Saturday Jul 19
Vaccines critical to stop diseases
<![CDATA["When you make a decision not to vaccinate your child, you're not just making a decision for your child but everyone your child comes in contact with." -- Paul Offit, chief of infectious diseases, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia Anyone who doubts Offit's words need only look to California. Halfway through the year, officials in that state reported 4,558 cases of whooping cough, double the number they saw in all of 2013. Already this year, three infants in California have died of the disease, which killed thousands of Americans every year before routine immunization began more than 85 years ago. Whooping cough (also known as pertussis) is particularly dangerous for infants, which is why doctors today recommend that everyone who many come into contact with an infant, including adults, have a recent vaccination. The outbreak of whooping cough cases is a very real result of a controversy that has baffled public health officials and made it more difficult to convince Americans of the need to take immunizations seriously. More troubling is the return of measles, a deadly childhood disease that was thought to be essentially wiped out more than a decade ago. The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services says that measles is so contagious that nearly everyone who comes into contact with it and isn't immune will get the disease. In April, the Centers for Disease Control reported that there had been 129 cases of measles in 13 states in the first four months of the year; 58 of the cases were in California. The good news is that the numbers are still small. Before vaccinations became available, some 500,000 Americans were infected with measles every year, according to the Washington Post. The number was 60 in 2000, although it has increased to 155 cases per year since. That's a tribute to Americans, who, since the mid-20th century, have embraced immunizations to protect themselves and their neighbors from once-dreaded diseases. Vaccination campaigns worldwide eradicated smallpox by 1979. Polio, which affected 58,000 people in 1952, has been limited to a few localized outbreaks in the past few years. That's why the recent increases in the number of cases of whooping cough, measles and other childhood diseases is so troubling. It suggests that the consensus among Americans is starting to break down, allowing these diseases to gain a foothold among the population again. One reason may be that we've become so accustomed to not seeing those diseases. In the 1940s and '50s, for instance, just about everyone knew of someone who had come down with polio -- including President Franklin D. Roosevelt -- and campaigns such as the March of Dimes took the fight against the disease nationwide. Another reason is Americans' growing cynicism about government programs, including those, like immunizations, that have shown great success. Today, many Americans are more likely to take the word of those who oppose vaccines than of public health officials. Nevadans know well, however, that what happens in California does not stay in California. The outbreak of whooping cough cases, which can spread as people travel, could move easily into Nevada if residents don't follow the recommendations for immunizations. It's critical that everyone remember what Dr. Offit said: Do it for your family; do it for everyone.
Cutest Baby Contest in Philly
The search is on for the most photogenic baby in the region. The Childrens Hospital of Philadelphia's Assistant Director, Lisa Rabbit, sits down with Renee Chenault-Fattah to talk about the contest and how it benefits CHOP.
Asbury Park Press
Sleep-deprived children more likely to be obeseSleep-deprived...
Sleep-deprived children more likely to be obese Studies show obesity may develop in young children who do not get enough or quality sleep Check out this story on app.com: http://on.app.com/1mioz2Q Physicians say infants and children who have sufficient sleep are less likely to develop obesity as juveniles and thus may be spared the condition as ... (more)
Hospital Variation in Survival After Pediatric In-Hospital Cardiac Arrest [Original Articles]
From the Department of Internal Medicine , Saint Luke's Mid America Heart Institute, Kansas City, MO ; Department of Pediatrics, Division of Cardiology, Children's Mercy Hospitals and Clinics, Kansas City, MO ; Department of Anesthesia, Critical Care, and Pediatrics and Department of Anesthesia and Critical Care Medicine , The Children's Hospital ... (more)
Annals of Internal Medicine
Ready or Not: Responding to Measles in the Postelimination Era
From Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, and Division of Infectious Diseases and Department of Infection Prevention and Control, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Medical News Today
Link discovered between hotter days and kidney stones in US adults and children
As daily temperatures increase, so does the number of patients seeking treatment for kidney stones .
Environmental News Network
New Study Links Kidney Stones to...Warming Climate?
In a study that may both reflect and foretell a warming planet's impact on human health, a research team found a link between hot days and kidney stones in 60,000 patients in several US cities with varying climates.
Could global warming cause kidney stones? Hot weather increases...
A study by experts at The Children's Hospital of Phildelphia examined the medical records of 60,000 adults and children They focused on five U.S. cities - Atlanta, Chicago, Dallas, LA and Philadephia, analysing the records as well as weather patterns in each city Dehydration brought on by high temperatures leads to a higher concentration of calcium ... (more)
Climate Change May Bring More Kidney Stones
As daily temperatures increase, so does the number of patients seeking treatment for kidney stones.
Doctors Need to Protect Athletes From Concussion Risk: Neurologists
Safeguarding athletes from concussion is a moral duty for doctors, according to the largest neurologists' group in the United States.
Medical News Today
Specific gene variants may lead to increased pain sensation after common childhood surgery
In the first genome-wide analysis of postsurgical pain in children, pediatric researchers identified variations in genes that affect a child's need for pain-control drugs.
Gene Variants Found That Increase Pain Sensation After Common Childhood Surgery
Philadelphia, June 30, 2014 - In the first genome-wide analysis of postsurgical pain in children, pediatric researchers identified variations in genes that affect a child's need for pain-control drugs.
Trained Evaluators Can Screen for Premie Eye Disease from Miles Away
Philadelphia, June 26, 2014 - Trained non-physician evaluators who studied retinal images transmitted to computer screens at a remote central reading center successfully identified newborn infants likely to require a specialized medical evaluation for retinopathy of prematurity , a leading cause of treatable blindness.
Pediatric Concussion Experts at The Children's Hospital of...
The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia , a national leader in the field of pediatric concussion, is committed to improving awareness, diagnosis and treatment of youth concussion, through clinical practice, educational outreach and research, and participating in the national dialogue on pediatric concussion research.
National Study of U.S. Youth Shows Uptick in Prescribing of...
Philadelphia aZ A national study conducted by researchers at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia's PolicyLab shows an increase in the concurrent prescribing of second-generation antipsychotics - one type of medication used for the treatment of severe mental disorders such as schizophrenia and mania - with other psychotropic medications among ... (more)
The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia Announces Fetal Neuroprotection Program
Philadelphia, June 25, 2014 - The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia today launched the Fetal Neuroprotection and Neuroplasticity Program .