (1791).
Amazing African-American

Newport News, VA

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#5
Jul 29, 2011
 
(Dr. GUION BLUFORD)
In (1979), he became the (3rd) African-American to be selected by (NASA) as an (Astronaut) and the (1st) African-American to travel into space in (1983).
He flew a total of (4) Space Shuttle missions.
In (1983 & 1985), he flew aboard the (Space Shuttle Challenger), marking the (1st) time an African-American traveled into (Earth's Orbit). This also marked the (1st) Space Shuttle mission to (Launch) and (Land) at night from the Kennedy Space Center, in Florida.
In (1991 & 1992), he flew aboard the (Space Shuttle Discovery).
In (1997), he was (Inducted) into the (INTERNATIONAL SPACE HALL of FAME).
In (2010), he was also (Inducted) into the (UNITED STATES ASTRONAUT HALL of FAME).

(Dr. MAE. JEMINSON)
In (1992), she became the (1st) African-American Women to be selected by (NASA) as an (Astronaut) on the (Space Shuttle Endeavor) from the Kennedy Space Center, in Florida.
In (1993), she was (Inducted) into the (NATIONAL WOMEN'S HALL of FAME).
In (2004), she was (Inducted) into the (INTERNATIONAL SPACE HALL of FAME).

(BERNARD A. HARRIS, Jr)
In (1995), he became the (1st) African-American to (Walk in Space) as a (Payload Commander) on the (Space Shuttle Discovery) that was part of the (US/Russian),(Shuttle-Mir Program).

(Dr. GEORGE R. CARRUTHERS)
In (1967), he was the principal (Inventor) of the (1st) Moon-based observatory, a (FAR-ULTRAVIOLET CAMERA/SPECTROGRAPH), which was carried to the Moon by (Apollo 16) astronauts in (1972) during the (1st) Moon walk mission. The camera was positioned on the Moon's surface and allowed researchers to examine the Earth's atmosphere, including possible new ways to control air pollution. His camera allowed us to take readings of and understand objects and elements in space that are (Unrecognizable) to the naked eye.
In (1972), he was awarded the (Exceptional Achievement Scientific Award Medal) by (NASA) for his work on the (Apollo 16) project.
In (1974), his (2nd) version was used to observe the comet (Kohoutek) aboard the (Skylab 4).
In (1969), he (Invented) the (IMAGE CONVERTER for DETECTING ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION ESPECIALLY in SHORT WAVE LENGTHS).
In (1970), he made the (1st) examination of molecular hydrogen in space. This was evidence that plants are not the only source of Earth's oxygen.
In (1986), one of his (Inventions) captured an ultraviolet image of (Halley's Comet), which became the (1st) comet to be observed in detail by a spacecraft.
In (1991), he (Invented) a camera that was used in the (Space Shuttle Mission).
In (2003), he was (Inducted) into the (NATIONAL INVENTORS HALL of FAME) for his (Far-Ultraviolet Camera/Spectrograph) in (1967).
In (1987), he was named the (Black Engineer of the Year).
Dr. Carruthers was issued (3) U.S patent.
Amazing African-American

Newport News, VA

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#6
Jul 29, 2011
 
(ISAAC T. GILLAM IV)
From (1966-1976), he would serve as an (Assistant and Director) of the (Delta and Scout Launch Vehicle Program).
In (1976), he was (Awarded) the (Distinguished Service Medal), which is the (Highest Honor) at (NASA) for his work on the (Delta and Scout Launch Vehicle Program) from (1966-1976).
In (1977), he served a (Director) of the (1st)(Approach and Landing Test) of the (Space Shuttle Enterprise).
From (1978-1981), he served as the (1st) African-American (Director) of (NASA’s),(Dryden Flight Research Center).
In (1981), he served as (Director) of (NASA's)(Space Shuttle Columbia), this was the (1st) orbital flight of the Space Shuttle program.

(MAJOR, ROBERT HENRY LAWRENCE, JR)
In (1967), he became the (1st) African-American to be selected by (NASA) as an (Astronaut) in the Air Force's (Manned Orbital Laboratory) program.
He was killed on (December 8, 1967), in the crash of a (F-104 Starfighter) at Edwards Air Force Base, in California.
Had he survived, he would have been a crew member of the (1st)(Space Shuttle Columbia) mission in (1981).

(ARNALDO TAMAYO MENDEZ)
In (1978), he became the (1st) Hispanic and person of Black-African decent to be selected as a (Cosmonaut) by the (Soviet Union's 7th Intercosmos) program and the (1st) Hispanic and person of Black-African decent to travel into space.
In (1980), he flew aboard the (Soyuz 38) from (Baikonur Cosmodrome) in Russia, which is the (1st) and largest (Operational Space Launch Facility).

