#65309 May 26, 2013
The term Amorites is used in the Bible to refer to
certain highland mountaineers who inhabited the
land of Canaan, described in Genesis 10:16 as
descendants of Canaan, son of Ham. They are
described as a powerful people of great stature
"like the height of the cedars," (Amos 2:9) who
had occupied the land east and west of the Jordan.
The height and strength mentioned in Amos 2:9
has led some Christian scholars, including Orville J.
Nave, who wrote the classic Nave's Topical Bible to
refer to the Amorites as "giants."
The Amorite king, Og, was described as the last "of
the remnant of the Rephaim" (Deut. 3:11). The
terms Amorite and Canaanite seem to be used
more or less interchangeably, Canaan being more
general and Amorite a specific component among
the Canaanites who inhabited the land.
The Biblical Amorites seem to have originally
occupied the region stretching from the heights
west of the Dead Sea (Gen. 14:7) to Hebron (13:8;
Deut. 3:8; 4:46-48), embracing "all Gilead and all
Bashan" (Deut. 3:10), with the Jordan valley on the
east of the river (4:49), the land of the "two kings
of the Amorites," Sihon and Og (Deut. 31:4; Josh.
2:10; 9:10). Both Sihon and Og were independent
kings. These Amorites seem to have been linked to
the Jerusalem region, and the Jebusites may have
been a subgroup of them. The southern slopes of
the mountains of Judea are called the "mount of
the Amorites" (Deut. 1:7, 19, 20).
Five kings of the Amorites were first defeated with
great slaughter by Joshua (10:10). Then more
Amorite kings were defeated at the waters of
Merom by Joshua (Josh. 11:8). It is mentioned that
in the days of Samuel, there was peace between
them and the Israelites (1 Sam. 7:14). The
Gibeonites were said to be their descendants,
being an offshoot of the Amorites that made a
covenant with the Hebrews; when Saul would
break that vow and kill some of the Gibeonites,
God sent a famine to Israel.
#65310 May 26, 2013
Because of its strategic location at the intersection
of Asia and Europe, Anatolia has been the center of
several civilizations since prehistoric times.
Neolithic settlements include Çatalhöyük,Çayönü,
Nevali Cori, Hacilar, Göbekli Tepe, Norsuntepe,
Kosk and Mersin.
Çatalhöyük (Central Turkey) is considered the
most advanced of these, and Çayönü in the East
the oldest (c. 7250-6750 BCE). We have a good
idea of the town layout at Çayönü, based on a
central square with buildings constructed of stone
and mud. Archeological finds include farming tools
that suggest both crops and animal husbandry as
well as domestication of the dog. Religion is
represented by figurines of Cybele, a mother
goddess. Hacilar (Western Turkey) followed
Çayönü, and has been dated to 7040 BCE.
Chalcolithic (Copper) Age
Straddling the Neolithic and early Bronze Age, the
Chalcolithic era (c. 5500-3000 BCE) is defined by
the first metal implements made with copper. This
age is represented in Anatolia by sites at Hacilar,
Beycesultan, Canhasan, Mersin Yumuktepe, Elazig
Tepecik, Malatya Degirmentepe, Norsuntepe, and
The Bronze Age (c. 3300-1200 BC) is characterised
by the use of copper and its tin alloy, bronze, for
manufacturing implements. Asia Minor was one of
the first areas to develop bronze making.
Early Bronze Age
3000 - 2500 BCE
At the origins of written history, the Anatolian
plains inside the area ringed by the Kızıl 05;rmak
River were occupied by the first defined civilization
in Anatolia, a non-Indo-European indigenous
people named the Hattians (c. 2500 BC c. 2000
BC). Although the first habitation appears to have
occurred as early as the 6th millennium BC during
the Chalcolithic period, functioning settlements
trading with each other occurred during the 3rd
millennium BC. A settlement on a high ridge
would become known as Büyükkaya, and later as
the city of Hattush, the center of this civilization.
Later, still, it would become the Hittite stronghold
of Hattusha and is now Boğazköy. Remnants of
Hattian civilization have been found both under
the lower city of Hattusha and in the higher areas
of Büyükkaya and Büyükkale, Another
settlement was established at Yarikkaya, about
2 km to the northeast.
The discovery of mineral deposits in this part of
Anatolia allowed the Anatolians to develop
metallurgy, such as the implements found in the
royal graves at Alaca Höyük, about 25 km from
Boğazköy, which it preceded, dating from
2400-2200 BC. Other Hattian centers include
Hassum, Kanesh, Purushanda, and Zalwar.
 During this time the Hattians
engaged in trade with city states such as those of
Sumer, which needed timber products from the
Anatolia had remained in the prehistoric period
until it entered the sphere of influence of the
Akkadian Empire in the 24th century BC under
Sargon I, particularly in eastern Anatolia. However
the Akkadian Empire suffered problematic climate
changes in Mesopotamia, as well as a reduction in
available manpower that affected trade. This led to
its fall around 2150 BCE at the hands of the
Gutians. The interest of the Akkadians in the
region as far as it is known was for exporting
various materials for manufacturing. Bronze
metallurgy had spread to Anatolia from the
Transcaucasian Kura-Araxes culture in the late 4th
millennium BCE. While Anatolia was well
endowed with copper ores, there was no evidence
of substantial workings of the tin required to make
bronze in Bronze-Age Anatolia.
