Snowflake the Albino Gorilla Was Inbr...

Snowflake the Albino Gorilla Was Inbred, Study Finds

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Gottz

Athens, GA

#1 Jun 15, 2013
A famous albino gorilla that lived for 40 years at the Barcelona Zoo got its white coloring by way of inbreeding, new research shows.

Snowflake was a male Western lowland gorilla. He was born in the wild and captured in 1966 by villagers in Equatorial Guinea. As the only known white gorilla in the world, Snowflake was a zoo celebrity until his death of skin cancer in 2003.

A few studies had attempted to get to the bottom of what caused Snowflake's color-free complexion, but the exact genetic mutation had never been found. Now, Spanish researchers have sequenced the gorilla's entire genome, revealing that Snowflake was probably the offspring of a pairing between an uncle and a niece.[Photos: Snowflake the Albino Gorilla]

Explaining albinism

In humans, four genetic mutations are known to cause albinism, a syndrome marked by a lack of skin, eye and hair pigment. People with albinism are at high risk for vision problems and skin cancers because of this missing pigment.[Album: Amazing Albino Animals]

Using frozen blood from Snowflake, researchers led by Tomas Marques-Bonet of the Institut de Biologia Evolutiva at the University of Pompeu Fabra sequenced the entire genome of the late ape. Comparing that sequence with those of humans and nonalbino gorillas, Marques-Bonet and his colleagues narrowed down the cause of Snowflake's albinism to a single gene, known as SLC45A2. Snowflake inherited a mutant form of this gene from both of his parents.

The gene has previously been linked to albinism in mice, horses, chickens and a species of fish.

Next, the researchers combed through Snowflake's genome looking for stretches of DNA that were identical due to inbreeding. They found that 12 percent of the genes from Snowflake's mom and pop matched, a number that points to an uncle and niece mating as the most likely parentage for Snowflake.

Inbreeding threat?

No one else has reported inbreeding in Western lowland gorillas, Marques-Bonet told LiveScience, though some other gorilla subspecies with small populations have been known to turn to family to mate. And with habitat loss, gorillas may struggle to find a place to disperse from their original family.

"If we are reducing much more the space that they have now, it is more likely that they will be forced to stay in the group and that will increase the consanguinity," or shared blood, Marques-Bonet said.

The sequencing of Snowflake's genome is just one portion of a larger project to sequence the genomes of wild-born chimpanzees and gorillas, Marques-Bonet said. The ultimate goal is to understand how much genetic variation is in the wild ape population, and how that compares with the variation seen in humans.
Mr Afrocentric

Ann Arbor, MI

#2 Jun 15, 2013
Not surprising seeing how albinos know as whites are always inbred.

Since: Feb 13

Location hidden

#3 Jun 15, 2013
this is interesting and explains where white ppl came from. especially since we know they suffered two population bottlenecks in europe.

"The gene has previously been linked to albinism in mice, horses, chickens and a species of fish." they forgot to add pale skin in white ppl lol but its true
Mike

Greenville, NH

#4 Jun 15, 2013
White people aren't albinos, you fools.

Albinism is an actual genetic defect that is detectable and diagnosable.

White people have melanin. If they had no melanin (as albinos do), they would not be able to tan at all and sunlight would be deadly. This is why albinos must ALWAYS cover up and avoid the sun, it immediately damages not only their skin but also their eyes. White people also have very different colors of eyes (ranging from very dark to very light) and very different colors of hair (ranging from black to blonde,) this is all caused by melanin. Albinos do not have black or brown hair, because they lack the pigment melanin.
Albinos, actual albinos, cannot tan because they have no melanin whatsoever, so for albinos the sun is extremely dangerous, even life threatening.

White people developed pale skin through natural selection over periods of thousands and thousands of years - Caucasians are able to synthesize Vitamin D six times more effectively than Africans by exposure to sunlight. This is important because ancient European populations needed the Vitamin D but the UV intensity of the sun is weaker the further up North on the globe one is, so they needed their skin to be more fair to better Synthesize Vitamin D because their diet could not provide adequate amounts of it.