(FREDERICK D. GREGORY)
In (1978), he became the (2nd) African-American to be selected by (NASA) as an (Astronaut) and the (3rd) African-American to travel into space.
He flew (3) Space Shuttle missions, making history with (2).
In (1985), he became the (1st) African-American to (Pilot) for (NASA) when he flew the (Space Shuttle Challenger) on a (7) day space mission from Kennedy Space Center in Florida.
In (1989), he became the (1st) African-American to (Command) a mission for (NASA) on the (Space Shuttle Discovery). Due to the nature of the mission, specific details remain classified.
He was selected to (Redesign) the cockpit of the last (3)(Space Shuttles) in the (1980's).
In (1988), he was part of the team at (NASA) that worked on one of the most important safety devises for airplanes called the (MICROWAVE LANDING SYSTEM) which is an (All-Weather Precision Landing System).
In (2005), he became the (1st) African-American (Acting Administrator) to lead (NASA).
He was awarded (2)(Distinguished Service Medals), which is the (Highest Honor) at (NASA).
*He is also the nephew of (World Renowned) scientist (Dr. CHARLES R. DREW) who developed improved techniques for (Preserving Blood Plasma for Transfusions) in (1940).
Amazing African-American

Newport News, VA

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#7
Jul 29, 2011
 
*(SPACE SCIENCE PIONEERS):

(Dr. WALTER S. McAFEE)
In (1946), he became the (1st Human Being in the History of Mankind) to ever calculate the (Speed of the Moon).
This was a (Vital) step in space exploration because it confirmed that (Communication was Possible) across the vast distances of outer space.
On (January 10, 1946), the signal was sent by Dr. McAfee, without his calculations, the possibility of sending a man to the (Moon) would be (Impossible).

(KATHERINE JOHNSON)
She is one of only a few individuals to be (Honored) with the distinct title of a human (Computer).
She was one of the earliest people involved in the verification of (Avionics Software). This software is a (Legally-Mandated Safety and Reliability) process used in avionics.
In (1959), she accurately calculated the (Trajectory) of the (Mercury-Redstone Launch Vehicle); the (1st) human spaceflight program of the United States of America.
In (1961), she also calculated the (Launch Window) for the (Project Mercury) mission. This determined when a particular launch vehicle can take flight.
She designed backup navigational charts for astronauts in case of electronic failures. She also created star maps for astronauts and based them on what the astronauts would see while looking out of their windows at any given time on the spacecraft.
In (1962), when (NASA) decided to use computers for the (1st) time to calculate the human spaceflight mission (Mercury-Atlas 6) to orbit around Earth, officials called on Ms. Johnson to verify the computer's numbers. This was the successful (1st) attempt by (NASA) to place an astronaut into orbit.
In (1969), she calculated the (Trajectory) of (Apollo 11); the (1st) spaceflight that landed humans on Earth's Moon.
From (1969-1972), she calculated the (Trajectory) of the (Apollo Lunar Module) that also landed on the Moon.
Later in her career, she worked on the (Space Shuttle Program), the (Earth Resources Satellite), and on plans for a mission to (Mars).

(Dr. ROBERT SHURNEY)
In (1967), he worked on (Weight Distribution) for the (Saturn V Rocket). From (1967-1973), this rocket was (Vital) to the goals of sending a man to the Moon and returning to Earth safely.
In (1971), he designed the (Tires) for the (Lunar Roving Vehicle) during the (Apollo 15) mission. These tires were light enough that one could move across the Moon’s surface without bogging down in the thin soil. In that same year, his design proved to be a success when (2) astronauts became the (1st) to (Drive a Vehicle) on the (Moon). The rover was used on the final (2) Apollo missions (16 and 17).
He would later work for (Skylab) where he (Designed) the (Waste Collection System) used for Space missions.
Dr. Shurney has participated in (All) Apollo flight missions in some capacity.
Amazing African-American

Newport News, VA

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#10
Jul 29, 2011
 
*(MECHANICAL PIONEERS)

