. The original icons representing the Hebrew Israelites depicted them as dark in color. Many historians and archeologists have undertaken great pains to correct the lies, or whitewashing, concerning these icons by bringing out the correct history of the people connected to these icons. There are two types of Jews: the true Jews, who are the Jews of the Bible, and those people who converted to Judaism, who are the Jews of today. The Jews of the Bible, who are the Jews of the Diaspora, and the Jews of today, the Ashkenazim Jews, have two distinctly different backgrounds. They are not the same people. However, both of these Jews were living in Europe during the Middle Ages, but the icons that were created during the Middle Ages represent only one of these groups.African Americans are NOT descendants of Hebrews since the Jews had a part in the Atlantic slave trade.
Before the Middle Ages began, the nation of Israel broke up into two Kingdoms, the kingdom of Israel and the Kingdom of Judah. After the death of Solomon, around 971 B.C., ten tribes led by the tribe of Ephraim became the kingdom of Israel, while two tribes led by the tribe of Judah became the kingdom of Judah. These two kingdoms constantly fought each other and sought to separate themselves by any means possible. According to Steven Collins,“The first Israelite king (Jeroboam) sought to sever cultural and religious ties between the Israelite and Jewish kingdoms by replacing God’s Holy Days with pagan festivals.” This attempt to sever the two kingdoms, along with the wars and captivities experienced by the two kingdoms, completely scattered them throughout Europe. According to Steven Collins,“Migrating Israelites would have quickly lost their Israelite identity” as they begin life all over somewhere else. By the time we reach the Middle Ages, the majority of the kingdom of Judah (meaning Jews) resided in Rome and Jerusalem, while the kingdom of Israel and some members of the kingdom of Judah lived scattered throughout Europe as the founders of empires such as “Phoenicia, Carthage, Scythia and Parthia,” who later became the “Teutons, Vandals, Saxons, Germans, Jutes, Alani, and Goths.”
The attempt to conceal the truth of the color of the people associated with the icons depicting Jews may be the result of attitudes displayed towards the Black Moors and other black rulers of Europe during the Middle Ages. These attitudes may have occurred because black people were ruling parts of Europe once ruled by white people. The Dark, or Middle, Ages designates the period between the fall of the Roman Empire and the fall of the Byzantium Empire (193 A.D. to 1453 A.D.). Rome made anyone, who took a pledge to serve Rome, Roman citizens. Rome also created armies out of these new Roman citizens and set them apart from Rome’s own army. In 193 A.D., a black man named Septimius Serverus (descendant of the Phoenicians), as a General in the Roman army, aided by the black men under his command, conquered Rome beginning the time period referred to as the Dark, or Middle Ages. According to Carl Roebuck,“The Roman Empire passed through a crucial period of internal anarchy and foreign invasion which transformed its nature. The death of Commodus in 192 was followed by civil war, from which Septimius Severus, the commander of the Danubian legions, emerged as victor and established the Severan Dynasty of Rulers.” From this period on, black people began to rule in different parts of Europe at different times during the Middle Ages.