You observe this not only in white people but in ALL people. Even Asian skin tones get far lighter the further North on the globe you get. This is why the paleness of Caucasian skin is directly proportionate to how high up on the globe a given population is situated - the skin tone gradient is completely even and gradual (from darker, more "Olive" tones of the white people of the Mediterranean to the most pale in Northern Europe.) this would NOT be the case if whites were albinos, albinos have no gradient in skin tone within their population.

White people can give birth to actual albinos, if the white race were ALL albinos this would be an impossibility. So what are you saying, that the albinos white people give birth to are albino albinos? Ahahahahahahahaha! Idiots.

Since: Feb 13

Location hidden

#5 Jun 16, 2013
Mike wrote:
White people aren't albinos, you fools.
Albinism is an actual genetic defect that is detectable and diagnosable.
White people have melanin. If they had no melanin (as albinos do), they would not be able to tan at all and sunlight would be deadly. This is why albinos must ALWAYS cover up and avoid the sun, it immediately damages not only their skin but also their eyes. White people also have very different colors of eyes (ranging from very dark to very light) and very different colors of hair (ranging from black to blonde,) this is all caused by melanin. Albinos do not have black or brown hair, because they lack the pigment melanin.
Albinos, actual albinos, cannot tan because they have no melanin whatsoever, so for albinos the sun is extremely dangerous, even life threatening.
White people developed pale skin through natural selection over periods of thousands and thousands of years - Caucasians are able to synthesize Vitamin D six times more effectively than Africans by exposure to sunlight. This is important because ancient European populations needed the Vitamin D but the UV intensity of the sun is weaker the further up North on the globe one is, so they needed their skin to be more fair to better Synthesize Vitamin D because their diet could not provide adequate amounts of it.
You observe this not only in white people but in ALL people. Even Asian skin tones get far lighter the further North on the globe you get. This is why the paleness of Caucasian skin is directly proportionate to how high up on the globe a given population is situated - the skin tone gradient is completely even and gradual (from darker, more "Olive" tones of the white people of the Mediterranean to the most pale in Northern Europe.) this would NOT be the case if whites were albinos, albinos have no gradient in skin tone within their population.
White people can give birth to actual albinos, if the white race were ALL albinos this would be an impossibility. So what are you saying, that the albinos white people give birth to are albino albinos? Ahahahahahahahaha! Idiots.
we've all been taught this lie, and its been proven false recently. please catch up with the rest of us.

“No Substitute For The Truth”

Level 8

Since: Jan 10

Orlando, FL

#6 Jun 16, 2013
Mike wrote:
White people aren't albinos, you fools.
Albinism is an actual genetic defect that is detectable and diagnosable.
White people have melanin. If they had no melanin (as albinos do), they would not be able to tan at all and sunlight would be deadly. This is why albinos must ALWAYS cover up and avoid the sun, it immediately damages not only their skin but also their eyes. White people also have very different colors of eyes (ranging from very dark to very light) and very different colors of hair (ranging from black to blonde,) this is all caused by melanin. Albinos do not have black or brown hair, because they lack the pigment melanin.
Albinos, actual albinos, cannot tan because they have no melanin whatsoever, so for albinos the sun is extremely dangerous, even life threatening.
White people developed pale skin through natural selection over periods of thousands and thousands of years - Caucasians are able to synthesize Vitamin D six times more effectively than Africans by exposure to sunlight. This is important because ancient European populations needed the Vitamin D but the UV intensity of the sun is weaker the further up North on the globe one is, so they needed their skin to be more fair to better Synthesize Vitamin D because their diet could not provide adequate amounts of it.
You observe this not only in white people but in ALL people. Even Asian skin tones get far lighter the further North on the globe you get. This is why the paleness of Caucasian skin is directly proportionate to how high up on the globe a given population is situated - the skin tone gradient is completely even and gradual (from darker, more "Olive" tones of the white people of the Mediterranean to the most pale in Northern Europe.) this would NOT be the case if whites were albinos, albinos have no gradient in skin tone within their population.
White people can give birth to actual albinos, if the white race were ALL albinos this would be an impossibility. So what are you saying, that the albinos white people give birth to are albino albinos? Ahahahahahahahaha! Idiots.
Some albinos have Melanin as well. In fact some Albinos can have blond hair & Brown eyes as well.
http://www.hemmy.net/images/bizarre/blackwhit...
http://nycfreeconcerts.com/wp-content/uploads...