(FREDERICK McKINLEY JONES)
In (1940), he received a patent for (Inventing an Improvement) to portable trucks carrying perishable goods, which was a (DESIGN for an AIR CONDITIONING UNIT).
He later received patents for it to be adopted for (Aircraft's),(Trains), and (Ships) in (1940), and for the (1st) time it was possible to ship perishable food long distances during any time of the year. This landmark invention ushered in the era of (Frozen foods),(Large Supermarkets) and the (Restaurant Industry) as we know it today. His cooling units were important during (WW 11) for (Preserving Blood),(Medicine), and (Food) at the army hospitals and on open battlefields.
In (1944), he became the (1st) African-American to be (Inducted) into the (AMERICAN SOCIETY of REFRIGERATION ENGINEERS).
In (1991), he also became the (1st) African-American (Awarded) the (NATIONAL MEDAL of TECHNOLOGY) by U.S President George H. W. Bush.
In (2007), he was (Inducted) into the (NATIONAL INVENTORS HALL of FAME) for his (Design for an Air Conditioning Unit)
Mr. Jones was issued (61) U.S patents.

(ELIJAH J. McCOY)
In (1872), he received a patent for (Invention to Improve) the lubrication on steam engines called the (AUTOMATIC LUBRICATING CUP). This innovation dripped oil onto the moving parts of locomotives keeping them (Constantly Lubricated), preventing frequent (Stops and Overheating), his lubricator used steam pressure to pump oil wherever it was needed.
In (2001), he was (Inducted) into the (NATIONAL INVENTORS HALL of FAME) for his improved (Automatic Lubricating Cup) in (1872).
Mr. McCoy was issued (57) U.S patents.

(ANDREW JACKSON BEARD)
In (1897), he received a patent for an (Invention to Improve) railroad safety called the (AUTOMATIC RAILROAD COUPLER).
It did the job of hooking railroad cars together once they made contact. He received ($50,000) for the patent rights to his (Jenny Coupler).
In (2006), he was (Inducted) into the (NATIONAL INVENTORS HALL of FAME) for his improvements to the (Railroad Car Coupler) in (1897).
Mr. Beard was issued (5) U.S patents.
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Newport News, VA

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#11
Jul 29, 2011
 
(Dr. THOMAS MENSAH)
In (1983), he began working for (Corning Glass Works Sullivan Park Research) in Corning, New York as an engineer. While working there he built the (Fastest)(Fiber Optics) draw and coating process,(50 Meters Per-Second). This process made the manufacturing (20x) faster then it was with (Copper) and at a (Cheaper Price), essentially making copper (Obsolete).
He received (4) U.S patents for this technology.
In (1986), while working for (Bell Laboratories), he started working on creating (Missile Systems) that utilized (Fiber Optics) for it's guided missile program.
Mr. Mensah and his colleagues developed missiles that could use the (Fiber Optic) technology while traveling at (MACH-1), the (Speed of Sound). In these systems, a small camera inserted into the nose of the missile can send images to the pilot who can (Lock and Fire) onto a target with (Extreme Accuracy and Precision).
He received (3) U.S patents for this technology.
He is (1) of (4) original (Innovators and Developers) of (Fiber Optics) technology in the U.S.
Dr. Mensah was issued a total of (7) U.S patents in the field of (Fiber Optics).
Dr. Mensah is an immigrant from Ghana in Africa.

(JAMES E. MACEO WEST)
In (1962), he received a patent for (Co-Inventing) the (ELECTROACOUSTIC TRANSDUCER ELECTRET MICROPHONE).
In the (Electret Microphone), thin sheets of polymer electret film are (Metal-Coated) on one side to form the membrane of the movable plate capacitor that converts (Sound to Electrical Signals) with (High Fidelity). Because of its (High Performance),(Accuracy),(Relia bility),(Low Cost),(Small Size), and (Light Weight), this technology is used in over (90%) of all (Microphones),(Telephones),(He aring Aids),(Camcorders), and (Multimedia Computers) used today.
In (1999), he was (Inducted) into the (NATIONAL INVENTORS HALL of FAME) for the (Electroacoustic Transducer Electret Microphone) in (1962).
In (2010), he was (Awarded) the (NATIONAL MEDAL of TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION) by President George W. Bush.
Mr. West has (47) U.S patents & more then (200) foreign patents.

