Seminole Leader Sullivan's Island Sou...

Seminole Leader Sullivan's Island South Carolina

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Osceola, AR - Seminole Leader Sullivan's Island South Carolina

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Picture posted by Hutch and Wife on Sep 11 '11 | See all Hutch and Wife photos

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Since: Oct 08

Little Rock, AR

#1 Sep 11, 2011
Osceola is named for Chief Osceola of the Seminole tribe. Local historians have written than he visited the area in 1832 to explore the possibility of exchanging Florida land for Arkansas land, but no historical evidence supports this story.

The community was the only county seat of Mississippi County until 1901, when Osceola and Blytheville were named dual county seats.

The leader of the Seminole Indians in their second war against the United States was Chief Osceola. He was born in 1804 along the Tallapoosa River in Georgia.

When he was 4 years old his family moved to Florida. As a boy he may have fought against Andrew Jackson in the First Seminole War, although this has never been proven.

In 1832 some Seminole chiefs signed a treaty that called for them to move to Indian Territory in present-day Oklahoma. Oscola and other young Seminoles opposed the move.

In 1835 the Indian agent Wiley Thompson called a council at Fort Gibson. Some of the chiefs agreed to move. But Osceola rose and plunged his dagger through the new treaty.

He said, "This is the only treaty I will make with the whites!"

He was then imprisoned. Later he pretended to favor the move and was released. In December the conflict began.

Osceola knew that the Indians were no match for the white soldiers in open battle, so he led the Seminoles deep into the Everglades. From there he led the Seminole braves in fierce raids on the white soldiers and settlers.

The American public criticized the conduct of the war, and finally General T.S. Jesup was given 8,000 men to end it. Some of the Seminole chiefs had given many braves as hostages for the move to Indian Territory.

In June 1837 Osceola, with 200 warriors, liberated them and other Indians held by the Army. In October Osceola came under a flag of truce to confer with a subordinate of Jesup's. Jesup had ordered him seized.

Oscola was imprisoned first at St. Augustine, and later in Fort Moultrie in Charleston, South Carolina. He died on January 20, 1838, and was buried with full military honors.

The war dragged on until 1858 when most of the Seminole tribe were either killed, surrendered, or were moved to the West.

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Osceola Info

Osceola, Arkansas is located in Mississippi County. Zip codes in Osceola, AR include 72370. More Osceola information.