#65312 May 26, 2013
Middle Bronze Age
2500 - 2000 BCE
During the middle Bronze Age, the Hattian
civilization, including its capital of Hattush,
continued to expand. The Anatolian middle
Bronze Age influenced the early Minoan culture of
Crete (3400 to 2200 BC) as evidenced by
archaeological findings at Knossos.
Late Bronze Age
2000 - 1200 BCE
The Hattians came into contact with Assyrians
traders from Assur in Mesopotamia such as at
Kanesh (Nesha) near modern Kültepe who
provided them with the tin needed to make
bronze. These trading posts or Karums (Akkadian
for Port), have lent their name to a period, the
Karum Period. The Karums, or Assyrian trading
colonies, persisted in Anatolia until Hammurabi
conquered Assyria and it fell under Babylonian
domination in 1756 BC. These Karums represented
separate residential areas where the traders lived,
protected by the Hattites, and paying taxes in
return. Meanwhile the fortifications of Hattush
were strengthened with construction of royal
residences on Büyükkale.
After the Assyrians overthrew their Gutians
neighbours (c. 2050 BC) they claimed the local
resources, notably silver, for themselves. However
the Assyrians brought writing to Anatolia, a
necessary tool for trading and business. These
transactions were recorded in Akkadian cuneiform
on clay tablets. Records found at Kanesh use an
advanced system of trading computations and
credit lines. The records also indicate the names of
the cities where the transaction occurred.
History of the Hittites
Further information: Kizzuwatna and Arzawa
The history of the Hittite civilization is known
mostly from cuneiform texts found in the area of
their empire, and from diplomatic and commercial
correspondence found in various archives in Egypt
and the Middle East.
Hattians civilization was also impacted by an
invading Indo-European people, the Hittites, in the
early 18th century BC, Hattush being burned to
the ground in 1700 BC by King Anitta of Kussar
after overthrowing King Piyushti. He then placed a
curse on the site and set up his capital at Kanesh
160 km south east. The Hittites absorbed the
Hattians over the next century, a process that was
essentially complete by 1650 BC. Eventually
Hattusha became a Hittite centre by the second
half of the 17th century BC, and King Hattusili I
(15861556 BC) moved his capital back to
Hattusha from Nea (Kanesh).
The Old Hittite Empire (17th - 15th century BCE)
was at its height in the 16th century BCE,
encompassing central Anatolia, north-western
Syria as far as Ugarit, and upper Mesopotamia.
Kizzuwatna in southern Anatolia controlled the
region separating the Hittite Empire from Syria,
thereby greatly affecting trade routes. The peace
was kept in accordance with both empires through
treaties that established boundaries of control.
Following the reign of Telipinu (c. 1460 BC) the
Hittite kingdom entered a relatively weak and
poorly documented phase, known as the Middle
Kingdom, from the reign of Telipinu's son-in-law,
Alluwamna (mid-15th century BC) to that of
Muwatalli I (c. 1400 BC).
#65313 May 26, 2013
King Tudhaliya I (early 14th century BC) ushered
in a new era of Hittite power, often referred to as
the Hittite Empire. The Kings took on a divine role
in Hittite society and the Hittite peoples, often
allied with neighbours such as the Kizzuwatna
began to expand again, moving into Western
Anatolia, absorbing the Luwian state of Arzawa
and the Assuwa League.
It was not until the reign of King Suppiluliumas (c.
13441322 BC) that Kizzuwatna was taken over
fully, although the Hittites still preserved their
cultural accomplishments in Kummanni (now Şar,
Turkey) and Lazawantiya, north of Cilicia.
In the 13th century, after the reign of Hattusili III
(c. 12671237 BC), Hittite power began to wain,
threatened by Egypt to the South and Assyria to
the East, effectively ending with Suppiluliuma II (c.
History of the Hittites and Bronze
After 1180s BCE, amid general turmoil in the
Levant associated with the sudden arrival of the
Sea Peoples, and the collapse of the Bronze Age
the empire disintegrated into several independent
Syro-Hittite (Neo-Hittite) city-states, some of
which survived until as late as the 8th century
BCE. In the West, Greeks were arriving on the
Anatolian coast, and the Kaskas along the northern
Black Sea coast. Eventually Hattusha itself was
destroyed around 1200 BCE and the age of
Empires shifted to that of regional states as the
Bronze Age transitioned into the Iron Age.
The Iron Age (c. 1300 600 BC) was characterised
by the widespread use of iron and steel. It is also
an age known for the development of alphabets
and early literature. It formed the last phase of
Pre-history, spanning the period between the
collapse of the Bronze Age and the rise of classical
civilisation. In Anatolia the dissolution of he Hittite
Empire was replaced by regional Neo-Hittite
powers, including Troad, Ionia, Lydia, Caria and
Lycia in the west, Phrygia, centrally and Cimmeria
and Urartu in the north east, while the Assyrians
occupied much of the south east.