(GARRETT MORGAN)
In (1914), he received a patent for (Inventing an Improved) breathing apparatus for the (GAS MASK).
In (1923), he received a patent for (Inventing an Improved) and inexpensive (THREE-WAY TRAFFIC SIGNAL).
He realized that (Commercially Used) mechanical (Stop-and-Go) signals were dangerous because they didn't have a (Caution Signal) to buffer traffic flow. His (Three-Way Traffic Signal) used a (Mechanical Linkage) that was (Manually Operated). Although his (Three-Way Traffic Light) was never put into production, he later sold his patent to the (General Electric Corporation) for (40,000); they would later develop an (Electrical Version).
In (2005), he was (Inducted) into the (NATIONAL INVENTORS HALL of FAME) for his (Gas Mask and Three-Way Traffic Signal) in (1914 and 1923).
Mr. Morgan was issued (2) U.S patents.
*In (1920),(WILLIAM POTTS)(Allegedly) invented an improved (AUTOMATIC TRAFFIC LIGHT) that looks light the modern version but never filed a patented for it because it was created as a (Public Project) by the (Police Department). Mr. Potts is not a member of the (NATIONAL INVENTORS HALL of FAME).
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#12
Jul 29, 2011
 
(HERMON L. GRIMES)
In (1938), he (Invented) the (1st)(AUTOMATIC FOLDING WING AIRCRAFT).
The (Folding Wing Aircraft) was used extensively by President Franklin D. Roosevelt during the (Pacific Theater of Operations) in (WW-11).
The (F6F Hellcat),(F7F Tigercat), and the (F4F Wildcat), accounted for over (75%) of the enemy aircraft’s shot down in the Pacific.

(Dr. SHIRLEY JACKSON)
In (1976), while working for (Bell Laboratories), she (Invented) developments in the (Portable Fax),(Touch Tone Telephone),(Solar Cell), and (Fiber Optic Cables) used to provide clarity in overseas telephone calls.
She has also made (Significant Contributions) in the creation of (Caller ID) and (Call Waiting).
She is the (1st) African-American Women to earn a (PhD) from (MIT).
In (1998), she was (Inducted) into the (WOMEN'S HALL of FAME) for her significant contributions as a distinguished (Scientist).

(MARIE BROWN)
In (1969), she invented the (1st)(HOME SECURITY SYSTEM). The system used television surveillance.

(Dr. MEREDITH C. GOURDINE)
From (1971-1973), he have (Invented) various (Electrostatic Precipitator) systems including the (INCINERAID), which helps remove (Smoke) from burning buildings.
In (1987), he received a patent for it to be adopted for (Airport Runways) to remove (Fog) for airplane clearance. These systems clear the air by introducing a (Negative Charge) to air-born particles. Once negatively charged, the particles are (Electromagnetically) attracted down to the ground to have their former place taken by fresh air.
Mr. Gourdine was issued more then (70) U.S patents.

(Dr. JOCELYN SIMPSON)
In (1996), she (Co-Invented) a new type of (High Performance)(PIEZOELECTRIC POLYMER). When pressure is applied to these polymers, the polymers generate electricity. Utilizing these polymers in conjunction with (Wind and Water) power will lead to an (Unlimited),(Low-Cost), environmentally friendly (Source of Power).
She is a (NASA) engineer at (Langley Research Center) in Hampton, VA.
Ms. Simpson was issued (11) U.S patents.
Amazing African-American

Newport News, VA

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#13
Jul 29, 2011
 
(OTIS BOYKINS)
In (1961), he received a patent for (Inventing an Improvement) to the (ELECTRICAL RESISTOR) used in all (Computers),(Radios),(Televisi ons) and other electronic devices that also reduced the cost of both for commercial and military applications.
He (Invented) a (VARIABLE RESISTOR) used in all (Guided Missiles) His resistor was quickly incorporated into a number of products, including (Guided Missiles and IBM Computers), in the United States and overseas.
His most famous (Invention) was a (CONTROL UNIT) for the (ARTIFICIAL HEART PACEMAKER) which uses electrical impulses to maintain a regular heartbeat.
Mr. Boykins was issued (28) U.S patents.

(HERMON L. GRIMES)
In (1938), he (Invented) the (1st)(AUTOMATIC FOLDING WING AIRCRAFT).
The (Folding Wing Aircraft) was used extensively by President Franklin D. Roosevelt during the (Pacific Theater of Operations) in (WW-11).
The (F6F Hellcat),(F7F Tigercat), and the (F4F Wildcat), accounted for over (75%) of the enemy aircraft’s shot down in the Pacific.

(Dr. SHIRLEY JACKSON)
In (1976), while working for (Bell Laboratories), she (Invented) developments in the (Portable Fax),(Touch Tone Telephone),(Solar Cell), and (Fiber Optic Cables) used to provide clarity in overseas telephone calls.
She has also made (Significant Contributions) in the creation of (Caller ID) and (Call Waiting).
She is the (1st) African-American Women to earn a (PhD) from (MIT).
In (1998), she was (Inducted) into the (WOMEN'S HALL of FAME) for her significant contributions as a distinguished (Scientist).