“No Substitute For The Truth”

Level 8

Since: Jan 10

Orlando, FL

#7 Jun 16, 2013
Mike wrote:
White people aren't albinos, you fools.

White people developed pale skin through natural selection over periods of thousands and thousands of years - Caucasians are able to synthesize Vitamin D six times more effectively than Africans by exposure to sunlight. This is important because ancient European populations needed the Vitamin D but the UV intensity of the sun is weaker the further up North on the globe one is, so they needed their skin to be more fair to better Synthesize Vitamin D because their diet could not provide adequate amounts of it.
It's all theory. How does one explain 'white skinned' populations also living Afghanistan??
http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-0oh4DGRI6vA/UPBl-7Q...

Blond hair populations on Solomon Islands??
http://t0.gstatic.com/images...

Blue eyed West Africans
http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-9UNZSHQQhDw/URBZWsU...
Mike

Greenville, NH

#8 Jun 20, 2013
Aziya Shines wrote:
<quoted text>we've all been taught this lie, and its been proven false recently. please catch up with the rest of us.
No, you’ve been taught the truth I’m afraid, you’ve just chosen to fabricate a ludicrous lie and proclaim it to be true, in a vain attempt to minimize your intense racial insecurity. Every single person with any amount of common sense and basic understanding of human genetics knows what you’re saying is so easily proven to be asinine that they usually don’t even choose to humor you – they pity you. That’s the problem with Afrocentrism, the vast majority of its membership have an average intelligence on par with the typical 7th grader. They just don’t realize how dumb they sound – fools often don’t. Your entire theory and supporting evidence amounts to “White people be albinos! Cuz, like, albinos are light and white people be light too!!!!” ALL genetic evidence directly contradicts this claim, and you’re an idiot.
Mike

Greenville, NH

#9 Jun 20, 2013
Ahahaha, didn’t even realize this insane thread had been bumped.
Redefined wrote:
<quoted text>
Some albinos have Melanin as well. In fact some Albinos can have blond hair & Brown eyes as well.
And? All forms of human albinism are completely genetically diagnosable and are characterized by a lack of melanin within a certain portion of body (as opposed to white people, who ALL have melanin as a part of their skin's biology.) What form of albinism are you asserting “White people” suffer from exactly and which genes are you claiming are involved? Oculocutaneous Albinism? Ocular albinism? Hermansky-Pudlak Syndrome? Genetic studies have proven that the skin complexion of Caucasians is not, in any way, associated with albinism. Those with albinism have very specific genetic defects associated with specific genes – and this is observable on a genetic level. Are you claiming that all white people have different forms of albinism (as in, those with dark hair and dark eyes have a different form than those with blonde hair and blue eyes)? You obviously have no idea whatsoever how albinism works.

Albinism is caused by inheriting the necessary recessive gene alleles from both parents. It is either ON or OFF. Think of it in terms of dwarfism. You’re either born with dwarfism, or you’re not. Suppose there is an albino black woman and a black man that carries the recessive albinism genes but does not himself have albinism. Their child will either be an albino or will be a black child whose skin tone is not in any way affected or “lightened” by his Mother’s albinism. It's the complete opposite with Caucasians. When a European person and a Sub-Saharan African person give birth to a child the child’s skin tone typically finds a “middle ground”(for a cogent example think of the President – his skin is much lighter than his Father’s but much darker than his Mother’s.) Albinism does not, and cannot, work in this way. This is precisely why there are so many light-skinned African Americans in this country – European admixture. Are you claiming they all have just a lil’ touch of the ole albinism?