Troad and Troy
The Troad, on the Biga peninsula, was the
northernmost of the Aegean settlements in this
period, best known for the legendary and historical
city state of Troy. There were probably settlemens
in this region dating back to 3000 BC and the
various archeological layers representing
successive civilisations are referred to as Troy I
(30002600 BC) to Troy IX (1st Century BC). Iron
Age Troy corresponds to Troy VII-VIII, and coincides
with the Homeric account of Troy and the Trojan
#65314 May 26, 2013
Ben I can see you are following the wrong people; STOP following these BASTARDS that are ILLITERATES calling themselves saints!!!!!!!!!!
You said; " St. Jerome, who declares that the Salem of Melchizedek was eight miles from Scythopolis,....."
Okay let me HELP OUT!!!!!!!!
Trase the LEAD by linking to the enemies of the linkes of JEROME!!!!!
Let me show you others BASTARDS!!!!!!!!!!;
Marcus Eremita, St. John Chrysostom.
AD 600, Timotheus, Presbyter of Constantinople,
Trace their enemies!!!!!!!!!!
#65315 May 26, 2013
How is this gonna help the state of my people 7earth? Idgf about nothing u posted today, bunch of harry potter bs.#1 prison pop.#1 abortion.#1 in hiv.#1 high blood pressure.#1rockafella drug law crimes. Ect. All at 10 percent of population. How do we reverse the curse? Give us some AA history, heritage, some books and sources. Some tribal info. How about some refuge or dual citizenship info. How we gonna build a nation.
All other Bs is for the birds. I'm sick of storytime post taking up the thread. Ima be at you until you drop some knowledge . Consider yourself exilled. I know all about your doctrine. Once a person starts talkn bout frequencies and flying I know where its leading. Your on some 5% scientology ish. Gtfoh we trying to build a foundation.
#65316 May 26, 2013
Is it so hard to learn??????????
This is Sooooooooooooooo slowwwWwwwwwww!!!!!!!!!
Since: Aug 11
#65317 May 26, 2013
he doing that mess so when peoples fall in to read they run across that wack mess an think aint nothing gong on, he IS JEWISH, are paid by them one or both,they been trying to FOG the FORM, good thing you see whats up
Since: Aug 11
#65318 May 26, 2013
your jewish an we should have Chanted you down from start, i didnt just so others will see, but its time for you to ROLL ON< us hebrews DO NOT IDENTIFY with yo message! BE NICE IF I COULD ARREST YOU, an send you to work camp
#65319 May 26, 2013
Say boy its you I learnt 5% from.
The problem with u guys is u don't take things easy to absorb the essential details, but no problem.
All we wanted to achieve was to make everyone independent, so with yo 3rd eyes u can build a nation, because we now have the tek to build more than 1million islands on the oceans!!!!!!!
Since: Aug 11
#65320 May 26, 2013
fo sho an we waiting on ANYBODY IN THE WHOLE WORLD, TO SHOW US NOT TO BE HEBREWS, THEY CANT DO IT,they cant do nothing, but send in a spy to sabtog the form on the SLICK SIDE, its a cold game , like we crazy, see do is playing games to mess post up. with that GARBAGE,
Since: Aug 11
#65321 May 26, 2013
you needs to be in labor camp , your a CRIMINAL TRYING TO STEAL THE PEOPLES HERITAGE,
Since: Aug 11
#65322 May 26, 2013
your a drunk
Since: Aug 11
#65323 May 26, 2013
we gone shut you down
#65326 May 26, 2013
Ben I'm with you on this!!!!!!!!!!
#65327 May 26, 2013
I was ONLY removing the STAIN !!!!!!!!!!
This SPELL called BABYLON got soldiers on deep side we MUST be AWAKENED!!!!!!!!!!
#65328 May 26, 2013
Aint no ways proving jesus AINT no scythian and Melchizedek AINT no amorite gon stop He-Brew heritage!!!!!!!!!!
My revelations ONLY makes us more aware!!!!!!
So let's move on!!!!!!!!!!
#65329 May 26, 2013
See Mon, I've been on this He-brewed for long time, me sees the auras, me sees deeper than flesh now bro!!!!!!!!!!
These u utter show more that flesh bro!!!!!!!!!!
Isees the spirit!!!!!!!!! Even before I come across u I sees you bro!!!!!!!!!!
This SAVAGE act AINT Brewed bro!!!!!!!!!!
Reflect on GOD!!!!!!!!!!
#65330 May 26, 2013
AINT no time anyone says once your points are made clearer (disproved), you should start jumping up and down and jumping everywhere with SAVAGE WORDS BRO!!!!!!!!!
Man my legs touch my ass tight on my chair bro!!!!!!!!!!
#65331 May 26, 2013
Correction: These u utter show more than* flesh bro!!!!!!!!!!
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