Very definitely nonviolent resistance and revolution is confronted with challenges in an openly authoritarian society or state than in a republic such as we have in America and the West.(We have, as Marcuse noted, a more concealed authoritarianism which offers unique challenges of its own)<quoted text>
The Arab Spring is another current movement being carefully watched by both sides...
Met with state violence as in Syria, it became violent, and may have been hijacked by al Qaeda in any case.
In Egypt the people still protest the govt... now the one they brought into power with the Arab Spring. And that govt is behaving very much like Mubarak did.
Non-violent revolution against Islamic imperialism? Is that possible? While in the West we may openly speak of revolution, in the Islamic world you are killed for the slightest murmur.
The advocates of nonviolent revolution can't rely or pure moral suasion, but must also think about tactics and strategies.
The success of mainly nonviolent resistance in bringing down most of the Stalinist regimes in Eastern Europe, or the Filipino despot Marcos, or the autocrratic Mubaric suggests that King was no totally unrealistic in suggesting that nonviolence might be effective even in a totalitarian society.
HOW it may be so must be figured out in the process of struggle by progressive and revolutionary folk in the Muslim world and anywhere else basic civil liberties are not available.
If the attacks on American civil liberties continue, we may eventually also have to figure out how to wage effective nonviolent struggle in a totalitarian state.
WE must fight to defend the liberties we have, and to also promote fundamental transformation that will radically expand and deepen the range of human freedom and liberation.
And we must understand that this will be, as Howard Zinn once said here in Bmore, an INTERGENERATIONAL struggle.
I guess that's one of the reasons I chose teaching.