-CONTINUED BELOW-
Mike

Greenville, NH

#10 Jun 20, 2013
Considering the forms of albinism are a result of inheriting the appropriate homozygous recessive alleleles, two mixed-race people would have a 25% chance of producing a “pure” white (albino, according to you) person, if whites were actually albinos. This is how genetics actually works, and yet this simply does not occur.

White people carry the exact same recessive alleles for the various types of human albinism that black people do. How do you possibly explain albino offspring of Caucasian people? Are they albino albinos?

Also, due to the specific genes that are responsible for the types of human albinism, those affected also have a litany of vision of hearing problems, none of which white people experience due to their complexion. In virtually all forms of human albinism those affected are virtually blind by 40 – because the genes that are responsible for albinism also affect vision. ALL forms of albinism are associated with eyesight problems, not so with “Caucasian” skin.

Skin tone works the same way in EVERY POPULATION ON EARTH. The further north on the globe a given population is situated the weaker the UV intensity of the sun that group experiences. The weaker the UV intensity of the sun that is experienced by a given population the lighter that population’s skin tone becomes over time. This happens with East Asians, this happens with Middle Easterners, this happens with Native Americans… this happens with EVERYONE. How do you possibly explain this? Those populations all just have a lil’ touch of the ole albinism? Yahahahaha. Many East Asians have skin just as “light” as European groups. Also, within East Asian populations (like the Han Chinese) the Northern populations are often measurably lighter than their Southern counterparts. This exact phenomenon is also observed within the European population. This would simply not occur if light skin were the result of albinism.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Unlabeled_R...

It’s an even, constant gradient. Human skin tone is naturally selected for in direct proportion to the UV intensity of the sun.

-CONTINUED BELOW-
Mike

Greenville, NH

#11 Jun 20, 2013
Ahahaha, didn’t even realize this insane thread had been bumped.
Redefined wrote:
<quoted text>
Some albinos have Melanin as well. In fact some Albinos can have blond hair & Brown eyes as well.
And? All forms of human albinism are completely genetically diagnosable and are characterized by a lack of melanin within a certain portion of body (as opposed to white people, who ALL have melanin as a part of their skin's biology.) What form of albinism are you asserting “White people” suffer from exactly and which genes are you claiming are involved? Oculocutaneous Albinism? Ocular albinism? Hermansky-Pudlak Syndrome? Genetic studies have proven that the skin complexion of Caucasians is not, in any way, associated with albinism. Those with albinism have very specific genetic defects associated with specific genes – and this is observable on a genetic level. Are you claiming that all white people have different forms of albinism (as in, those with dark hair and dark eyes have a different form than those with blonde hair and blue eyes)? You obviously have no idea whatsoever how albinism works.

Albinism is caused by inheriting the necessary recessive gene alleles from both parents. It is either ON or OFF. Think of it in terms of dwarfism. You’re either born with dwarfism, or you’re not. Suppose there is an albino black woman and a black man that carries the recessive albinism genes but does not himself have albinism. Their child will either be an albino or will be a black child whose skin tone is not in any way affected or “lightened” by his Mother’s albinism. It's the complete opposite with Caucasians. When a European person and a Sub-Saharan African person give birth to a child the child’s skin tone typically finds a “middle ground”(for a cogent example think of the President – his skin is much lighter than his Father’s but much darker than his Mother’s.) Albinism does not, and cannot, work in this way. This is precisely why there are so many light-skinned African Americans in this country – European admixture. Are you claiming they all have just a lil’ touch of the ole albinism?
Mike

Greenville, NH

#12 Jun 20, 2013
Redefined wrote:
<quoted text>
It's all theory. How does one explain 'white skinned' populations also living Afghanistan??
http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-0oh4DGRI6vA/UPBl-7Q...
Blond hair populations on Solomon Islands??
http://t0.gstatic.com/images...
Blue eyed West Africans
http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-9UNZSHQQhDw/URBZWsU...
No, it’s fact. What I state are facts, the assertion that whites are albinos is a farce.