(MARIE BROWN)
In (1969), she invented the (1st)(HOME SECURITY SYSTEM). The system used television surveillance.

(Dr. MEREDITH C. GOURDINE)
From (1971-1973), he have (Invented) various (Electrostatic Precipitator) systems including the (INCINERAID), which helps remove (Smoke) from burning buildings.
In (1987), he received a patent for it to be adopted for (Airport Runways) to remove (Fog) for airplane clearance. These systems clear the air by introducing a (Negative Charge) to air-born particles. Once negatively charged, the particles are (Electromagnetically) attracted down to the ground to have their former place taken by fresh air.
Mr. Gourdine was issued more then (70) U.S patents.
Amazing African-American

Newport News, VA

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#14
Jul 29, 2011
 
(LEWIS LATIMER)
In (1881), he received a patent for (Co-Inventing an Improvement) to the (INCANDESCENT ELECTRIC LAMP WITH CARBON FILAMENTS). He later sold the invention to the (United States Electric Lighting Company).
In (1881), while working for the (United States Electric Lighting Company), he (Directed) the installation of (Lights and Wiring) at that the (1st)(International Exposition of Electricity) in Paris.
He (Directed) the installation of the (1st)(Power Station) in Philadelphia and New York City.
He also (Directed) the installation of lighting in (Railroad Stations),(Government Buildings) and major streets in (Canada and New England).
In (1882), he received a patent for (Inventing an Improvement) to the production of (Carbon Filaments) used in (Light Bulbs); the (PROCESS of MANUFACTURING CARBONS). His idea was to protect the filaments in a (Cardboard Envelope) preventing the carbon from (Breaking or Changing Shape) during the lighting process. The significance of his process is debatable.
In (2006), he was (Inducted) into the (NATIONAL INVENTORS HALL of FAME) for his (Process of Manufacturing Carbons) in (1882).
In (1884), the (Edison Electric Light Company) hired Latimer as a (Chief Draftsmen) and expert witness on patent litigation on electric lights.
In (1918), he became a (Founding) member of the (Edison Pioneers).
Mr. Latimer was issued (7) U.S patents.

(WALTER LINCOLN HAWKINS)
He is (1) of (3) men that helped make (Universal Telephone Use) possible.
In (1961), he (Co-Invented) the (POLYMER CABLE SHEATH).
The (Polymer) is a plastic, containing a chemical additive composed of (Carbon and a Antioxidants) that prevents the material from deteriorating, even in severe (Hot or Cold) weather conditions. It became widely used in the (1960's) as an (Inexpensive),(Light Weight),(Durable), and (Safe) coating for telecommunications wire, and the use of (Lead) was ultimately (Eliminated). It is still used today to protect (Fiber Optic) cable.
In (2010), he was (Inducted) into the (NATIONAL INVENTORS HALL of FAME) for (Co-Inventing) the (Polymer Cable Sheath) in (1961).
n (1975), he became the (1st) African-American to be (Inducted) into the (NATIONAL ACADEMY of ENGINEERING).
In (1992), he was (Awarded) the (NATIONAL MEDAL of TECHNOLOGY) by President George H. Bush.
Mr. Hawkins was issued (18) U.S patents and (129) foreign patents.
Amazing African-American

Newport News, VA

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#15
Jul 29, 2011
 
*(ELECTRICAL PIONEERS):