You’re making my point for me here - NONE of those things you linked there have any relation whatsoever to albinism. Those are all due to specific genetic mutations. You seem to have a fundamental misunderstanding when it comes to the concept of evolution. ALL, as in every single one, of the “racial characteristics” of all existing human ethnic groups are resultant of genetic mutations. If hominids did not experience genetic mutations then humans would never have evolved and in our place would be monkeys. The reason Sub Saharan Africans appear the way they do (extremely dark skin and unique hair type) is because over a period of tens and tens of thousands of years genetic mutations occurred within particular individuals that allowed them to survive more effectively underneath the extreme intensity of the Africa sun, or that made them more sexually appealing within their population group. Those with these mutations were thus more successful in terms of reproduction and therefore those traits were “naturally selected" for. They produced more offspring, and those offspring in turn had a far greater chance of inheriting, manifesting, and passing down those mutations (and those that did in turn continued to have more offspring than their neighbors and this evolutionary cycle continued through the eons). Over time the tendency of the population to favor those with the advantageous genetic mutations caused those mutations to be amplified through many thousands of generations.

Those fair skinned people in your first link are not Pashtuns (the native population of Afghanistant most people think of when referring to “Afganhis”), they are Kalash. They are not albino Pashtuns. The Kalash are completely genetically distinct from their Southern Pashtun neighbors:

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/3/38...

They developed fair skin the exact same way Europeans developed fair skin and the same way Africans developed dark skin – through natural selection over a period of thousands and thousands of years. As did the “black” inhabitants of Australia and the Solomon Islands – they developed blonde hair and it was naturally selected for and amplified over time within their populations. And the girl in your last link has Waardenburg Syndrome. Also, white people are not the only race with “Light eyes”; many Pashtuns, Middle Eastern, and Indian people have eyes ranging from green to gray. Do they also have a lil’ touch of the ole albinism?

“No Substitute For The Truth”

Level 8

Since: Jan 10

Orlando, FL

#13 Jun 20, 2013
Mike wrote:
<quoted text>
No, it’s fact. What I state are facts, the assertion that whites are albinos is a farce.
You’re making my point for me here - NONE of those things you linked there have any relation whatsoever to albinism. Those are all due to specific genetic mutations. You seem to have a fundamental misunderstanding when it comes to the concept of evolution. ALL, as in every single one, of the “racial characteristics” of all existing human ethnic groups are resultant of genetic mutations. If hominids did not experience genetic mutations then humans would never have evolved and in our place would be monkeys. The reason Sub Saharan Africans appear the way they do (extremely dark skin and unique hair type) is because over a period of tens and tens of thousands of years genetic mutations occurred within particular individuals that allowed them to survive more effectively underneath the extreme intensity of the Africa sun, or that made them more sexually appealing within their population group. Those with these mutations were thus more successful in terms of reproduction and therefore those traits were “naturally selected" for. They produced more offspring, and those offspring in turn had a far greater chance of inheriting, manifesting, and passing down those mutations (and those that did in turn continued to have more offspring than their neighbors and this evolutionary cycle continued through the eons). Over time the tendency of the population to favor those with the advantageous genetic mutations caused those mutations to be amplified through many thousands of generations.
Those fair skinned people in your first link are not Pashtuns (the native population of Afghanistant most people think of when referring to “Afganhis”), they are Kalash. They are not albino Pashtuns. The Kalash are completely genetically distinct from their Southern Pashtun neighbors:
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/3/38...
They developed fair skin the exact same way Europeans developed fair skin and the same way Africans developed dark skin – through natural selection over a period of thousands and thousands of years. As did the “black” inhabitants of Australia and the Solomon Islands – they developed blonde hair and it was naturally selected for and amplified over time within their populations. And the girl in your last link has Waardenburg Syndrome. Also, white people are not the only race with “Light eyes”; many Pashtuns, Middle Eastern, and Indian people have eyes ranging from green to gray. Do they also have a lil’ touch of the ole albinism?
All those traits are indeed associated with albinism. Yes those Africans with blue eyes have albinism but a less severe form. It depends on which enzyme is mutated. There are various enzymes responsible for pigment & if any one of those enzymes are mutated, the melanin is either partially or completely reduced. Apparently all those with albinism are NOT affected the same way hence why one African may have blue eyes while another African may have white skin, light hair & eyes but the latter is considered serve because it's MORE dangerous to lack pigment all over ur body since melanin is responsible for various body functions. The Human Body can't function at an optional level without melanin.