(GRANVILLE T. WOODS)
He was known as the (Greatest Electrician in the World) for his prolific inventive skills.
In (1884), he received a patented for (Inventing an Improvement) to the (TELEPHONE TRANSMITTER). This apparatus conducted sound over an electrical current. Mr. Wood's instrument, far surpassed any models then in use, carrying a (Louder) and more (Distinct Sound) over a (Longer Distance). The physical properties by which the device operated are still in modern telephones today.
In (1884), he (Invented) the (TELEGRAPHONY). This device was a combination of both a (Telegraph and Telephone), which could transmit both (Oral and Signal) messages.
In (1887), he received a patent for (Inventing an Improvement) to the (Induction Telegraph System); the (SYNCHRONOUS MULTIPLEX RAILWAY TELEGRAPH). This invention allowed (Train Stations) to communicate with (Moving Trains), preventing countless accidents and fatalities. The patent was later sold to the (American Bell Telephone Company) due to lack of capital to market the product.
In (2006), he was (Inducted) into the (NATIONAL INVENTORS HALL of FAME) for his invention of the (Synchronous Multiplex Railway Telegraph) in (1887).
In (1889), he (Invented) the (AUTOMATIC SAFETY CUT-OUT for ELECTRIC CIRCUITS).
In (1891), he received a patent for (Inventing an Improvement) to the (Electrical Railway System); the (MULTIPLE DISTRIBUTING STATION SYSTEM). This system allowed for the (Wireless) transmission of electric power utilizing principles of electromagnetic induction instead of (Overhead Wires), a (3rd Rail) or any other physical contact point. In (1892), he completed a (Electric Railway System) at Coney Island, NY, that used his (Multiple Distribution Station System) that's still there today.
In (1909), his (Figure 8 Roller Coaster) debuted at (Coney Island’s Steeple Chase Park) in NY.
In (2008), he was (Inducted) into the (CONEY ISLAND HALL of FAME) for his contributions to the amusement park.
Mr. Wood’s (Multiple Distributing Station System) bears a striking resemblance to today’s experimental (Linear Induction Motor), which would make Mr. Woods innovation more then (100) years ahead of his time.
In (1893), he (Invented) the (ELECTRIC RAILWAY CONDUIT SYSTEM) that was used for wireless streetcar transit operation in Manhattan, Washington D.C and other Cities. This reduced collisions between trains and was quickly adopted by companies in the industry. This technology was used for (Multiplexing) wireless cab signal systems for railways. This invention actually anticipated today's (Wireless Local Area Network) system. This was the (1st) system to use (Rails) instead of (Wires).
In (1901), he received a patent for (Inventing an Improvement) to the (THIRD RAIL) system. He sold the patent to the (Westinghouse Air Brake Company).
In (1902), he received a patent for (Inventing an Improvement) to the (AIR BRAKE) system. He sold the patent to the (Westinghouse Air Brake Company).
Mr. Woods was issued (80) U.S patents.
Amazing African-American

Newport News, VA

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#16
Jul 29, 2011
 
(JESSE RUSSELL Sr)
He is known as the (Father of Digital Cellular Technology).
In (1972), he became the (1st) African-American to be hired directly from a Historically Black Colleges and Universities by (AT&T) Bell Laboratories in Columbus, Ohio.
In (1988), while serving as (Director) of the Cellular Telecommunication Laboratory at (AT&T) in Chicago Illinois, he (Introduced) the (1st Digital Cellular Technology) into the U.S.
Digital Cellular Technology creates a (Larger Number of Users),(Lower Service Fees),(Higher Sound Quality),(Reduced Background Noise), and (More Secure Conversations).
In (1991), he (Introducted) the (1st Fiber Optic Microcellular Technology) into the U.S.
Fiber Optic Microcelluar Technology divides cells up into smaller regions so that lower power transmissions can be used, while increasing the total available bandwidth within the main cell without requiring the use of any additional parts of the spectrum.
He is a Major Contributor in the development of Digital Cellular and Microcellular Technology that has helped (AT&T) become the Leading Provider of cellular equipment in the U.S.
In (1992), while serving as (Chief Wireless Architect at AT&T), he received a patent for (Inventing an Improved)(BASE STATION for MOBILE RADIO TELECOMMUNICATIONS SYSTEMS), which was the (1st Digital Cellular Base Station) in the World. This allows new digital services for cellular mobile users.
In (1995), he was (Inducted) into the (United States' National Academy of Engineering) by President Bill Clinton for his (Pioneering) work in Digital Cellular Base Station Design.
Russell is currently Chairman and CEO of (incNETWORKS,Inc), a Broadband Wireless Communications Company in Long Beach, NJ focused on 4th Generation (4G) Broadband Wireless Communications Technologies, Networks and Services. IncNETWORKS,Inc is the (1st Company in The World) to successfully create a
standard-based version of (4G Wireless Networks) to offer a Broadband Wireless Architecture with Quality of Service Characteristics that make it suitable for Mobile Voice, Video, and Internet Services.
Mr. Russell was issued over (75) U.S patents and (25) pending.
Amazing African-American

Newport News, VA

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#17
Jul 29, 2011
 
(Dr. MARK DEAN)
He is known as (America's High-Tech Invisible Man).
In (1981), he (Invented) the (COLOR GRAPHICS ADAPTER) for the original (IBM PC/XT). This was the (1st) color (Graphic Card) for (IBM) and the (1st) color (Computer Display Standard) for the (IBM PC).
In (1981), he (Co-Invented) the (16-BIT INDUSTRY STANDARD ARCHITECTURE-BUS) in (1981). This innovation enables multiple devises such as the (Desk Drive),(Modem) and (Printer) to be connected to the mother board of the personal computer, thus making the (PC) faster and more efficient at an affordable price for consumers.
In (1997), he was inducted into the (NATIONAL INVENTORS HALL of FAME) for co-inventing the (16-Bit Industry Standard Architecture-Bus) in (1981).
He owns (3) out of the original (9) patents that all (IBM PC's) are based on.
In (1984), he (Invented) the (IBM PC/AT), which is the (2nd) generation of the original (IBM PC).
In (1987), he (Invented) the (IBM PS/2 80), which is the (3rd) generation of the (IBM PC).
In (1988), he (Invented) the (IBM PS/2 70).
In (1995), he became the (1st) African-American to be named an (IBM Fellow), which is the (Highest Honor) at the company.
In (1997), he was named the (Black Engineer of the Year, Presidents Award).
In (1998), he (Directed) the team that invented the (1st)(1-GIGAHERTZ RISC PROCESSOR CHIP) which contains (1-Million Transistors) capable of computing (1-Billion) calculations (Per-Second) and has nearly (Limitless) potential.
In (2004), he (Directed) the team that invented the world's fastest (Supercomputer) called (BLUE GENE) that was designed to reach unimaginable speeds. There are (4) different Blue Gene models.
In (2009), the Blue Gene project was (Awarded) the (National Medal of Technology and Innovation) by U.S President Barack H. Obama.
Dr. Dean was issued over (40) U.S patents.

(GERALD "JERRY" LAWSON)
In (1976), he (Invented) the (FAIRCHILD VIDEO ENTERTAINMENT SYSTEM), which is the (1st Video Game Console to use Interchangeable Game Cartridges) aka (ROM Cartridges), which Fairchild sold (Separately). This innovation defines the gaming industry to this day.
Previous game machines like (Atari’s, Pong and Magnavox Odyssey) in (1972) had all their games (Built into the Hardware).
Mr. Lawson’s (Pioneering Design) set the (Standard) for the game consoles of today.
In (2011), he was (Awarded) by the (International Game Developers Association) as an (Industry Pioneer).

(OSIE V. COMBS Jr and MARION H. HALL)
From (1992-1995), Rear Admiral Osie Combs served as (Program Manager) for the (Seawolf Class Attack Submarine) program and was responsible for the (Design),(Development and Construction) of the Navy's most (Technologically Advanced Submarine).
In (1995), he (Managed) the team that built the (1st of 3)(USS Seawolf - SSN-21); which are by far the most (Complex),(Heavily Armed),(Deepest Diving),(Fastest-Running) submarines in the (World).
In (1989), Marion Hall served as (Senior Project Engineer for Construction) for the (Seawolf Class Attack Submarine) program.
Hall's leadership as Project Engineer ensured that ships were maintained in good condition with specific activities in place to correct deficiencies early.
Amazing African-American

Newport News, VA

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#18
Jul 29, 2011
 
*(TECHNOLOGY PIONEERS):

(ROY CLAY Sr)
He is a member of the (SILICON VALLEY ENGINEERING HALL of FAME).
In (1966), he was a (Founding Member) of the (HP Computer Division), he was the (Director) of the (1st)(HP Research and Development Computer Group).
In (1966), he (Designed) the software for the (HP 16-BIT MINICOMPUTER 2116A), which was the (2nd Generation) of the original (16-Bit Minicomputer); (Honeywell 316) in (1964). This software marked the beginning of the (Automatic Test Equipment) apparatus. This system automatically tests and diagnoses fault in a sophisticated electronic (Semiconductor Package). This software became the (Standard) for (HP Desktop Computers) for over (20) years.
In (1977), he (Founded) the company (ROD-L Electronics) based on electrical safety testing equipment.
He (Invented) the (1st) automated (HIPOT TEST), which is designed to ensure a product is safe from (Shock) or a (Fire Hazard) if there's a voltage surge from the input power line of the product.
His product is used by leading manufacturers around the world that include (IBM),(AT&T),(HP),(Xerox) and others.

(Dr. CLARENCE "SKIP" ELLIS)
In (1973), he helped design the (GRAPHIC USER INTERFACE) for the Xerox Alto Computer.
He (Developed) the concept of (Point & Click) on graphic symbols called (Icons) to replace typing in complicated computer codes. His work helped to develop the basic software used by every (PC) in the world including (Apple),(Microsoft Windows), and (IBM).

(EMMIT J. McHENRY)
In (1979),(Network Solutions, Inc) was (Founded) by the companies President and CEO, Emmit J. McHenry.
Until (1999),(Network Solutions) was the (1st) and only (Domain Name Registrar) and (Operator) of the (.Com),(.Net) and (.Org) registries.