“No Substitute For The Truth”

Level 8

Since: Jan 10

Orlando, FL

#14 Jun 20, 2013
Optimal Level*

“No Substitute For The Truth”

Level 8

Since: Jan 10

Orlando, FL

#15 Jun 20, 2013
Within melanosomes, at least three enzymes are absolutely required to synthesize different types of melanin.
http://www.fasebj.org/content/21/4/976.full
Mike

Greenville, NH

#16 Jun 20, 2013
Redefined wrote:
<quoted text>
All those traits are indeed associated with albinism. Yes those Africans with blue eyes have albinism but a less severe form. It depends on which enzyme is mutated. There are various enzymes responsible for pigment & if any one of those enzymes are mutated, the melanin is either partially or completely reduced. Apparently all those with albinism are NOT affected the same way hence why one African may have blue eyes while another African may have white skin, light hair & eyes but the latter is considered serve because it's MORE dangerous to lack pigment all over ur body since melanin is responsible for various body functions. The Human Body can't function at an optional level without melanin.
No, you fool, it's called occular albinism. It is a specific type of albinism that affects only the eyes and it is caused by a defect to either the GPR143 gene or the CACNA1F gene. It has nothing to do with a "Less severe form," it's an entirely different form altogether.... and that was my point - the areas in which the type of albinism applies (be it occular, oculocutaneous, etc.) entails a complete lack of melanin (and ALL white people, every single one, have melanin within their skin). That's the thing that seems to be escaping you, all of these forms of albinism are genetically observable, meaning we can specifically identify which gene is responsible for these form. White people simply do not have ANY of the genetic defects associated with ANY form of albinism. And that girl obviously has Waardenburg Syndrome by the way, you can tell from her brow.

Can you directly address ANY of the multitude of points I brought up in my previous 3 posts? No? Obviously not, good going ignoring them. They totally and utterly dismantle any assertion that Caucasian skin is a form of albinism.

Since: Feb 13

Location hidden

#17 Jun 20, 2013
Mike wrote:
<quoted text>
No, you’ve been taught the truth I’m afraid, you’ve just chosen to fabricate a ludicrous lie and proclaim it to be true, in a vain attempt to minimize your intense racial insecurity. Every single person with any amount of common sense and basic understanding of human genetics knows what you’re saying is so easily proven to be asinine that they usually don’t even choose to humor you – they pity you. That’s the problem with Afrocentrism, the vast majority of its membership have an average intelligence on par with the typical 7th grader. They just don’t realize how dumb they sound – fools often don’t. Your entire theory and supporting evidence amounts to “White people be albinos! Cuz, like, albinos are light and white people be light too!!!!” ALL genetic evidence directly contradicts this claim, and you’re an idiot.
http://www.topix.com/forum/afa m/TG36RE450CQGE44TB

albinism is a term for related genetic disorders. i know its hard for you to accept but pale skin is a genetic disorder and it is deadly. "white" ppl are the only group that are known for the same traits as "albinos" pale skin, light hair and eyes. those are all flaws in dna, though they are not harmful. and "whites" are the only ones as a group that are known for those traits.

we also know their skin didnt turn pale due to low levels of uv light, thats been proven since 2005, where the hell u been?

Since: Feb 13

Location hidden

#18 Jun 20, 2013
this guy is so outdated its not funny, science constantly changes. scientist once thought melanin was junk dna, but now we know how important it is for humans, all living things to have melanin.

"if youre melenated, celebrate it"
lol
Mike

Greenville, NH

#19 Jun 20, 2013
Aziya Shines wrote:
albinism is a term for related genetic disorders. "white" ppl are the only group that are known for the same traits as "albinos" pale skin, light hair and eyes. those are all flaws in dna, though they are not harmful. and "whites" are the only ones as a group that are known for those traits.
LOL! It's not hard for me not to accept because it is complete and utter nonsense, and you have provided NO evidence whatsoever.. and "deadly?" Ahahahah! That doesn't even make sense!

1: In your link, which is all just fantasy, you state that many whites do not have melanin. This is not true, all whites have melanin.

2: Albinism comes in many different forms and each of those form affects a specific gene or subset of genes (OCA2, GPR143, etc.). Some forms affect only the skin, some only the eyes, etc. So, are you honestly saying whites have about a billion different forms of albinism? Are you honestly saying white people with dark hair and dark eyes have a different form than those with blonde hair and light eyes? Southern Europeans have a different form from French and they have a different form from Norwegian all due to the differences in their respective skin tones? Do you realize how asinine and genetically impossible that is? What "forms" exactly and what genes does it involve? Ahahaha. The typical white family has siblings all with different forms of albinism? Ahahaha.

3: White people can give birth to actual albinos. If white people are ALREADY albinos, what does that make those offspring you idiot? Albino albinos?

4: If Caucasian skin complexion was a form of albinism it would be caused by inheriting the appropriate homozygous recessive alleles from carrier-parents. Therefore, two mixed race people (of one black one white parent) would have a 25% chance of producing a PURE white person. This does not happen. This would happen if Caucasian skin complexion were a form of albinism, so why does it not happen?

5: When an albino produces offspring with a non albino the offspring's skin tone is not IN ANY WAY affected by the parent with albinism (unless the offspring is in fact an albino.) This is not the case with Caucasians, when black and white people mate their resulting offspring have a "mixed" skin tone. This would not happen with albinism, albinism is either manifests or it does not manifest. Why does this happen, then, if white people are albinos? Are you too stupid to realize this is a GENTIC IMPOSSIBLITY.

7: Pale skin, light hair, and light eyes does not occur just within just white people but it occurs in ALL PEOPLE OF EVERY RACE. The color of the races of ALL humans is directly proportional to the UV intensity of the sun. Many East Asians have lighter skin than many Southern Europeans. Many Middle Eastern people, Indians, and Pashtuns have extremely light hair and eyes and no European admixture whatsoever, ever seen Aishwarya Rai? The most famous Indian woman on the face of the Earth?

8: All albinos have severe vision issues, most are blind by 40. They have a litany of physical defects associated with their versions of albinism. White people are not in any way affected in these ways. Are you honestly claiming most white people are virtually blind by 40?

8: Albinism is genetically observable, every form. White people have NONE of the observable genetic defects of albinos. You say that "The OCA2 form of albinism is very similar to Caucasian phenotypes". That literally makes no sense whatsoever, it is the ramblings of an idiot with no grasp whatsoever of what he speaks. White people can give birth to oculocutaneous albinos due to that specific genetic defect. That would be impossible if whites "had it already." Also, it is not Caucasian skin that is most closely associated with that gene but EAST ASIAN skin tones, you ill-educated buffoon:

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2...

(Note: I am in now way implying East Asians are albinos. I am not an idiot.)
Mike

Greenville, NH

#20 Jun 20, 2013
Aziya Shines wrote:
<quoted text>those are all flaws in dna, though they are not harmful.
LOL! No, they are not "Flaws," they are MUTATATIONS, you jackass.... And I thought you called it "deadly" just a few sentences ago?! Ahahaha. You apparently do not understand the evolutionary process. They are mutations exactly like extremely dark skin and kinky hair are mutations in African populations. Not only is pale skin not "not harmful," it is tremendously beneficial on the portions of the Earth where the UV intensity is at its lowest. Europeans are six times more effective than Africans when it comes to synthesizing vitamin D from sunlight when compared to Sub Saharan Africans. Blonde hair and light eyes are prized for their physical attractiveness, hence why they were "naturally selected" for via sexual selection.

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