“What do the stars say......”

Since: May 11

...explore outside the milkway

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#19
Jul 29, 2011
 
You have to be kidding me.
Amazing African-American

Newport News, VA

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#20
Jul 29, 2011
 
This is a list of (62) Amazing (AFRICAN-AMERICAN SUPER-GENIUSES) that have (Changed the World) we live in today.
We didn’t invent a lot of things; we just invented the things that people use.

*(PATENT PIONEERS):

(THOMAS L. JENNINGS)
In (1821), he received a patented for (Inventing an Improvement) to the dry-cleaning process; (DRY-SCOURING). This process would dry clothes on a rack with heat from a stove. This improvement was unique because previous driers known as (Ventilators) were used over (Open Flames) and would (Cause Fires). His process would be used for over (70) years.
Mr. Jennings became the (1st) African-American to receive a patent for an invention in the United States of America.
Mr. Jennings was issued (1) U.S patent.

(JUDY W. REED)
In (1884), she patented an (Invention) for a (DOUGH KNEADER and ROLLER).
Ms. Reed wrote her signature with an "X" because she didn't know how to spell her name, and became the (1st) African-American Women to receive a patent for an invention in the United States of America.
Ms. Reed was issued (1) U.S patent.

Level 2

Since: Jul 11

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#21
Jul 29, 2011
 
Amazing African-American wrote:
*(DOMESTIC PIONEERS)
(MADAM C. J. WALKER)
In (1905), she (Founded) the company (Madam Walker's Wonderful Hair Grower), a (Scalp Conditioning and Healing Formula).
Her unwavering commitment to (Excellence and Relentless Ambition) resulted in her being the (1st)(Women) in North America to become a (Self-Made Millionaire).
(HENRY BROWN)
In (1886), he (Invented) the (RECEPTACLE for STORING and PRESERVING PAPERS) aka the (Filing Cabinet).
This was a (Fire and Accident Safe) container made of (Forged Metal), which could be sealed with a lock. It was special in that it kept the (Papers Separated). Prior to this invention, people often kept (Personal and Valuable Papers) in simple wooden boxes in their (Homes or at Local Banks). These boxes provided no deterrent against burglars or the bank staff from reading them.
Mr. Brown was issued (1) U.S patent.
(SAMUEL SCOTTRON)
In (1886), he (Invented) the (POLE TIP) for the curtain rod ends.
In (1892), he (Invented) the (CURTAIN ROD).
In (1893), he (Invented) the (SUPPORTING BRACKET).
Mr. Scottron left his inventive imprint on the in the area of (Window Decoration).
Mr. Scottron was issued (5) U.S patents.
(BERTHA BERMAN)
In (1959), she (Invented) the (1st FITTED SHEETS) that had sewn-in corners.
(DENNIS W. WEATHERBY)
In (1987), he received a patent for (Co-Invented) the (AUTOMATIC DISH WASHING DETERGENT COMPOSITION).
Before his invention,(Pigments) were used in such solutions that often (Stained Dishes and Dishwasher Interiors).
He (Developed) a solution that employed a category of (Dyes) that could be used in products containing (Bleach) that would give the soap a (Lemon-Yellow) color that would not stain dishes.
This solution serves as the (Basic Formula) behind all of today’s “(Lemon-Scented)” cleaning products containing bleach including (Cascade).
(HARRY A. COLE)
In (1929), he (Invented) the household cleaning product known as (PINE-SOL).
(Pine-Sol) is one of the biggest selling cleaning products in the (World).
In (1929), he sold the brand, and (Clorox) acquired it in (1990).
*See (United Stated Patent and Trademark Office) for confirmation on claims.
*(Google Patents) is also helpful.
That was just to name a few African-Americans that have helped to (Transform) America into the (Superpower) it is today in the face of (Oppression and Bigotry) throughout its history. These individuals maybe unknown to most of society, but their contributions lives with us (Everyday). We'll continue to produce the (Best and the Brightest) to serve our (Country) despite all of the (Obstacles) that stand in our way. We never needed anybody for anything; (They Needed us and Still do).
"Looks Like We Really Are The (Moors) After All". Author: King Tutankhaten.
Thanks!

“Shove your "Warnings"”

Since: Jul 11

where da sun don't shine....

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#22
Jul 29, 2011
 

Judged:

1

1

1

Any of those AFRIOCAN patents?

....NO?

You mean, blacks had to be kidnapped, enslaved, and whipped into submission before all this creativity surfaced?

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